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Table 3 Single variable Logistic Regression Analysis of the risk factors associated with Myopia and High Myopia

From: Prevalence and risk factors for myopia in older adult east Chinese population

  Myopia (SE < −0.5D) High Myopia (SE < −5.0D)
Beta OR (95% CI) p Beta OR (95% CI) p
Age, y 0.07 1.08 (1.07-1.09) <0.001 0.04 1.04 (1.01-1.07) 0.004
Gender
 Male 0 1   0 1  
 Female 0.39 1.48 (1.28-1.70) <0.001 0.44 1.56 (1.08-2.26) 0.12
Educational Level
 Illiterate or no education 0 1   0 1  
 Primary education −0.45 0.64 (0.55-0.75) <0.001 −0.23 0.79 (0.54-1.17) 0.24
 Secondary education and above −0.46 0.63 (0.51-0.79) <0.001 0.64 0.51 (0.26-1.01) 0.05
Occupation
 Peasants 0 1   0 1  
 Workers −0.40 0.67 (0.57-0.79) <0.001 −0.83 0.44 (0.26-0.72) 0.001
 Professionals −0.83 0.44 (0.28-0.69) <0.001 −0.10 0.90 (0.36-2.26) 0.83
 Managers −0.84 0.43 (0.20-0.91) 0.03 −0.73 0.48 (0.07-3.53) 0.47
 Teachers −0.23 0.80 (0.42-1.51) 0.48 1.27 3.56 (1.49-8.51) 0.004
 Civil servants 0.13 1.13 (0.36-3.57) 0.83 −19.12 1.00
 unknown −0.45 0.64 (0.49-0.83) 0.001 −0.52 0.60 (0.29-1.24) 0.12
Individual monthly income
 Less than ¥1000 0 1   0 1  
 ¥1001-4000 −0.36 0.70 (0.60-0.81) <0.001 −0.21 0.81 (0.55-1.20) 0.29
 More than ¥4000 −0.53 0.59 (0.38-0.92) 0.020 0.18 1.20 (0.48-3.01) 0.70
Marital status
 Married 0 1   0 1  
 Single /Divorce /Widowed 0.42 1.53 (1.28-1.82) <0.001 0.10 1.11 (0.69-1.79) 0.67
Housing area, m2
 Less than 80 0 1   0 1  
 80-130 −0.40 0.67 (0.53-0.84) 0.001 −0.52 0.59 (0.32-1.11) 0.10
 More than 130 −0.31 0.73 (0.62-0.86) <0.001 −0.26 0.77 (0.51-1.16) 0.21
Smoking
 Never 0 1   0 1  
 Past −0.32 0.73 (0.56-0.95) 0.02 −0.15 0.86 (0.44-1.67) 0.66
 Current −0.36 0.70 (0.59-0.82) <0.001 −0.39 0.68 (0.43-1.07) 0.10
Alcohol consumption
 No 0 1   0 1  
 Yes −0.49 0.62 (0.51-0.74) <0.001 −0.25 0.78 (0.50-1.24) 0.30
Tea drinking
 No 0 1   0 1  
 Yes −0.42 0.66 (0.56-0.77) <0.001 −0.38 0.69 (0.46-1.03) 0.07
Time for sleeping per night,h 0.22 1.25 (1.19-1.31) <0.001 0.19 1.21 (1.08-1.36) 0.002
Sleep quality
 Well 0 1   0 1  
 Poor 0.08 1.08 (0.85-1.37) 0.52 0.33 1.40 (0.81-2.42) 0.23
Time for watching television per day,h −0.17 0.84 (0.80-0.89) <0.001 −0.30 0.74 (0.63-0.87) <0.001
Time for playing computer per day,h −0.07 0.93 (0.76-1.14) 0.50 −0.04 0.96 (0.58-1.61) 0.89
Time for outdoor activities per day,h −0.03 0.97 (0.94-1.01) 0.12 0.002 1.00 (0.91-1.10) 0.97
Vegetarian 0.14 1.15 (0.67-1.95) 0.62 0.03 1.03 (0.25-4.25) 0.97
Family history of myopia 0.26 1.29 (1.09-1.53) 0.003 0.14 1.15 (0.74-1.80) 0.54
Hypertension 0.16 1.18 (1.00-1.38) 0.05 0.02 1.02 (0.68-1.55) 0.91
Diabetes −0.13 0.88 (0.70-1.10) 0.25 −0.39 0.68 (0.35-1.31) 0.25
Cataract 0.64 1.90 (1.65-2.19) <0.001 0.83 2.30 (1.56-3.39) <0.001
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval. The significant values (p < 0.05) are presented in bold