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Cataract and refractive surgery

Section edited by Choul Yong Park

This section takes submissions on the clinical and basic science aspects of cataracts, including diagnosis, treatment and prevention as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and genetics. The section also considers articles on all aspects of refractive surgery. Prospective clinical studies, especially randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. The signaling pathway of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is regulated by c-Src kinase in many cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of c-Src kinase on EMT of human lens epi...

    Authors: Xingyu Li, Fang Wang, Meixia Ren, Minjuan Du and Jian Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:219

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. Opacification of hydrophobic and hydrophilic intraocular lenses (IOLs) has been reported. Herein, we report a case of spontaneous resolution of opacification following acute clouding of a trifocal IOL, which c...

    Authors: Tao Zhang, Shaowei Li, Chang Liu, Ruihua Zhao, Chenghe Chang and Na Han

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:208

    Content type: Case report

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  3. To compare the visual and refractive outcomes after myopic LASEK using three different excimer lasers and standardized surgical and mitomycin C (MMC) application protocols.

    Authors: Isabel Rodríguez-Pérez, Juan Gros-Otero, Miguel A. Teus, Rafael Cañones and Montserrat García-González

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:205

    Content type: Research article

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  4. To evaluate the correlating and predicting factors of visual outcome after implantation of newly developed diffractive quadrifocal intraocular lens (IOL).

    Authors: Chia-Yi Lee, Jing-Yang Huang, Chi-Chin Sun, Shun-Fa Yang, Hung-Chi Chen and Hung-Yu Lin

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

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  5. To evaluate the clinical outcomes of extended depth of focus (EDOF) and monofocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) that share identical aspheric platform and compare their visual acuity tolerance to postoperative ref...

    Authors: Hyeck-Soo Son, Seong Ho Kim, Gerd U. Auffarth and Chul Young Choi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:187

    Content type: Research article

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  6. To compare and correlate anterior segment measurements of myopic eyes implanted with Implantable Collamer lens (ICL V4c) by using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), Pentacam and ultrasound...

    Authors: Ting Wan, Houfa Yin, Yi Yang, Fang Wu, Zhiyi Wu and Yabo Yang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:182

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  7. In this analysis, we aimed to systematically compare the complications which were associated with femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) versus the conventional phacoemulsification surgery (CPE).

    Authors: Jinhua Wang, Fanfan Su, Yong Wang, Yao Chen, Qiao Chen and Fen Li

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:177

    Content type: Research article

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  8. This report describes a case in which hyperopic femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) was performed following small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) lenticule in situ implantation.

    Authors: Jing Zhao, Jianmin Shang, Lingling Niu, Haipeng Xu, Dong Yang, Yu Zhao, Dan Fu and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:176

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  9. To investigate the long-term outcomes and complications of scleral-fixated intraocular lens (SFIOL) implantation without conjunctival peritomies and sclerotomy in patients with a history of ocular trauma with ...

    Authors: Han Zhao, Wanpeng Wang, Zhengping Hu and Baihua Chen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:164

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Evaluation of clinical outcome in cohorts with versus without simultaneous implantation of a capsular tension ring (CTR) and a toric lens (Tecnis Toric). Main parameter was rotation referring - in contrast to ...

    Authors: Ursula Hahn, Frank Krummenauer, Stefanie Schmickler and Jörg Koch

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:143

    Content type: Research article

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  11. This study compares the clinical outcomes of femtosecond laser small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for the correction of myopia and myopic astigmatism greater than − 10 D, and − 10 D or less respectively.

    Authors: Bing Qin, Jing Zhao, Meiyan Li, Peijun Yao and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:138

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Anterior megalophthalmos is a rare congenital disease which mainly features enlargement of the anterior segment. Cataract surgeries in anterior megalophthalmos can be challenging due to the anatomical anomalie...

    Authors: Ao Miao, Keke Zhang, Jifeng Yu, Wenwen He, Yi Lu and Xiangjia Zhu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:122

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  13. High myopia with shallow anterior chamber depth (ACD less than 2.8 mm) is not rare. This observational study aims to evaluate visual outcomes after implantation of the Visian Implantable Collamer Lens with a c...

    Authors: Lingling Niu, Huamao Miao, Tian Han, Lan Ding, Xiaoying Wang and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:121

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  14. The present study aims to investigate an automated qualitative and quantitative assessment system (Automated Quantification of After-Cataract [AQUA II]) of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) in high-resolut...

    Authors: Martin Kronschläger, Hannes Siegl, Axel Pinz, Christoph Feichtenhofer, Wolf Buehl, Nino Hirnschall and Oliver Findl

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:114

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Femtosecond laser–assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK) can make ultra-thin corneal flap accurately. MEL 90 excimer laser provides Triple-A ablation mode, which significantly reduces the amount of corneal tissue cutting. ...

    Authors: Kai Li, Chuan-Wei Zhang, De-Jian Hong, Jing Wu and Yi-Shuo Yao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:107

    Content type: Research article

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  16. To present the follow-up outcomes of a modified technique of transscleral suture fixation of posterior chamber intraocular lens (PCIOL) in eyes with inadequate capsule support.

    Authors: Shuang Ni, Wei Wang, Xiang Chen, Xingdi Wu, Suhong He, Yajuan Ma and Wen Xu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:105

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Lens-induced myopization in guinea pigs has been used as model for the process of myopization in humans. It has not been explored yet whether the change in globe shape in eyes undergoing myopization is similar...

