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Cataract and refractive surgery

Section edited by Choul Yong Park

This section takes submissions on the clinical and basic science aspects of cataracts, including diagnosis, treatment and prevention as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and genetics. The section also considers articles on all aspects of refractive surgery. Prospective clinical studies, especially randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Cataract surgery is one of the most frequently performed types of surgery. Most patients suffer from bilateral cataract and while cataract surgery of only one eye is effective in restoring functional vision, s...

    Authors: L. S. Spekreijse, R. W. P. Simons, B. Winkens, F. J. H. M. van den Biggelaar, C. D. Dirksen and R. M. M. A. Nuijts

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:257

    Content type: Study protocol

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  2. Reducing refractive error has always been a tricky problem. The aim of this study was to verify the correlation between binocular refractive error (RE) after sequential cataract surgery and explore an individu...

    Authors: Pengcheng Zhang, Yuhuan Yang, Hong Yan, Jie Zhang and Weijia Yan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:237

    Content type: Research article

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  3. To evaluate laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) outcomes, subjective quality of vision (QoV) and patient satisfaction in eyes with very high myopia (VHM) above − 10.00 diopters (D).

    Authors: Avi Wallerstein, Joseph Wai Keung Kam, Mathieu Gauvin, Eser Adiguzel, Mounir Bashour, Ananda Kalevar and Mark Cohen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:234

    Content type: Research article

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  4. This multicentre, retro-prospective real-world study evaluated the visual, refractive and safety outcomes of a monofocal lens 1 year after implantation in cataract patients with or without pre-existing ocular ...

    Authors: Björn Johansson, Ana C. S. Daniel, Claudia Herbers, Matthias Gerl and Florian T. A. Kretz

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:224

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) has been reported to reduce phacoemulsification time and energy compared to the manual phacoemulsification technique. This technique has been used in several...

    Authors: Pei-Wei Huang, Wei-Hsuan Huang, Yuan-Che Tai and Chi-Chin Sun

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:218

    Content type: Case report

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  6. The standard approach to treat cataracts is Delayed Sequential Bilateral Cataract Surgery (DSBCS), during which patients have a separate operation date for each eye. An alternative method of delivery is Immedi...

    Authors: Eunkyung Lee, Bagishan Balasingam, Emily C. Mills, Mehran Zarei-Ghanavati and Christopher Liu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:210

    Content type: Research article

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  7. A major focus of toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation is the rotational stability, especially in the patients with long axial length (AL). In this study, we aimed to evaluate the clinical outcomes after i...

    Authors: Suhong He, Xiang Chen, Xingdi Wu, Yajuan Ma, Xuewen Yu and Wen Xu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:204

    Content type: Research article

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  8. To evaluate the clinical outcomes of bilateral mix-and-match implantation of diffractive multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) with different add powers.

    Authors: Jae Hyuck Lee, Hun Lee, Jin Ah. Lee, Aeri Yoo, Jae Yong Kim and Hungwon Tchah

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:193

    Content type: Research article

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  9. To compare the outcomes of myopia and myopic astigmatism corrected with topography-modified refraction laser in situ keratomileusis (TMR-LASIK), wavefront-optimized (WFO) LASIK, and topography-guided (TG) LASI...

    Authors: Jaeryung Kim, Sung-Ho Choi, Dong Hui Lim, Gil-Joong Yoon and Tae-Young Chung

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:192

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Presbyopia is a decline in the amplitude of accommodation with the onset in the age range 40–45 years affecting near visual task performance. As the age of presbyopia onset coincides with productive age, it re...

    Authors: Minychil Bantihun Munaw, Balcha Negese Kebede and Nebiyat Feleke Adimassu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:188

    Content type: Research article

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  11. In the present study, we aimed to analyze the effects of cataract surgery using a 1.8-mm steep-axis clear corneal incision (CCI) on the posterior corneal surfaces based on the keratometry from the rotating Sch...

    Authors: Xi Li, Xiang Chen, Suhong He and Wen Xu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:187

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The formation of fluid-filled microvacuoles, termed glistenings, is a common complication of intraocular lenses (IOLs) made from hydrophobic acrylate. Using our well-established in-vitro laboratory method, we ...

    Authors: Timur M. Yildirim, Hui Fang, Sonja K. Schickhardt, Qiang Wang, Patrick R. Merz and Gerd U. Auffarth

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:186

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Axenfeld-Rieger syndrome (ARS) is a congenital disease with a series of developmental abnormalities, and no case of ARS with cataract and small cornea has been reported in previous studies. In the present repo...

    Authors: Yajuan Ma, Xingdi Wu, Shuang Ni, Xiang Chen, Suhong He and Wen Xu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:148

    Content type: Case report

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  14. We aimed to compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements by a dynamic Scheimpflug analyzer (Corvis ST), a non-contact tonometer, and an ocular response analyzer after hyperopic small-incision lenticule ...

    Authors: Dan Fu, Meiyan Li, Michael C. Knorz, Shengsheng Wei, Jianmin Shang and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:129

    Content type: Research article

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  15. To evaluate the differences between the predicted and achieved lenticule thickness (ΔLT) after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) surgery and investigate relationships between ΔLT and predicted lentic...

    Authors: Fang Wu, Houfa Yin, Xinyi Chen and Yabo Yang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:110

    Content type: Research article

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  16. To measure the microcirculation change of macula and optic nerve head before and after femtosecond laser assisted laser in situ keratomileusis.

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Jianqing Lan, Dan Cao, Cheng Yang, Dawei Yang, Wenjuan Xie and Jin Zeng

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:107

    Content type: Research article

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  17. In diabetic eyes, various choroidal abnormalities are noted in addition to changes in the retinal circulation, and the risk of increased aqueous flare and retinal thickening after cataract surgery is higher in...

