Skip to main content

Advertisement

Table 1 Dietary profile and nutrient intake in patients with Stargardt’s Disease

From: Dietary profile of patients with Stargardt’s disease and Retinitis Pigmentosa: is there a role for a nutritional approach?

  Males (n = 12) Females (n = 12)
  Mean (SD) DRI Mean (SD) DRI
Energy, kcal 2249.9 (309.4) 2200 1773 (338.2) 1800
% of energy from carbohydrates 51.3 (4.4) 45–60 % 52.4 (7.9) 45–60 %
% of energy from protein 15.6 (1.8) 15–20 % 15.8 (2) 15–20 %
% of energy from fats 33.2 (5) <30 % 34.8 (7.3) <30 %
% of energy from saturated fats 8.7 (2.3) <10 % 9.8 (3) < 10 %
% of energy from monounsaturated fats 15.3 (2.7) 15–20 % 14.9 (4.7) 15–20 %
% of energy from polyunsaturated fats 3.4 (0.6) 5–10 % 3.5 (0.9) 5–10 %
EPA, mg 230 (130) >250 120 (70) >250
DHA, mg 290 (70) 130 (90)
Cholesterol, mg 286.7 (104.8) <200 209.5 (56.9) <200
Dietary fibre, g 18.5 (4.3) 25 16.3 (4.6) 25
Calcium, mg 707.3 (250.6) 1000 615.9 (220.8) 1000
Magnesium, mg 146.4 (32.1) 240 130.9 (26.3) 240
Potassium, mg 2394.8 (767.1) 3900 2225.3 (495.5) 3900
Sodium, mg 1462.3 (606) 1500 1476.2 (832.2) 1500
Iron, mg 10.2 (1.7) 10 13.5 (2.3) 18
Vitamin A, μg RAE 1277.9 (962.8) 700 729.4 (258.8) 600
Thiamin, mg 1.23 (0.25) 1.2 1.19 (0.32) 1.1
Riboflavin, mg 1.56 (0.47) 1.6 1.16 (0.32) 1.3
Niacin, mg 16.9 (2.4) 18 13.9 (2.9) 18
Vitamin B6, mg 1.14 (0.43) 1.3 1.17 (0.53) 1.3
Folic acid, mg 193.2 (100.3) 400 201.5 (80.9) 400
Vitamin C, mg 161.7 (103.6) 105 136.2 (73.8) 85
Vitamin D, μg 3.41 (1.71) 15 2.33 (1.65) 15
Vitamin E, mg 11.1 (3.5) 15 7.92 (3.7) 15
  1. The dietary reference intakes (DRI) are presented using adequate intake and population reference intake for males and females aged 18–59 years according to the Dietary Reference Values of the Italian Society of Human Nutrition [15]
  2. EPA eicosapentaenoic acid, DHA docosahexaenoic acid, RAE retinol activity equivalent