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Table 4 Factors associated with active trachoma among 1–9 years old children in Deguatemben district, Tigray, Northern Ethiopia, 2018

From: Prevalence and associated factors of active trachoma among 1–9 years old children in Deguatemben, Tigray, Ethiopia, 2018: community cross-sectional study

FactorsActive TrachomaNo Active TrachomaCOR(95%CI)AOR(95%CI)
The age group of child
 1 to 4 years old781882.85(1.79–4.56)*5.01(1.79–13.96)**
 5 to 9 years old302061.00 
Access to latrine
 Yes552491.00 
 No531451.66(1.08–2.54)*2.21(0.82–5.98)
Solid waste disposal system
 Proper waste pit572491.00 
 Open field511451.54(1.01–2.36)*1.02(0.33–3.18)
Liquid waste disposal system
 Yes271551.00 
 No812391.95(1.20–3.15)*0.82(0.23–2.99)
Animal’s living condition
 Separate animal shed26911.00 
 No separate animal shed32601.87(1.01–3.44)*2.73(0.97–7.64)
Child face washing frequency
 More than once per day28661.00 
 Only once per day643200.47(0.28–0.79)*0.48(0.17–1.41)
 Not daily1684.71(1.81–12.27)*9.35(4.93–67.32)**
Soap use for face washing
 Yes603121.00 
 No48823.04(1.94–4.78)*5.84(1.79–13.96)**
Number of MDA rounds
 One10371.51(0.71–3.22)1.93(0.26–14.54)
 Two10183.12(1.36–7.09)*0.40(0.02–9.21)
 Three543021.00 
Clean face
 Yes112291.00 
 No9716512.24(6.36–23.56)*18.22(4.93–69.32)**
Educational status of mothers
 No regular education371531.98(0.91–4.34)0.43(0.07–2.45)
 Grade 1 to 4th4142.35(0.63–8.69)0.63(0.06–7.02)
 Grade 5th to 8th22642.83(1.22–6.58)*0.53(0.07–3.88)
 Grade 9th to 12th36893.33(1.51–7.35)*1.91(0.28–13.28)
 College and above9741.00 
Mothers knowledge on trachoma
 Knowledgeable262410.20(0.12–0.33)*0.06(0.02–0.19)**
 Less knowledgeable821531.00 
  1. * = significant on bivariate, ** = significant on multivariable analysis at p-value < 0.05
  2. COR crude odds ratio and AOR adjusted odds ratio, 1.00 = referent.