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Table 2 Comparison of laboratory data and ocular findings of study groups

From: The findings of corneal specular microscopy in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus

 Diabetic group (n: 195)Healthy controls (n: 100)p
Fasting Blood Glucose (mg/dl)176.06 ± 55.5294.37 ± 11.080.001
Hemoglobin A 1c (%)8.14 ± 1.605.26 ± 0.720.001
Blood urea nitrogen37.77 ± 12.9430.11 ± 6.880.001
Creatinine0.98 ± 0.320.81 ± 0.270.001
Urine albumin-creatinine ratio (mg/g·Cre)54.3473 ± 59.822.60 ± 2.080.001
Endothelial Cell Density (cells/m2)2427.94 ± 427.102615.56 ± 106.800.001
Average cell size (μm2)419.69 ± 71.98374.74 ± 14.110.001
Coefficient of Variation (%)32.37 ± 6.1630.29 ± 4.080.001
Hexagonal cell ratio (%)66.94 ± 7.1778.48 ± 6.560.001
Central corneal thickness (μ)539.01 ± 41.19525.90 ± 28.790.001