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Table 3 Summary Results from the Meta-analysis

From: Clinical risk factors for age-related macular degeneration: a systematic review and meta-analysis

RISK FACTOR PROSPECTIVE CROSS-SECTIONAL CASE CONTROL
  n Overall estimate n Overall estimate n Overall estimate
Gender (female) 2 1.01 (0.89 - 1.16) 2 1.06 (0.78 - 1.44) 2 1.00 (0.83 - 1.21)
Race (white vs. other) 3 0.91 (0.49 - 1.69) 3 1.09 (0.09 - 13.56)* 1 4.2 (2.23 - 8.00)
Family History* 0   1 3.95 (1.35 - 11.54) 2 6.18 (0.98 - 38.90)*
Cataract surgery* 4 3.05 (2.05 - 4.55) 2 1.59 (1.08 - 2.34) 3 1.54 (1.24 - 1.91)
Iris colour* 5 0.98 (0.72 - 1.32) 4 0.88 (0.65 - 1.17) 2 0.60 (0.12 - 2.98)*
Body Mass Index* 9 1.28 (0.98 - 1.67)* 10 1.21 (0.97 - 1.53) 2 1.52 (1.15 - 2.00)
Smoking* 5 1.86 (1.27 - 2.73) 7 3.58 (2.68 - 4.79) 6 1.78 (1.52 - 2.09)
Hypertension* 4 1.02 (0.77 - 1.35) 6 1.15 (0.88 - 1.51) 3 1.48 (1.22 - 1.78)
Diabetes* 3 1.66 (1.05 - 2.63) 3 1.09 (0.61 - 1.92) 1 0.55 (0.06 - 4.87)
Cardiovascular Disease* 7 1.22 (0.92 - 1.63) 9 1.12 (0.86 - 1.47) 6 2.20 (1.49 - 3.26)*
Cerebrovascular Diseases 2 1.54 (0.82 - 2.90) 5 1.10 (0.69 - 1.75) 0  
Serum Cholesterol (Total) 4 0.99 (0.95 - 1.03) 5 0.94 (0.84 - 1.04) 1 4.66 (1.35 - 16.11)
Serum Cholesterol (HDL) 3 1.00 (0.97 - 1.02) 5 1.06 (0.80 - 1.39) 1 3.35 (0.92 - 12.23)
Serum Triglycerides 2 1.00 (0.77 - 1.30) 3 1.08 (0.89 - 1.30) 1 0.90 (0.25 - 3.24)
Plasma Fibrinogen* 1 1.03 (0.81 - 1.32) 3 1.45 (1.22 - 1.73) 0  
  1. n = number of estimates entered in the models; *Figure is displayed
  2. * Estimates from random effects models. All other estimates are fixed effects.