Skip to main content

Table 1 Demographic and social cognitive characteristics of study participants who provided both Stage 1 and Stage 2 baseline data, by allocated study arm

From: Effect of a tailored leaflet to promote diabetic retinopathy screening among young adults with type 2 diabetes: a randomised controlled trial

 Intervention (n = 67)Control (n = 62)
Baseline demographic and clinical characteristics
 Age, years35.0 (31.0–37.0)36.0 (33.8–37.3)
 Gender: women40 (60%)37 (60%)
 Country of birth: Australia41 (61%)43 (69%)
 Main language spoken at home: English57 (85%)51 (82%)
 Marital status: in a relationship44 (66%)39 (63%)
Education level:
 Secondary13 (20%)15 (24%)
 Trade or certificate25 (37%)24 (39%)
 Tertiary29 (43%)23 (37%)
Employment status: in paid employment37 (55%)40 (65%)
Socioeconomic status (SEIFA)#981.7 (73.8)998.4 (68.3)
Diabetes duration, years1.53 (2.11)1.48 (1.78)
Primary diabetes management:
 Lifestyle only10 (15%)16 (26%)
 Oral medication44 (66%)43 (69%)
 Insulin13 (19%)3 (5%)
 Family history of T2D: yes47 (70%)47 (76%)
 Total diabetes-related health checks (range 0–6)4.67 (1.31)4.60 (1.50)
 Health comorbidities, number1.79 (1.33)1.75 (1.45)
 Depressive symptoms (PHQ-2, range 0–6)2.67 (2.15)2.15 (1.98)
PRIMARY OUTCOME (engaged with retinal screening since diabetes diagnosis)
 Yes (‘engaged’)48 (72%)44 (71%)
 No (‘unengaged’)19 (28%)18 (29%)
SECONDARY OUTCOME VARIABLES (social cognitive determinants)
Knowledge
 Knowledge of diabetes/vision link (range 0–2)1.97 (0.18)1.94 (0.23)
 Knowledge of diabetic retinopathy (range 0–11)6.28 (2.20)6.66 (2.03)
 Knowledge of retinal screening (range 0–3)1.46 (0.56)1.48 (0.70)
Attitudes
 Retinal screening (range 11–55)46.19 (5.62)46.12 (7.31)
 Risk perception (range 4–28)13.23 (4.46)12.26 (4.27)
 Anticipated regret (range 6–42)24.73 (6.19)24.53 (6.65)
 Normative beliefs (range 2–14)13.41 (1.96)13.09 (2.29)
 Intention (range 3–21)18.31 (4.78)18.60 (5.29)
Behavioural skills
 Perceived behavioural control (range 6–30)23.58 (5.11)24.20 (5.27)
 Overcoming barriers (range 5–55)19.41 (4.25)19.75 (4.61)
  1. Data are mean (SD), number (%); age reported as median (IQR)
  2. #Socio-Economic Indexes For Areas scores are standardised against a mean of 1000; lower scores indicate disadvantage less than the national average abs.gov.au/websitedbs/censushome.nsf/home/seifa