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Cataract and refractive surgery

Section edited by Choul Yong Park

This section takes submissions on the clinical and basic science aspects of cataracts, including diagnosis, treatment and prevention as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and genetics. The section also considers articles on all aspects of refractive surgery. Prospective clinical studies, especially randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    To compare different K readings in pseudophakic patients post-Descemet’s stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and evaluate corresponding prediction errors in intraocular lens (IOL) power calculati...

    Authors: Ke Xu, Hong Qi, Rongmei Peng, Gege Xiao, Jing Hong, Yansheng Hao and Boping Ma

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:268

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The characteristics of the target group and the design of an epidemiologic study, in particular the recruiting methods, can influence participation. People with vision impairment have unique characteristics be...

    Authors: Pedro Lima Ramos, Rui Santana, Laura Hernandez Moreno, Ana Patricia Marques, Cristina Freitas, Amandio Rocha-Sousa and Antonio Filipe Macedo

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:236

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  3. Content type: Research article

    A cataract is a common cause of vision impairment that requires surgery in older subjects. The Optical Quality Analysis System (OQAS, Visiometrics SL, Terrassa, Spain) assesses the optical quality of the eye i...

    Authors: Jin Sun Hwang, Yoon Pyo Lee, Seok Hyun Bae, Ha Kyoung Kim, Kayoung Yi and Young Joo Shin

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:231

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Cataract surgery in patients with keratoconus with or without previous penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) can be demanding due to difficulties in selecting the intraocular lens (IOL) and predicting the refractive ...

    Authors: Karin Allard and Madeleine Zetterberg

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:215

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Intraocular lenses (IOLs) with different diopter (D) intervals may have different tolerance, and may provide different accuracy of refractive outcome after cataract surgery. The aim of the study is to compare ...

    Authors: Minjung Kim, Youngsub Eom, Jong Suk Song and Hyo Myung Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:176

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  6. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate visual acuity, corneal astigmatism and corneal higher-order aberrations (HOAs) after implantation of trifocal diffractive IOLs operated with either a corneal steep-axis incision or 135° incision.

    Authors: Shasha Xue, Guiqiu Zhao, Xiaoni Yin, Jing Lin, Cui Li, Liting Hu, Lin Leng and Xuejiao Yang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:171

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  7. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate clinical factors affecting postoperative vaulting in eyes that had achieved optimal vaulting within the range of 250–750 μm following implantation of 12.6-mm V4c implantable collamer lenses (ICL).

    Authors: Hun Lee, David Sung Yong Kang, Jin Young Choi, Byoung Jin Ha, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo and Tae-im Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:163

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  8. Content type: Research article

    To determine postoperative refractive and visual outcomes and astigmatic changes after femtosecond laser astigmatic keratotomy in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS).

    Authors: Jing Wang, Jiangyue Zhao, Jun Xu and Jinsong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:161

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  9. Content type: Case report

    We report for the first time, a case of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) with implantation of a diffractive trifocal intraocular lens (IOL) after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK).

    Authors: Wei Wang, Shuang Ni, Xi Li, Xiang Chen, Yanan Zhu and Wen Xu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:160

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  10. Content type: Research article

    To compare the clinical outcomes of wavefront-optimized (WFO) transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (trans-PRK) and corneal wavefront-guided (CWFG) trans-PRK for myopic eyes with moderate to high astigma...

    Authors: Ikhyun Jun, David Sung Yong Kang, Samuel Arba-Mosquera, Jin Young Choi, Hyung Keun Lee, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo and Tae-im Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:154

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  11. Content type: Research article

    To investigate refractive outcomes and optical quality after implantation of posterior chamber phakic implantable collamer lens with a central hole (ICL V4c) to correct high myopia.

    Authors: Huamao Miao, Xun Chen, Mi Tian, Yingjun Chen, Xiaoying Wang and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:141

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  12. Content type: Research article

    High cataract incidence and low cataract surgical rate are serious public health problems in China, despite the fact that efficient day care cataract surgery has been implemented in some public Tertiary A hosp...

    Authors: Min Zhuang, Juan Cao, Minglan Cui, Songtao Yuan, Qinghuai Liu and Wen Fan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:134

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  13. Content type: Research article

    To compare the results between hydroimplantation of a single-piece, acrylic foldable toric intraocular lens (IOLs) and conventional implantation using an ophthalmic viscosurgical device (OVD).

    Authors: Yueqin Chen, Qian Cao, Chunyan Xue and Zhenping Huang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:109

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  14. Content type: Research article

    During cataract surgery, maintaining an adequate degree of mydriasis throughout the entire operation is critical to allow for visualisation of the capsulorhexis and the crystalline lens. Good anaesthesia is al...

    Authors: Keith Davey, Bernard Chang, Christine Purslow, Emilie Clay and Anne-Lise Vataire

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:104

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  15. Content type: Research article

    It was reported that lack of knowledge, less confidence of medical services, commute difficulties, and poor economic conditions would be the main barriers for cataract surgery practice. The influencing factors...

