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Table 2 Knowledge of pediatricians about childhood eye diseases

From: Knowledge, attitude and practice of Ethiopian pediatricians concerning childhood eye diseases

Characteristic Variable n (%)
Do you know of any signs of poor vision in children? No 63 (79.8)
Yes 16 (20.3)
Poor school performance 12 (15.2)
Nystagmus 2 (2.5)
Frequent eye rubbing or blinking 1 (1.3)
Head tilted to one side 1 (1.3)
Knowledge of WHO definition of blindness VA < 3/60 25 (31.6)
No light perception 20 (25.3)
Don’t know 22 (27.8)
VA < 6/60, but ≥3/60 12 (15.2)
Knowledge of ocular signs of vitamin A deficiency Bitot’s spots 66 (83.5)
Ocular xerosis 63 (79.7)
Keratomalacia 63 (79.7)
Night blindness 19 (24.1)
Knowledge of causes of leukocoria in children Retinoblastoma 76 (96.2)
Cataract 57 (72.2)
Retinopathy of prematurity 40 (50.6)
Retinal detachment 17 (21.5)
When to refer a child with leukocoria? Immediately 79 (100)
Is refractive error correctable? Yes 76 (96.2)
Don’t know 3 (3.8)
Ways of refractive error correction Spectacles 65 (82.3)
Surgery 39 (49.4)
Contact lens 38 (48.1)
Systemic illnesses in children associated with congenital cataracts TORCH syndrome 74 (93.7)
Metabolic disorder 20 (25.3)
Don’t know 2 (2.5)
Do you know about retinopathy of prematurity? Yes 77 (97.5)
No 2 (2.5)
What is the age to screen for retinopathy of prematurity? 4–6 weeks 67 (84.8)
Don’t know 7 (8.9)
6–12 months 5 (6.3)
Knowledge about presentation of congenital glaucoma Skipped the question 55 (69.6)
Buphthalmos(enlarged eye) 14 (17.7)
Lacrimation 13 (16.5)
Fear of light 5 (6.3)
Knowledge about complication of squint in children Loss of depth perception 76 (96.2)
Lazy eye 72 (91.1)
Social stigma 46 (58.2)
Knowledge of causes of tearing in infant Conjunctivitis 55 (69.6)
Nasolacrimal duct obstruction 46 (58.3)
Congenital glaucoma 27 (34.2)
Skipped the question 6 (7.6)
Foreign body 1 (1.3)
Knowledge about presenting signs of retinoblastoma Leukocoria 56 (70.9)
Proptosis 45 (57.0)
Skipped the question 8 (10.1)
Squint 3 (3.8)
Treatment of retinoblastoma Surgery 74 (93.7)
Chemotherapy 70 (88.6)
Radiation therapy 28 (35.4)
Not treatable 2 (2.5)
  1. VA visual acuity
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