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Table 4 Association of ocular disease and risk factors (Multiple Logistic regressions for risk factors)

From: Factors associated with childhood ocular morbidity and blindness in three ecological regions of Nepal: Nepal pediatric ocular disease study

Risk factors OR (95% CI) P value
Region   
 Terai 1 -
 Hill 0.79(0.51-1.22) 0.295
 Mountain 2.19(1.48-3.26) 0.001
Age group (years)   
 0-5 years 1 -
 >5-10 1.52(1.2-1.92) 0.001
Religion   
 Hindu 1 -
 Buddhist 1.81(1.32-2.49) 0.001
 Christian 1.3(0.71-2.37) 0.4
 others 0.88(0.59-1.32) 0.544
Mother’s habit of alcohol intake   
 No 1  
 Yes 1.22(0.94-1.57) 0.13
Mother’s education status 1  
 Literate   
 Illiterate 1.37(1.09-1.71) 0.97
Mothers history of marriage   0.04
 Consanguinity 1  
 Non consanguinity 0.26(0..21-0.33)  
Immunization status   0.001
 Immunized 1  
 Non-immunized 2.95(1.63-5.36)  
Systemic illness   0.001
 Present 1  
 Absent 0.1(0.04-0.23)  
Previous ocular surgery/treatment   0.001
 Yes 1  
 No 0.11(0.06-0.22)  
Postnatal period   0.01
 Non eventful 1  
 Eventful 5.33(1.45-17.02)  
  1. OR: Odds Ratio, CI confidence interval.