Pediatrics and Strabismus

This section will consider studies on all aspects of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus, including prevention, diagnosis and management of strabismus ocular disease in children, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology and epidemiology. The section particularly welcomes prospective clinical studies, especially randomized controlled trials.

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  1. Research article

    The differences in level of trait anxiety among girls and boys aged 13–17 years with myopia and emmetropia

    A significant increase in myopia among children and teenagers can be observed all over the world. Yet at the same time, there is still an insignificant number of studies concerning this health problem.

    Joanna B. Łazarczyk, Beata Urban, Beata Konarzewska, Agata Szulc, Alina Bakunowicz-Łazarczyk, Ewa Żmudzka, Urszula Kowzan, Napoleon Waszkiewicz and Karolina Juszczyk-Zajkowska

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:201

    Published on: 14 November 2016

  2. Research article

    Ocular findings in patients with spastic type cerebral palsy

    Refractive errors, strabismus, nystagmus, amblyopia, and cortical visual impairment are observed in 50 to 90 % of patients with cerebral palsy. Ocular abnormalities are known to differ according to cerebral pa...

    Myung Jin Park, Yung Ju Yoo, Chin Youb Chung and Jeong-Min Hwang

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:195

    Published on: 8 November 2016

  3. Research article

    Effective treatment for prevention of post-operative adhesion after strabismus surgery in experimental rabbit model: 0.5 % tranilast ophthalmic solution

    Postoperative adhesion is one of the major complications of strabismus surgery and result in motility dysfunction that brings unpredictable surgical outcomes. However, there was no definitely accepted treatmen...

    Sang Uk Choi, Kyoung Woo Kim and Nam Ju Moon

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:166

    Published on: 21 September 2016

  4. Research article

    Housing type and myopia: the mediating role of parental myopia

    Myopia has become a significant global public health concern, and is highly prevalent worldwide especially in Asian countries. It is associated with genetic factors as well as socioeconomic status; however, th...

    Xiaoyan Wu, Guopeng Gao, Juxiang Jin, Wenjuan Hua, Liming Tao, Shaojun Xu and Fangbiao Tao

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:151

    Published on: 31 August 2016

  5. Case report

    An unusual case of congenital cytomegalovirus infection-related retinopathy

    Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is the most common congenital infection, and chorioretinitis is the most common ophthalmic manifestation of congenital CMV infection. We experienced a unique case of CMV retinopathy showi...

    Mizuki Tagami, Shigeru Honda, Ichiro Morioka, Kazumoto Iijima, Hideto Yamada and Makoto Nakamura

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:81

    Published on: 7 June 2016

  6. Research article

    Accuracy of PlusOptix A09 distance refraction in pediatric myopia and hyperopia

    The PlusOptix photoscreeners (PlusOptix GmbH, Nuremberg, Germany) is used in many vision screening programs. The purpose of the present study was to further explore the accuracy of the PlusOptix A09 photoscree...

    Arnaud Payerols, Claudie Eliaou, Véronique Trezeguet, Max Villain and Vincent Daien

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:72

    Published on: 1 June 2016

  7. Research article

    Evaluating stereoacuity with 3D shutter glasses technology

    To determine the stereoacuity threshold with a 3D laptop equipped with 3D shutter glasses, and to evaluate the effect of different shape and size of test symbols and different type of disparities to stereoacuity.

    Huang Wu, Han Jin, Ying Sun, Yang Wang, Min Ge, Yang Chen and Yunfeng Chi

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:45

    Published on: 26 April 2016

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