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Table 2 Non-cycloplegic and cycloplegic refraction in the cyclopentolate group

From: A randomized clinical trial using cyclopentolate and tropicamide to compare cycloplegic refraction in Chinese young adults with dark irises

  Non-cycloplegic Cycloplegic Difference p-value
Autorefraction
 Sphere (D) −4.01 ± 2.26 −3.60 ± 2.38 0.40 ± 0.34 < 0.01*
 Cylinder (D) −0.77 ± 0.96(− 0.50) −0.79 ± 0.90(− 0.50) −0.02 ± 0.27(0.00) 0.311+
 Spherical Equivalent (D) −4.39 ± 2.37 −4.00 ± 2.49 0.39 ± 0.36 < 0.01*
Subjective refraction
 Sphere (D) −4.06 ± 2.22 −3.67 ± 2.38 0.39 ± 0.32 < 0.01*
 Cylinder (D) −0.62 ± 0.78(− 0.50) −0.61 ± 0.74(− 0.50) 0.02 ± 0.29(0.00) 0.446+
 Spherical Equivalent (D) −4.37 ± 2.31 −3.97 ± 2.50 0.40 ± 0.35 < 0.01*
  1. Values are presented as mean ± standard deviation or median
  2. *p-value by t-test; +p-value by Wilcoxon test