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Table 4 Association of active trachoma and risk factors among pre-school children in rural Wadla district, northern Ethiopia, 2017

From: Prevalence and associations of active trachoma among rural preschool children in Wadla district, northern Ethiopia

Variables Trachoma (n = 596) OR (95% CI)
Presence (%) Absence (%) COR AOR
Type of house roof (observation)
 Clean iron 15 (11.5) 82 (17.6) 1.00 1.00
 Thatch iron 24 (18.5) 141 (30.3) 0.9(0.5–1.9) 0.9 (0.3–2.8)
 Clean grass 27 (20.8) 144 (30.9) 1.0(0.5–2.0) 0.7 (0.2–2.2)
 Thatch grass 64 (49.2) 99 (21.2) 3.5 (1.9–6.7) * 4.4 (1.4–13.6) *
Fly in a house or in nearby (observation)
 Yes 96(73.8) 206 (44.2) 3.6 (2.3–5.5) 4.6 (2.1–9.9) *
 No 34 (26.2) 260 (55.8) 1.00 1.00
Face washing frequency (self-report)
 Two and more times 9 (6.9) 99 (21.2) 1.00 1.00
 Once daily 2 (1.5) 77 (16.5) 0.3 (0.1–1.4) 0.2 (0.03–1.3)
 2 to 6 times per a week 15 (11.5) 134 (28.8) 1.2 (0.5–2.9) 1.366 (.365–5.114)
 Once weekly 63 (48.5) 104 (22.3) 6.7 (3.1–14.1) * 8.7 (2.6–29.3) *
 Unwashed for a week 41(31.5) 52 (11.2) 8.7 (3.9–19.2) * 10.6 (2.9–37.7) *
Soap for face washing(self-report)
 Used 26 (20) 238 (51.1) 1.00 1.00
 Not used 104 (80) 228 (48.9) 4.2 (2.6–6.7) *> 4.5 (1.8–11.3) *
Soap for hand washing(self-report)
 Used 35 (26.9) 219 (47.0) 1.00 1.00
 Not used 95(73.1) 247 (53.0) 2.4 (1.6–3.7) * 1.6 (0.8–3.6)
Household latrine (observation)
 Present 7 (21.2) 364 (78.1) 1.00 1.00
 Absent 26 (78.8) 102 (21.9) 2.0 (1.3–3.0) * 5.0 (2.0–12.9) *
Household waste around the house (observation)
 Exist 80(61.5) 214 (45.9) 1.9 (1.3–2.8) * 3.4 (1.6–7.6) *
 Not exist 50 (38.5) 252 (54.1) 1.00 1.00
Mothers educational status
 Unable to read and write 111 (85.4) 348 (74.7) 2.9 (1.3–6.6) * 0.8 (0.2–3.2)
 Able to read and write 12 (9.2) 53 (11.4) 2.1 (0.8–5.7) 0.3 (0.1–1.6)
 Attend formal education 7 (5.4) 65 (13.9) 1.00 1.00
Wealth index
 Poor 73 (56.2%) 101 (21.7) 4.6 (2.3–9.1) * 4.2 (1.5–12.0)
 Medium 45 (34.6%) 288 (61.8) 1.003 (.506–1.988) 0.5(0.2–1.4)
 Rich 12 (9.2%) 77(16.5) 1.000 1.00
MUAC of children
 Less than 13.9 81(62.3) 230 (49.4) 1.7 (1.1–2.52) * 1.3 (0.6–2.6)
 Greater than 14 49(37.7) 236 (50.6) 1.00 1.00
Age of children (in months)
 12–24 42 (32.3) 166 (35.6) 0.8 (0.5–1.3) 0.7 (0.3–1.8)
 25–36 14 (10.8) 88 (18.9) 0.5 (0.3–0.9) * 0.7(0.2–2.1)
 37–48 36 (27.7) 93 (20) 1.2 (0.7–2.1) 2.7(.1.0–7.2)
 49–59 38 (29.2) 119 (25.5) 1,00 1.00
Fathers education
 Unable to read and write 93 (71.5) 299 (64.2) 2.3 (1.1–4.7) * 1.4 (0.3–6.2)
 Able to read and write 28 (21.5) 102 (21.9) 1.9(0.9–4.5) 2.1 (0.5–9.7)
 Formal education 9 (6.9) 65 (13.9) 1.00 1.00
  1. * = p < 0.05