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Table 1 Comparison of baseline characteristics between control and blepharospasm groups

From: Evaluation of Scheimpflug imaging parameters in blepharospasm and normal eyes

  Control Blepharospasm
Mild Moderate Severe
Age (yrs) 59.18 ± 10.05 54.07 ± 8.67 60.05 ± 8.51 60.4 ± 9.32
Male (n, %) 13 (32.5%) 4 (33.3%) 5 (25%) 2 (13.3%)
Subjects (n) 40 12 20 15
Jankovic Rating Scale 0 1 or 2 3 4
Disease duration (mean yrs. + SD) N 3.9 ± 2.7 4.4 ± 3.2 3.4 ± 3.2
Blink Rate (blinks/min) 17.56 ± 3.62 30.64 ± 5.41**** 39.54 ± 5.99**** 52.45 ± 7.79****
  1. Jankovic Rating Scale: 0 = no spasm; 1 = mild spasm, barely noticeable; 2 = mild spasm, without functional impairment; 3 = moderate spasm, with moderate functional impairment;4 = severe, incapacitating spasm
  2. Data are mean standard deviation unless otherwise indicated
  3. ****P < 0.0001, versus controls