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Table 2 Summary of characteristics of the 18 prospective and cross sectional studies

From: Clinical risk factors for age-related macular degeneration: a systematic review and meta-analysis

STUDY NAME LOCATION DATE OF STUDY POPULATION NUMBER OF LATE AMD SUBJECTS AGE RANGE % MALE METHOD OF FUNDUS CAPTURE METHOD OF CLASSIFICATION
AREDS [64] USA 1992-1998 4,519 776 60-80 NA Retinal photo WARMGS
Baltimore Eye Study*[91] USA 1985-1988 4,396 48 40+ NA Retinal photo International AMD
Barbados Eye Study*[42] Barbados 1988-1992 2,374 12 40-84 43 Retinal photo Described in paper
Beaver Dam Eye Study[2426, 39, 47, 57, 92] USA 1988-1990 4,926 72 43-86 44 Retinal photo WARMGS
Blue Mountains Eye Study*[2426, 35, 43, 46] Australia 1992-1994 3,654 65 49+ 43 Retinal photo WARMGS
Cardiovascular Health Study[40] USA 1989-1990 5,201 35 65+ 60 Retinal photo WARMGS
Copenhagen City Study*[33, 49] Denmark 1986-1988, 2000-2002 946 112 60-80 49 Retinal photo Described in paper
European Study of Eye Disease (EUREYE)[12] Europe 2000-2003 4,752 158 Aged 65+ 45 Retinal photo International AMD
Funagata Study[30] Japan 2000-2002 3,676 8 35+ 51 Retinal photo WARMGS
Los Angeles Latino Eye Study (LALES) *[53, 54, 61] USA 1997-2002 5,875 25 40+ 42 Retinal photo WARMGS
Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis (MESA)[41, 59] USA 2002-2004 6,176 27 45-85 48 Retinal photo WARMGS
NHANES III*[58] USA 1998-1994 8,270 54 40+ 47 Retinal photo WARMGS
PHS[34, 44] USA 1982-1989 22,071 64 40+ 100 Retinal photo WARMGS
Progression of Age-related Macular Degeneration Study (PARMDS)[45] USA 1989-1998 261 NA 60+ NA Retinal photo Modification of the Age-Related Eye Disease Study Grading system
Pathologie Occulaires Liees a l'age (POLA) *[51, 52] France 2002, 2006 2,183 41 60+ 43 Retinal photo Fundus photo
Proyecto VER*[93] USA 1997-1999 2,780 15 50+ 39 Retinal photo WARMGS
Rotterdam Study*[25, 26, 36, 62, 94] Netherlands 1990-1993 6,251 104 55+ 40 Retinal photo WARMGS
Singapore Malay Eye Study (SiMES)[28, 31] Singapore 1992 3,280 23 40-80 52 Retinal photo WARMGS
  1. WARMGS: Wisconsin Age-Related Maculopathy Grading System; * Studies included in the meta-analyses
  2. * From article referenced
  3. Note: Case control studies were not included in this table