Skip to main content

Table 3 Demographic features, laboratory data and ocular findings of three subgroups of diabetic patients

From: The findings of corneal specular microscopy in patients with type-2 diabetes mellitus

 Without DR (n: 68)Background DR (n:56)Proliferative DR (n:71)P1P2P3
Gender (M/F)28/4024/3235/360.560.140.24
Age (years)61.50 ± 7.79163.77 ± 8.1762.37 ± 7.070.1450.1240.247
Diabetes duration (years)5.32 ± 2.069.07 ± 3.9213.25 ± 4.330.0010.0010.001
Fasting Blood Glucose (mg/dl)139.33 ± 36.50189.53 ± 50.06203.51 ± 57.910.0010.0010.004
Hemoglobin A 1c (%)7.02 ± 1.158.46 ± 1.419.13 ± 1.450.0010.0010.001
Blood urea nitrogen30.56 ± 9.1139.81 ± 12.0243.92 ± 13.970.0010.0010.001
Creatinine0.80 ± 0.271.01 ± 0.311.17 ± 0.260.0010.0010.001
Urine albumin-creatinine ratio (mg/g·Cre)9.87 ± 4.8652.47 ± 42.72113.30 ± 64.580.0010.0010.001
Endothelial Cell Density (cells/m2)2495.83 ± 365.392392.28 ± 462.732384.06 ± 432.980.0430.0210.872
Average cell size (μm2)403.22 ± 64.22446.92 ± 79.08452.16 ± 62.110.0120.0090.308
Coefficient of Variation (%)30.04 ± 5.2931.34 ± 5.4633.58 ± 5.580.0440.0040.408
Hexagonal cell ratio (%)66.16 ± 6.4365.20 ± 5.8064.60 ± 7.840.4370.4120.116
Central corneal thickness (μ)536.29 ± 51.68538.84 ± 34.52541.99 ± 33.210.4670.2780.654
  1. M male, F female; p1 p value of the comparison between Without DR and Background DR groups; p2 p value of the comparison between Without DR and Proliferative DR groups; p3 p value of the comparison between Background DR and Proliferative DR groups