    Authors: Yi Xu, Jiangnan He, Senlin Lin, Bo Zhang, Jianfeng Zhu, Serge Resnikoff, Lina Lu and Haidong Zou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:102

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  16. Content type: Research article

    This study is aimed to screen out the microRNAs (miRNAs) associated with H2O2 induced oxidative stress in human lens epithelial B3 (HLE-B3) cell lines and investigate their relations with the progression of age-r...

    Authors: Song Wang, Chenjun Guo, Mengsi Yu, Xiaona Ning, Bo Yan, Jing Zhao, Angang Yang and Hong Yan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:93

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The present study aimed to evaluate the degree of anterior capsule contraction (capsulorhexis contraction) with three different single-piece, hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lenses (IOLs).

    Authors: Mihyun Choi, Marjorie Z. Lazo, Minji Kang, Jeehye Lee and Choun-Ki Joo

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:78

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  18. Content type: Research article

    Different enhancement procedures have been suggested for reduction of residual refractive errors after SMILE. The aim of this study is to evaluate an improved cap-preserving technique for enhancement after SMI...

    Authors: Ahmed N. Sedky, Sherine S. Wahba, Maged M. Roshdy and Nermeen R. Ayaad

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:49

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  19. Content type: Case report

    Postoperative endophthalmitis after cataract surgery is a severe eye infection that can lead to irreversible blindness in the affected eye. The characteristics, treatment and prognosis of this disease vary bec...

    Authors: Hong He, Xiaolian Chen, Hongshan Liu, Jiaochan Wu and Xingwu Zhong

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:47

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this cross-sectional study is to ascertain the prevalence and causes of blindness, visual impairment, uptake of cataract surgery among different ethnic groups in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Ch...

    Authors: Yanping Li, Wenyong Huang, Aoyun Qiqige, Hongwei Zhang, Ling Jin, Pula Ti, Jennifer Yip and Baixiang Xiao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:41

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  21. Content type: Study protocol

    Older drivers aged ≥70 years old have among the highest rates of motor vehicle collisions (MVC) compared to other age groups. Driving is a highly visual task, and older adults have a high prevalence of vision ...

    Authors: Cynthia Owsley, Gerald McGwin Jr, Jonathan F. Antin, Joanne M. Wood and Jennifer Elgin

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:32

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  22. Content type: Research article

    With increasing availability of toric intraocular lenses (IOL) for cataract surgery, real-world refractive outcome data is needed to aid the counselling of patients regarding lens choice. We aim to assess the ...

    Authors: Kanmin Xue, Jasleen K. Jolly, Sonia P. Mall, Shreya Haldar, Paul H. Rosen and Robert E. MacLaren

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:30

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Cataracts occur earlier among HIV-infected adults and this is attributed to various intraocular inflammatory processes that result in early degeneration. In this study we purposed to investigate whether HIV in...

    Authors: Juliet Otiti-Sengeri, Robert Colebunders, Steven J. Reynolds, Musa Muwonge, Getrude Nakigozi, Valerian Kiggundu, Fred Nalugoda and Damalie Nakanjako

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:12

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  24. Content type: Research article

    To determine alignment of proposed international standard outcomes sets for ophthalmic conditions to metrics currently reported by eye hospitals.

    Authors: Monica Michelotti, Dirk F. de Korne, Jennifer S. Weizer, Paul P. Lee, Declan Flanagan, Simon P. Kelly, Anne Odergren, Sukhpal S. Sandhu, Charity Wai, Niek Klazinga, Aravind Haripriya, Joshua D. Stein and Melanie Hingorani

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:269

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  25. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the effects of combined corneal wavefront-guided transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (tPRK) and accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) after intracorneal ring segment (ICRS) im...

    Authors: Hun Lee, David Sung Yong Kang, Byoung Jin Ha, Jin Young Choi, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo and Tae-im Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:270

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Incision size plays a critical role in the efficacy of cataract surgery, but the available evidence on ideal incision size is inconsistent. In this study, we conducted a meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy ...

    Authors: Lijun Wang, Xiao Xiao, Lin Zhao, Yi Zhang, Jianming Wang, Aiyi Zhou, Jianchao Wang and Qian Wu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:267

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  27. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the effect of different adjustments of the refractive outcome of the first eye according to corneal power (K) in order to improve the intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation of the second eye in t...

    Authors: Young Choi, Youngsub Eom, Jong Suk Song and Hyo Myung Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:261

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Cataract is the leading cause of blindness in developing countries and identification of the barriers to accessing treatment is essential for developing appropriate public healthcare interventions. To evaluate...

    Authors: Gabriel de Almeida Ferreira, Luisa Fioravanti Schaal, Marcela Dadamos Ferro, Antonio Carlos Lottelli Rodrigues, Rajiv Khandekar and Silvana Artioli Schellini

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:259

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