Section edited by Irene Gottlob

This section considers submissions on clinical and basic science aspects of neuro-ophthalmology, including diagnosis, treatment and prevention of neurologic disorders affecting the oculomotor and visual systems as well as related molecular and cellular biology, genetics and pathophysiology.

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  1. Case report

    Closantel; a veterinary drug with potential severe morbidity in humans

    Closantel is a halogenated salicylanilide with a potent anti parasitic activity. It is widely used in management of parasitic infestation in animals, but is contraindicated in humans.

    Seyed Ali Tabatabaei, Mohammad Soleimani, Mohammad Reza Mansouri, Ahmad Mirshahi, Bahman Inanlou, Mojtaba Abrishami, Ahmad Reza Pakrah and Hamideh Masarat

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:207

    Published on: 29 November 2016

  2. Research article

    Interocular symmetry of the peripapillary choroidal thickness and retinal nerve fibre layer thickness in healthy adults with isometropia

    The aim of this study was to determine the interocular differences in the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL), peripapillary choroidal thickness (PCT) and subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) in hea...

    Mo Yang, Wei Wang, Quangang Xu, Shaoying Tan and Shihui Wei

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:182

    Published on: 19 October 2016

  3. Research article

    Assessment of the prevalence and risk factors of ophthalmoplegia among diabetic patients in a large national diabetes registry cohort

    There are limited data on the epidemiology and risk factors of ophthalmoplegia among diabetic patients. This study aims to determine the prevalence and important risk factors related to ophthalmoplegia among d...

    Eman S. Al Kahtani, Rajiv Khandekar, Khalid Al-Rubeaan, Amira M. Youssef, Heba M. Ibrahim and Ahmed H. Al-Sharqawi

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:118

    Published on: 22 July 2016

  4. Research article

    Intraocular pressure and ocular biometric parameters changes in migraine

    The aim of this study was to assess the intraocular pressure and ocular biometric parameters in migraine patients during acute migraine attacks and compare them with painless period and healthy controls using ...

    Yaran Koban, Hatice Kose Ozlece, Gorkem Bilgin, Mustafa Koc, Halil Huseyin Cagatay, Emre I. Durgunlu and Ayse Burcu

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:70

    Published on: 31 May 2016

  5. Research article

    A retrospective analysis of eleven cases of invasive rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis presented with orbital apex syndrome initially

    Rhino-orbito-cerebral mucormycosis(ROCM) is an invasive fungal infection that usually occurs in immunocompromised patients and sometimes presents as orbital apex syndrome(OAS) initially. It is rapidly fatal wi...

    Nan Jiang, Guiqiu Zhao, Shanshan Yang, Jing Lin, Liting Hu, Chengye Che, Qian Wang and Qiang Xu

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:10

    Published on: 12 January 2016

  6. Research article

    Effects of refractive errors on visual evoked magnetic fields

    The latency and amplitude of visual evoked cortical responses are known to be affected by refractive states, suggesting that they may be used as an objective index of refractive errors. In order to establish a...

    Masaya Suzuki, Mizuki Nagae, Yuko Nagata, Naoya Kumagai, Koji Inui and Ryusuke Kakigi

    BMC Ophthalmology 2015 15:162

    Published on: 9 November 2015

  7. Case report

    Lymphoma of the orbit masquerading as Tolosa-Hunt syndrome

    Tolosa-Hunt syndrome is a rare clinical syndrome characterized by painful ophthalmoplegia and ipsilateral cranial neuropathies. It is caused by an inflammatory process of unknown etiology.

    Tarek A Shazly, Ellen B Mitchell, Gabrielle R Bonhomme and Joel S Schuman

    BMC Ophthalmology 2015 15:51

    Published on: 15 May 2015

  8. Case report

    Macular thickness changes in a patient with Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy

    Leber’s hereditary optic neuropathy (LHON) refers to an optic nerve dysfunction due to mutations in the mitochondrial DNA, resulting in visual loss by apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells (RGC). In 20% of LHON ...

    Ayako Mizoguchi, Yuki Hashimoto, Yasuhiro Shinmei, Mayo Nozaki, Kan Ishijima, Yoshiaki Tagawa and Susumu Ishida

    BMC Ophthalmology 2015 15:27

    Published on: 18 March 2015

  9. Research article

    Common synonymous variants in ABCA4 are protective for chloroquine induced maculopathy (toxic maculopathy)

    Chloroquine (CQ) and hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) are used to treat auto-immune related diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or systemic lupus erythematosus. Both drugs however can cause retinal toxicity eve...

    Felix Grassmann, Richard Bergholz, Julia Mändl, Herbert Jägle, Klaus Ruether and Bernhard HF Weber

    BMC Ophthalmology 2015 15:18

    Published on: 6 March 2015

  10. Research article

    Lying-down nystagmus and head-bending nystagmus in horizontal semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo: are they useful for lateralization?

    Lateralization of horizontal semicircular canal benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (HSC-BPPV) is very important for successful repositioning. The directions of lying-down nystagmus (LDN) and head-bending nys...

    Jung-Hwan Oh, Sook-Keun Song, Jung Seok Lee, Jay Chol Choi, Sa-Yoon Kang and Ji-Hoon Kang

    BMC Ophthalmology 2014 14:136

    Published on: 20 November 2014

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