    Authors: Yasuko Ikegami, Miyuki Takahashi and Kana Amino

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:102

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The current study compared optical quality before and after implantation of a posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens with a central hole [V4c implantable collamer lens (ICL)] under bright and dark lighting ...

    Authors: Tianrui He, Yi Zhu and Jibo Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:82

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Cataract surgery in diabetics is more technically challenging due to a number of factors including poor intraoperative pupil dilation and a higher risk of vision threatening complications. This study evaluates...

    Authors: Marc Labetoulle, Anders Behndig, Marie-José Tassignon, Rudy Nuijts, Rita Mencucci, José Luis Güell, Uwe Pleyer, Jacek Szaflik, Paul Rosen, Alain Bérard, Frédéric Chiambaretta and Béatrice Cochener-Lamard

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:81

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) after cataract surgery is influenced by intraocular lens (IOL) design and material. The following is an ex vivo comparison of PCO between the Clareon vs. the AcrySof IOL i...

    Authors: Anna Hillenmayer, Christian M. Wertheimer, Stefan Kassumeh, Annabel von Studnitz, Nikolaus Luft, Andreas Ohlmann, Siegfried Priglinger and Wolfgang J. Mayer

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:77

    Content type: Research article

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  21. It is well known that the biomechanical properties change after LASIK refractive surgery. One reason is the impact of flap creation on the residual stroma. The results have revealed that the change is closely ...

    Authors: Lihua Fang, Yan Wang, Ruizhi Yang, Sijing Deng, Jiahao Deng and Linsun Wan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Corneal densitometry, which is also known as corneal backscattering, is a surrogate measure of corneal clarity. The purpose of the study was to investigate the changes in corneal densitometry (CD) after implan...

    Authors: Xun Chen, Yang Shen, Haipeng Xu, Xiaoying Wang and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:50

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Older drivers have a crash rate nearly equal to that of young drivers whose crash rate is the highest among all age groups. Contrast sensitivity impairment is common in older adults. The purpose of this study ...

    Authors: Cynthia Owsley, Thomas Swain, Rong Liu, Gerald McGwin Jr and Mi Young Kwon

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:47

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Optical quality and macular thickness changing optical quality is rarely reported after femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS). In current research, we evaluated optical quality recovery and disti...

    Authors: Yong Wang, Jinling Zhang, Miaomiao Qin, Jianguo Miao, Wei Chen, Yemeng Huang, Jian Wu, Yu Guan and Huaijin Guan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Accurate measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) after corneal refractive surgery is of great significance to clinic, and comparisons among various IOP measuring instruments are not rare, but there is a lack...

    Authors: Hui Zhang, Zhengtao Sun, Lin Li, Ran Sun and Haixia Zhang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:23

    Content type: Research article

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  26. We report a case of uveitis–glaucoma–hyphema (UGH) syndrome in a highly myopic pseudophakic eye with seemingly normal positioning of a two-haptic intraocular lens (IOL).

    Authors: Yu Du, Xiangjia Zhu, Jin Yang, Yinglei Zhang, Lei Cai and Yi Lu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:22

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  27. To elucidate whether eyelid squinting improves near and distance vision in against-the-rule (ATR) and with-the-rule (WTR) simple myopic astigmatism in pseudophakic eyes.

    Authors: Jay Won Rhim, Youngsub Eom, Seo Yeon Park, Su-Yeon Kang, Jong Suk Song and Hyo Myung Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:4

    Content type: Research article

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  28. To compare the visual and refractive outcomes of femtosecond laser assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) using Victus platform (Technolas Bausch and Lomb (B&L), Munich, Germany) and conventional phacoemulsificatio...

    Authors: Mohamed Shafik Shaheen, Amir AbouSamra, Hany Ahmed Helaly, Amr Said and Ahmed Elmassry

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:1

    Content type: Research article

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  29. Uncorrected refractive errors contribute enormously to the burden of avoidable visual impairment worldwide. There is a huge disparity in different parts of the globe in context to spectacle coverage for distan...

    Authors: Sumit Malhotra, Mani Kalaivani, Ramashankar Rath, Manya Prasad, Praveen Vashist, Noopur Gupta, Suraj Singh Senjam and Sanjeev Kumar Gupta

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:252

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. To compare the changes in the anterior segment after femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) using a dual rotating Scheimpflug (DRS) analyzer (Galile...

    Authors: Bu Ki Kim, Su Joung Mun, Young Hoon Yang, Ji Sun Kim, Jun Hyung Moon and Young Taek Chung

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:251

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. To report a modified surgical technique for intrascleral intraocular lens (IOL) fixation with fewer anterior segment manipulations in eyes lacking sufficient capsular support.

    Authors: Yuan Yang, Teng-teng Yao, Ya-li Zhou, Yi-xiao Wang and Zhao-yang Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:234

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Hypocalcemia is a derangement in serum calcium level due to a vast spectrum of disorders, but the most common cause is surgery, usually thyroid gland surgery. Symptoms of hypocalcemia can be due to increased n...

    Authors: Kumale Tolesa Daba, Dagmawit Kifle Weldemichael and Gersam Abera Mulugeta

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:233

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  33. To determine the accuracy of the T2 formula as applied to highly myopic eyes, to compare the T2 formula to the SRK/T and Holladay 1 formulas, and to describe possible ways to improve the estimation of corneal ...

    Authors: Carlos Alberto Idrobo-Robalino, Gisella Santaella and Ángela María Gutiérrez

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:222

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. The signaling pathway of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is regulated by c-Src kinase in many cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of c-Src kinase on EMT of human lens epi...

    Authors: Xingyu Li, Fang Wang, Meixia Ren, Minjuan Du and Jian Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:219

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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