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Table 1 Clinical characteristics of NS patients and normal subjects

From: Retinal and choroidal thickness in paediatric patients with hypoalbuminaemia caused by nephrotic syndrome

  NS group Control group P
Age (years) 8.4 ± 3.5 8.9 ± 3.2 0.459a
Sex (M/F) 35/16 25/16 0.444b
AL (mm) 22.9 ± 1.1 23.0 ± 0.8 0.675a
BCVA (Snellen) 1.0 (0.2–1.2) 1.0 (0.8–1.2) 0.161c
IOP (mmHg) 18.5 ± 4.0 17.2 ± 2.3 0.060a
RT T2.5 (μm) 282.0 ± 17.8 274.0 ± 17.4 0.035 a
RT T2.0 (μm) 305.4 ± 15.8 294.8 ± 17.8 0.003 a
RT T1.5 (μm) 325.9 ± 14.7 319.9 ± 14.4 0.054a
RT T1.0 (μm) 330.5 ± 16.5 327.0 ± 14.9 0.300a
RT T0.5 (μm) 286.5 ± 20.5 287.7 ± 20.1 0.775a
RT SF (μm) 217.3 ± 16.6 213.0 ± 19.5 0.254a
RT N0.5 (μm) 288.1 ± 22.4 289.4 ± 22.5 0.780a
RT N1.0 (μm) 345.8 ± 15.3 341.0 ± 15.4 0.144a
RT N1.5 (μm) 354.5 ± 14.2 345.8 ± 15.8 0.006 a
RT N2.0 (μm) 339.8 ± 17.9 330.6 ± 15.1 0.010 a
RT N2.5 (μm) 319.3 ± 17.5 310.5 ± 17.4 0.018 a
RT AVG (μm) 308.6 ± 11.9 303.0 ± 12.2 0.029 a
CT T2.5 (μm) 326.3 ± 75.3 266.1 ± 42.2 < 0.001 a
CT T2.0 (μm) 342.8 ± 76.8 271.5 ± 40.9 < 0.001 a
CT T1.5 (μm) 355.5 ± 76.2 276.20 ± 43.1 < 0.001 a
CT T1.0 (μm) 366.8 ± 73.4 277.5 ± 47.0 < 0.001 a
CT T0.5 (μm) 372.6 ± 73.6 283.2 ± 52.5 < 0.001 a
CT SF (μm) 373.8 ± 74.9 280.2 ± 57.1 < 0.001 a
CT N0.5 (μm) 356.6 ± 75.0 262.9 ± 58.6 < 0.001 a
CT N1.0 (μm) 333.9 ± 75.1 249.0 ± 58.4 < 0.001 a
CT N1.5 (μm) 309.9 ± 73.1 227.5 ± 58.7 < 0.001 a
CT N2.0 (μm) 277.7 ± 67.9 205.1 ± 60.8 < 0.001 a
CT N2.5 (μm) 246.4 ± 61.6 176.8 ± 57.8 < 0.001 a
CT AVG (μm) 332.9 ± 66.3 252.4 ± 45.4 < 0.001 a
  1. Data are expressed in mean ± SD, except for sex and BCVA. BCVA are expressed in median (min–max). Significant differences are highlighted in bold print
  2. M male, F female, AL axial length, BCVA best-corrected visual acuity, IOP intraocular pressure, RT retinal thickness, CT choroidal thickness, N0.5 nasal 500 μm from the fovea, N1.0 nasal 1000 μm from the fovea, N1.5 nasal 1500 μm from the fovea, N2.0 nasal 2000 μm from the fovea, N2.5 nasal 2500 μm from the fovea, SF subfoveal, T0.5 temporal 500 μm from the fovea, T1.0 temporal 1000 μm from the fovea, T1.5 temporal 1500 μm from the fovea, T2.0 temporal 2000 μm from the fovea, T2.5 temporal 2500 μm from the fovea, RT AVG average macular horizontal RT, CT AVG average macular horizontal CT
  3. aindependent samples t-test
  4. bchi-square test
  5. cMann-Whitney U-test