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Table 4 Multivariate Logistic Regression Analysis of the risk factors associated with Myopia and High Myopia

From: Prevalence and risk factors for myopia in older adult east Chinese population

  Myopia (SE < −0.5D) High Myopia (SE < −5.0D)
B OR (95% CI) p B OR (95% CI) p
Age, y 0.05 1.05 (1.04-1.07) <0.001 0.00 1.00 (0.97-1.04) 0.86
Gender
 Male 0 1   0 1  
 Female 0.21 1.26 (0.98-1.56) 0.08 −0.41 0.67 (0.36-1.24) 0.20
Educational Level
 Illiterate or no education 0 1   0 1  
 Primary education −0.17 0.85 (0.71-1.00) 0.05 0.00 1.00 (0.65-1.55) 0.99
 Secondary education and above −0.19 0.82 (0.63-1.08) 0.15 1.02 2.77 (1.11-6.94) 0.03
Occupation
 Peasants 0 1   0 1  
 Workers −0.07 0.93 (0.78-1.12) 0.45 0.66 1.93 (1.12-3.31) 0.02
 Professionals −0.53 0.59 (0.36-0.95) 0.03 −0.30 0.74 (0.28-2.00) 0.56
 Managers −0.48 0.62 (0.29-1.34) 0.22 0.28 1.32 (0.18-10.02) 0.79
 Teachers −0.14 0.87 (0.42-1.79) 0.70 −2.03 0.13 (0.04-0.46) 0.002
 Civil servants 0.35 1.42 (0.42-4.79) 0.57 18.32 0.999
 unknown −0.11 0.9 (0.68-1.19) 0.45 0.33 1.39 (0.65-2.96) 0.40
Individual monthly income
 Less than ¥1000 0 1   0 1  
 ¥1001-4000 0.14 1.15 (0.97-1.37) 0.11 −0.17 0.84 (0.54-1.31) 0.44
 More than ¥4000 0.17 1.18 (0.72-1.95) 0.52 −0.31 0.73 (0.24-2.25) 0.59
Marital status
 Married 0 1   0 1  
 Single /Divorce /Widowed −0.08 0.92 (0.75-1.12) 0.41 0.26 1.29 (0.77-2.18) 0.34
Housing area, m2
 Less than 80 0 1   0 1  
 80-130 −0.15 0.86 (0.67-1.09) 0.21 0.44 1.55 (0.81-2.95) 0.19
 More than 130 −0.04 0.96 (0.81-1.14) 0.65 0.11 1.12 (0.73-1.73) 0.61
Smoking
 Never 0 1   0 1  
 Past 0.19 1.21 (0.94-1.56) 0.13 −0.21 0.81 (0.41-1.61) 0.55
 Current 0.09 1.09 (0.79-1.51) 0.58 −0.29 0.75 (0.33-1.69) 0.48
Alcohol consumption
 No 0 1   0 1  
 Yes −0.22 0.80 (0.65-1.00) 0.05 −0.17 0.84 (0.48-1.49) 0.55
Tea drinking
 No 0 1   0 1  
 Yes −0.19 0.83 (0.69-1.00) 0.05 0.28 1.32 (0.81-2.15) 0.27
Time for sleeping per night,h 0.11 1.12 (1.06-1.18) <0.001 −0.16 0.85 (0.74-0.97) 0.02
Family history of myopia
 No 0 1   0 1  
 Yes 0.39 1.47 (1.23-1.77) <0.001 −0.33 0.72 (0.45-1.14) 0.16
Cataract
 No 0 1   0 1  
 Yes 0.47 1.60 (1.36-1.88) <0.001 −0.87 0.42 (0.27-0.65) <0.001
  1. OR odds ratio, CI confidence interval. The significant values (p < 0.05) are presented in bold