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Table 2 Comparison of clinical factors and visual acuity in children with residual amblyopia following occlusion for more than 6 months according to the treatment modalities

From: Effectiveness of binocularity-stimulating treatment in children with residual amblyopia following occlusion

  BF (n = 10) HMD (n = 7) BF + HMD (n = 5) P value
Sex (male:female) 6:4 5:2 4:1 0.852b
Types of amblyopia (A:S:C) 3:5:2 3:2:2 1:1:3 0.634b
VA at initial visit (LogMAR) 0.66 ± 0.44 0.77 ± 0.53 0.80 ± 0.58 0.844a
Duration of occlusion (years) 2.9 ± 1.3 2.6 ± 1.0 1.8 ± 0.5 0.215a
VA after occlusion (LogMAR) 0.17 ± 0.12 0.30 ± 0.32 0.21 ± 0.11 0.411a
Age at binocular treatment (years) 8.3 ± 1.2 8.7 ± 1.5 9.5 ± 1.4 0.289a
Duration of binocular treatment (months) 4.7 ± 2.4 4.2 ± 1.4 4.1 ± 1.1 0.795a
VA after binocular treatment (LogMAR) 0.19 ± 0.17 0.17 ± 0.07 0.17 ± 0.19 0.958a
  1. Continuous variables are reported as mean ± standard deviation
  2. Abbreviations: BF Bangerter foil, HMD Head-mounted display, A anisometropic, S strabismic, C combined, VA visual acuity, LogMAR logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution
  3. aANOVA test
  4. bFisher’s exact test