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Cataract and refractive surgery

This section takes submissions on the clinical and basic science aspects of cataracts, including diagnosis, treatment and prevention as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and genetics. The section also considers articles on all aspects of refractive surgery. Prospective clinical studies, especially randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. To analyze whether corneal refractive surgery (CRS) is associated with the distribution of different accommodative dysfunctions (ADs) and binocular dysfunctions (BDs) in civilian pilots. A further aim was to a...

    Authors: Ye Wu, Zhen Zhang, Meng Liao, Qi Li, Xue Lin Tang and Longqian Liu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:95

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. To investigate the distribution of corneal astigmatism, aberration, and biometric parameters in Chinese congenital cataract (CC) /developmental cataract patients before cataract surgery.

    Authors: Xiaoyan Han, Qi Fan, Zhixiang Hua, Xiaodi Qiu, Dongjin Qian and Jin Yang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:34

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The use of capsular tension ring (CTR) implantation to treat cataract patients with weak zonules is still controversial. The aim of this study was to examine the effects of CTR implantation on capsular stabili...

    Authors: Shangfei Yang, Hui Jiang, Kailai Nie, Liwen Feng and Wei Fan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:19

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  4. Ultrasound cycloplasty (UCP) is a non-invasive procedure for glaucoma treatment. Using high-intensity focused ultrasound to work on the ciliary body, the generation of aqueous humor can be reduced and the drai...

    Authors: Jihan Luo, Zhen Liu, Lin Zhao, Yi Zhou, Li Kong and Yang Sun

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:16

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  5. A prospective cohort study was performed to evaluate whether the Optical Quality Analysis System (OQAS) can serve as a valuable additional indicator for appropriate posterior capsulotomy referral.

    Authors: Bo Lu, Weijie Zhu, Yu Fan, Dong Shi and Liwei Ma

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:7

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Vision loss is a major public health concern that significantly affects developing countries, including South Africa. Although existing literature have reported on the prevalence, causes, and impact of vision ...

    Authors: Emmanuel Kofi Addo, Kwadwo Owusu Akuffo, Ronel Sewpaul, Natisha Dukhi, Eldad Agyei-Manu, Akosua Kesewah Asare, David Ben Kumah, Moses Awuni and Priscilla Reddy

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:1

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. We have generated two mouse models, in one by inserting the human lens αAN101D transgene in CRYαAN101D mice, and in the other by inserting human wild-type αA-transgene in CRYαAWT mice. The CRYαAN101D mice develop...

    Authors: Om Srivastava, Kiran Srivastava, Roy Joseph and Landon Wilson

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:484

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The purpose of this study was to investigate the agreement of lens thickness (LT) measurements made by contact A-scan ultrasonography and Lenstar LS900 as well as the influence of anterior chamber depth (ACD) ...

    Authors: Jiayi Xu, Chen Li, Lijun Wang, Caixin Li, Xin Li and Peirong Lu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:481

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Generally, the loss rate of human endothelial cells (HCEC) in routine cataract surgery is 8.5%. When the corneal endothelial cells density (ECD) drops, the HCEC may decompensate to keep cornea dehydration whic...

    Authors: Fang-Chi Hsiao, Hung-Ta Chen, Kuan-Jen Chen, Yi-Jen Hsueh, Yaa-Jyuhn James Meir, Tsai-Te Lu, Chao-Min Cheng, Wei-Chi Wu and Hung-Chi Chen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:480

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  10. To compare the efficiency of preloaded vs manually loaded IOL (P-IOL vs M-IOL, respectively) delivery systems in cataract surgery in the largest ambulatory surgery center of Northwestern China.

    Authors: Yazhen Wu, Hong Yan and Weijia Yan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:469

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. To prospectively evaluate surgical results following implantation of rotationally asymmetric, plate-haptic, refractive segmented multifocal toric intraocular lenses (IOLs) with near addition of + 1.5 diopters ...

    Authors: Tetsuro Oshika, Kazuno Negishi, Toru Noda, Hiroyuki Arai, Mikio Inamura, Yasushi Inoue, Teruyuki Miyoshi, Yoshifumi Fujita, Kazunori Miyata and Yumi Hasegawa

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:454

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  12. Currently, there is no standard technique for determining corneal astigmatism. The iTrace wavefront aberrometry of cornea calculated steep power and axis based on the best Zernike mathematical fit from all top...

    Authors: Zhe Zhang, Hui Li, Jing Zhou, Yaqin Zhang and Suhua Zhang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:450

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Aiming at spectacle independence, conventional pseudophakic monovision has been widely used in myopia patients with bilateral monofocal intraocular lens implantation. However, the crossed monovision, which is ...

    Authors: Yan Xun, Wenjuan Wan, Lu Jiang and Ke Hu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:447

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. The quality of life can be impacted negatively by blindness arising from cataract. The total prevalence of blindness in Kenya is estimated at 0.7%, however cataract contributes almost half (43%) of the total b...

    Authors: Shadrack Muma and Stephen Obonyo

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:401

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  15. Side effects of the systemic drugs used to treat eyes are not common. Triplixam is used to treat systemic hypertension and contains amlodipine, indapamide and perindopril arginine as active ingredients which m...

