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Table 3 Retinal areas used for reading and eye movements to completely uncover presented words

From: A technique to train new oculomotor behavior in patients with central macular scotomas during reading related tasks using scanning laser ophthalmoscopy: immediate functional benefits and gains retention

Subjects Areas used to decipher single letters and isolated words Areas used to read paragraphed text Ocular movements to entirely uncover presented words
  Before SLO training Immediately after SLO training Three months after SLO training Before SLO training Immediately after SLO training Three months after SLO training Before SLO training Immediately after SLO training Three months after SLO training
MT PRL: 1 PRL: 1 PRL: 1 PRL: 1 PRL: 1 nPRLs: 1 PRL: 1 nPRLs: 2 No Yes No
SL PRL: 1 PRL: 1 TRL: 1 PRL: 1 TRL: 1 nPRLs: 2 PRL: 1 PRL: 1 nPRLs: 2 PRL: 1 TRL: 1 nPRLs: 2 No Yes Yes
LG PRL: 1 PRL: 1 TRL: 1 nPRL: 1 PRL: 1 TRL: 1 nPRL: 1 PRL: 1 PRL: 1 TRL: 1 nPRLs: 1 PRL: 1 TRL: 1 No Yes Yes
AA PRL: 1 PRL: 1 TRL: 1 nPRL: 1 PRL: 1 TRL: 1 nPRL: 1 PRL: 1 PRL: 1 TRL: 1 PRL: 1 TRL: 1 Yes Yes Yes
GM PRL: 0 TRL: 1 TRL: 1 nPRLs: 2 PRL: 0 TRL: 1 TRL: 1 Yes Yes Yes
  1. PRL: initial PRL; TRL: examiner's selected TRL; nPRL: additional newly self-selected PRLs. Following the training four subjects (SL, LG, AA, GM) used either the examiner's selected TRL and/or newly self-selected PRLs both for isolated words' deciphering and for paragraphed text reading. Note that, before training, only two subjects were able to perform eye movements to entirely uncover isolated words, either sequentially using the initial PRL, or at once using the examiner's selected TRL. Immediately following training, all subjects were able to achieve the task. In four out of five subjects this capacity was retained three months following SLO training. Note also that the subject that did not retain the ability to uncover words also did not retain any functional training gains.