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Table 3 Non-cycloplegic and cycloplegic refraction in the tropicamide group

From: A randomized clinical trial using cyclopentolate and tropicamide to compare cycloplegic refraction in Chinese young adults with dark irises

  Non-cycloplegic Cycloplegic Difference p-value
Autorefraction
 Sphere (D) −3.98 ± 2.61 − 3.58 ± 2.76 0.40 ± 0.32 < 0.01*
 Cylinder (D) −0.83 ± 0.77(− 0.50) −0.84 ± 0.78(− 0.50) −0.01 ± 0.27(0.00) 0.677+
 Spherical equivalent (D) −4.39 ± 2.70 − 4.00 ± 2.86 0.39 ± 0.34 < 0.01*
Subjective refraction
 Sphere (D) −3.97 ± 2.59 −3.58 ± 2.78 0.39 ± 0.34 < 0.01*
 Cylinder (D) −0.71 ± 0.73(− 0.50) −0.71 ± 0.77(− 0.50) 0.00 ± 0.31(0.00) 0.543+
 Spherical equivalent (D) −4.33 ± 2.64 −3.93 ± 2.87 0.39 ± 0.38 < 0.01*
  1. Values are presented as mean ± standard deviation or median
  2. *p-value by t-test; +p-value by Wilcoxon test