    Authors: Ruta Jaruseviciene and Ginte Sirvydyte

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:375

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  16. The last visual survey of older adults in Hong Kong was a district-level study in 2002, with no assessment of behavioral and medical risk factors for visual impairment (VI). Our objectives were to determine th...

    Authors: Perseus Wing-Fu WONG, Jordy Kin-Pong LAU, Bonnie Nga-Kwan CHOY, Kendrick Co SHIH, Alex Lap-Ki NG, Ian Yat-Hin WONG and Jonathan Cheuk-Hung CHAN

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:372

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. Congenital cataract (CC) is a significant cause of lifelong visual loss, and its genetic diagnosis is challenging due to marked genetic heterogeneity. The purpose of this article is to report the genetic findi...

    Authors: Fan Fan, Yi Luo, Jihong Wu, Chao Gao, Xin Liu, Hengjun Mei and Xiyue Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:361

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. The measurement of the pupillary function is an indispensable test in some eye examinations, being necessary the evaluation of the precision of instruments performing such measures. The aim of this study was t...

    Authors: David P. Piñero, Dolores de Fez, Inmaculada Cabezos, Alberto López-Navarro, María T. Caballero and Vicente J. Camps

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:354

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Inaccurate biometry can lead to the wrong intraocular lens implantation and result in refractive surprise following cataract surgery. It is important to be sceptical of biometry results that do not match the r...

    Authors: Francis Carr and Vinod Gangwani

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:352

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  20. This study aimed to evaluate the relative position of the central hole (CH) of EVO Implantable Collamer Lens (EVO-ICL), the pupil center (CP), and the corneal center (CC) after implantation of EVO-ICLs for modera...

    Authors: Xiaojian He, Lingling Niu, Huamao Miao, Feng Zhao and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:305

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a serious symptom associated with diabetes and could cause much suffer to patients. MiR-221, SIRT1 and Nrf2 were associated with apoptosis and proliferation and their expression we...

    Authors: Bin Chen, Li Wu, Ting Cao, Hong-Mei Zheng and Tao He

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:300

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. Despite the surge in the number of cataract surgeries, there is limited information available regarding the influence of pupil dilation on predicted postoperative refraction and its comparison with recommended...

    Authors: Takeshi Teshigawara, Akira Meguro and Nobuhisa Mizuki

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:299

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. With the difficulties in IOL power calculation and the potential side effects occurring postoperatively, multifocal IOL implantation after previous corneal refractive surgery are rarely reported especially for...

    Authors: Qiu-Mei Li, Feng Wang, Zhe-Ming Wu, Zhen Liu, Chuan Zhan, Bing-Heng Chen, Jing Sima, Knut Stieger and Shao-Wei Li

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:293

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. With the popularity of blue-rich light-emitting diode (LED)-backlit display devices, our eyes are now exposed to more short-wavelength blue light than they were in the past. The goal of this study was to inves...

    Authors: Yamin Wang, Min Zhang, Ying Sun, Xiaohui Wang, Zhaowei Song, Huazhang Li, Kexin Liu and Zhijian Li

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:289

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. To investigate the 3-month postoperative performance and safety after implantation of a trifocal intraocular lens (IOL) in a Korean population.

    Authors: Tae-im Kim, Tae-Young Chung, Myoung Joon Kim, Kyounghwa Lee and Joon Young Hyon

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:288

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. To investigate the biomechanical properties of the cornea in myopic eyes using corneal visualization Scheimpflug technology (Corvis ST). The relationships between the biomechanical properties of the cornea and...

    Authors: A-Yong Yu, Hui Shao, Anpeng Pan, Qinmei Wang, Zixu Huang, Benhao Song, Colm McAlinden, Jinhai Huang and Sisi Chen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:279

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. A larger optical zone for photorefractive keratectomy may improve optical quality and stability. However, there is need for limiting ablation diameter in that a larger ablation diameter requires greater ablati...

    Authors: Dae Hwan Shin, Yong Woo Lee, Ji Eun Song and Chul Young Choi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:270

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. A recent Genome-wide association meta-analysis (GWAS) of refractive error reported shared genetics with anthropometric traits such as height, BMI and obesity. To explore a potential relationship with refractiv...

    Authors: Alison Bruce, Neema Ghorbani Mojarrad and Gillian Santorelli

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:269

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Cataract surgery is one of the most frequently performed types of surgery. Most patients suffer from bilateral cataract and while cataract surgery of only one eye is effective in restoring functional vision, s...

    Authors: L. S. Spekreijse, R. W. P. Simons, B. Winkens, F. J. H. M. van den Biggelaar, C. D. Dirksen and R. M. M. A. Nuijts

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:257

    Content type: Study protocol

    Published on:

  30. Reducing refractive error has always been a tricky problem. The aim of this study was to verify the correlation between binocular refractive error (RE) after sequential cataract surgery and explore an individu...

    Authors: Pengcheng Zhang, Yuhuan Yang, Hong Yan, Jie Zhang and Weijia Yan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:237

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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