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Table 2 Comparison of visual and systemic parameters between baseline fear of falling + group and baseline fear of falling – group

From: Factors associated with developing a fear of falling in subjects with primary open-angle glaucoma

  Baseline fear of falling (−) Baseline fear of falling (+) p value
Number 299 43  
Age (years) 64.3 ± 10.6 [45 to 85] 70.9 ± 9.8 [40 to 84] < 0.0001
Gender (male/female) 178/121 19/24 0.082
B.M.I 22.5 ± 3.0 [13.8 to 32.7] 22.1 ± 3.6 [15.2 to 32.0] 0.47
Prevalence of diabetes mellitus (%) 40/299 = 13.4% 9/43 = 20.9% 0.28
Prevalence of hypertension (%) 92/299 = 30.8% 11/43 = 25.6% 0.61
Usage of sedatives/sleeping aid (%) 15/299 = 5.0% 6/43 = 13.6% 0.052
BCVA in the better eye (LogMar) 0.003 ± 0.015 [0.0 to 0.15] 0.011 ± 0.034 [0.0 to 0.15] 0.003
BCVA in the worse eye (LogMar) 0.015 ± 0.038 [0.0 to 0.15] 0.037 ± 0.056 [0.0 to 0.15] 0.001
mTD (dB) −3.8 ± 4.9 [−20.3 to 5.3] −2.0 ± 3.9 [−20.6 to 3.2] 0.0038
mTDSP (dB) −4.8 ± 7.1 [−28.2 to 6.0] − 2.7 ± 5.4 [− 28.4 to 3.9] 0.014
mTDSC (dB) −5.0 ± 7.8 [− 32.3 to 5.3] −2.5 ± 5.6 [− 32.3 to 3.3] 0.0094
mTDIC (dB) − 2.1 ± 4.1 [−18.0 to 6.2] −0.83 ± 3.3 [− 29.2 to 3.3] 0.0021
mTDip (dB) −2.9 ± 4.1 [− 20.9 to 4.3] −1.5 ± 3.4 [− 20.6 to 3.6] 0.0049
Past history of falls (%) 37/299 = 12.4% 18/43 = 41.9% < 0.0001
Number of previous fall (times) 0.18 ± 0.54 [0 to 6] 0.89 ± 4.1 [0 to 4] < 0.0001
  1. The Chi square test was used to compare categorical data between the two groups, whereas the Wilcoxon test was used to compare numerical data between the two groups
  2. Abbreviations: B.M.I, body mass index, BCVA, best corrected visual acuity, LogMar, logarithm of the Minimum Angle of Resolution, mTD, mean total deviation, SP, superior peripheral, SC, superior central, IC, inferior central, IP, inferior peripheral