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Table 1 Preoperative data of group A, B and C regarding UCVA, BCVA, MRSE, and refractive astigmatism

From: Correction of pre-existing astigmatism with phacoemulsification using toric intraocular lens versus spherical intraocular lens and wave front guided surface ablation

Preoperative Group A Group B Group C P- value
UCVA 1.02± 0.48(0.4:2) 1.09±0.52(0.04:2.08) 1±0.42(0.52:2) 0.91
BCVA 0.46±0.24(0.22:1) 0.36±0.12(0.22:0.7) 0.43±0.15(0.22:0.7) 0.11
MRSE -1.3±3.7(-9:5) -5.3± 5(-20.5:0.25) -2.8±3.5(-8:6) 0.15
Refractive Astigmatism 2.7±0.84 (1.25:4) 3.4±1.1 (1.5:5) 3±0.8 (1.75:4.5) 0.3