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Table 2 Predictors of pterygium severity (based on corneal involvement) (n=94)

From: Characteristics and recurrence of pterygium in Saudi Arabia: a single center study with a long follow‐up

Factor Cornea spared Cornea involved β OR 95% CI P-value
Gender Male 37 (88.1) 33 (63.5)   1   
Female 5 (11.9) 19 (36.5) 1.449 4.261 1.431-12.687 0.009
Age groups <50 22 (52.4) 16 (30.8)   1   
50-70 17 (40.5) 25 (48.1) 0.704 2.022 0.829-4.930 0.122
>70 3 (7.1) 11 (21.2) 1.618 5.042 1.207-21.064 0.027
Smoking status Non-smoker 36 (85.7) 59 (96.2)   1   
Smoker 6 (14.3) 2 (3.8) -1.427 0.240 0.046-1258 0.091
BMI Underweight 1 (2.4) 2 (3.8)   1   
Normal 14 (33.3) 13 (25) -0.767 0.464 0.037-5.749 0.550
Overweight 17 (40.5) 16 (30.8) 0.754 0.471 0.039-5.708 0.554
Obese 10 (23.8) 21 (40.4) 0.049 1.050 0.085-12.995 0.970
Unilateral eye involvement 37 (88.1) 48 (92.3) 0.483 1.622 0.407-6.465 0.493
Dry eye disease 11 (26.2) 9 (17.3) -.528 0.590 0.218-1.595 0.298
Diabetes mellitus 12 (28.6) 19 (36.5) 0.369 1.439 0.600-3.455 0.415
Dyslipidemia 16 (38.1) 21 (40.4) 0.096 1.101 0.478-2.533 0.821
Hypertension 10 (23.8) 24 (46.2) 1.009 2.743 1.120-6.714 0.027
Location Nasal 37 (88.1) 50 (96.2)   1   
Temporal 5 (11.9) 2 (3.8) -1.217 0.296 0.054-1.611 0.159
  1. BMI Body mass index