    Authors: Li Dong, Xu Han Shi, Yi Kun Kang, Wen Bin Wei, Ya Xing Wang and Jost B. Jonas

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:102

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  18. The study aimed to assess the role of intraoperative mitomycin-C (MMC) application during hyperopic LASIK correction (+ 1.00 D to + 6.00 D) by examining topographic corneal changes and incidence of regression ...

    Authors: Ehab M. Moawad, Ahmed A. Abd Elghany, Amr A. Gab-Alla, Osama M. Elbassiouny and Mohsen S. Badawy

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:93

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  19. Small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) are frequently used to treat myopia. However, little is known about the impact on recovery of these ...

    Authors: Ting Liu, Guanting Lu, Kaijian Chen, Qiuxia Kan and Ji Bai

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:88

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  20. The study compares the wave-front aberration and corneal asphericity from multiple perspectives after Small Incision Lenticule Extraction and Laser-assisted Subepithelial Keratomileusis for mild to moderate my...

    Authors: Manrong Yu, Minjie Chen, Wangyuan Liu and Jinhui Dai

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:80

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. To compare the clinical performance of bifocal and trifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) in cataract surgery, a meta-analysis on randomized controlled trials was conducted.

    Authors: Shanshan Jin, David S. Friedman, Kai Cao, Mayinuer Yusufu, Jingshang Zhang, Jinda Wang, Simeng Hou, Guyu Zhu, Bingsong Wang, Ying Xiong, Jing Li, Xiaoxia Li, Hailong He and Xiuhua Wan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:78

    Content type: Research article

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  22. This study aimed to investigate the completion rate, visual performance, and adverse outcomes of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) in Chinese patients.

    Authors: Xiaobo Zhang, Yinhui Yu, Guangbin Zhang, Yanwen Zhou, Guangyu Zhao, Maosheng Chen, Yong Wang, Siquan Zhu, Hong Zhang and Ke Yao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:77

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  23. To evaluate the 6-month clinical outcomes of Flexivue Microlens refractive corneal inlay in emmetropic patients in Asia for the surgical compensation of presbyopia.

    Authors: Gyule Han, Dong Hui Lim, Chan Min Yang, Gil Ho Park, Dae-Young Park, Hyun Seung Moon, Jae Myung Lee, Jong Ho Lee and Tae-Young Chung

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:66

    Content type: Research article

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  24. To evaluate the effects of anterior capsular opening size on deviation from predicted refraction and the effective position of the intraocular lens (ELP) in cataract surgery.

    Authors: Shixu Li, Yiping Hu, Ran Guo, Yushuang Shao, Jiangyue Zhao, Jinsong Zhang and Jing Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:59

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. Cataract patients were always excluded from studies on ageing of colour vision; thus, effect of age-related cataracts on deterioration of colour perception has not been analysed. In present study, impacts of a...

    Authors: Mingxin Ao, Xuemin Li, Weiqiang Qiu, Zhiqiang Hou, Jie Su and Wei Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:56

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. This study sought to compare the visual quality between intraocular collamer lens (EVO-ICL) implantation and small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and determine the appropriate surgical method to treat p...

    Authors: Qin Qin, Lianyun Bao, Liping Yang, Zifang He and Zhenping Huang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:21

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. To compare the protective effects of the histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) β-hydroxybutyrate (βOHB), trichostatin A (TSA), suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) and valproic acid (VPA) on human lens epi...

    Authors: Xiaodi Qiu, Xianfang Rong, Jin Yang and Yi Lu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:42

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Few studies have investigated the prevalence of refractive error (RE) in older adults in China, and most have focused on East China. Our study determined the prevalence and risk factors of RE in Han and Yi adu...

    Authors: Meng Wang, Jiantao Cui, Guangliang Shan, Xia Peng, Li Pan, Zhimei Yan, Jie Zhang, Yong Zhong and Jin Ma

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:33

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. To evaluate the accuracy of biometric measurements by a swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS–OCT) based biometry for intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation.

    Authors: Youngju An, Eun-Kyoung Kang, Hyojin Kim, Min-Ji Kang, Yong-Soo Byun and Choun-Ki Joo

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:30

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. The complete disassembly of nuclear is the most challenging step in hard cataract surgery through microincision. The classic phaco chop technique often does not succeed, resulting in incomplete nuclear segment...

    Authors: Ding Chen, Qunwu Tang, Fang Yu, Xueting Cai and Fan Lu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:20

    Content type: Technical advance

    Published on:

  31. Of the 10 patients with adenoviral type 54 keratoconjunctivitis examined at Nojima Hospital, 2 developed stellate keratitis and mutton-fat keratic precipitates (KPs) following acute symptoms.

    Authors: Kazuki Matsuura, Yuki Terasaka, Eiichi Uchio, Yusuke Saeki, Tsuguto Fujimoto, Nozomu Hanaoka, Dai Miyazaki and Yoshitsugu Inoue

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:7

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  32. The optical density of the cornea can be evaluated quantitatively by “densitometry” using a rotating Scheimpflug camera. Densitometry allows evaluation of corneal opacity in the anterior segment of the eye by ...

    Authors: Sho Ishikawa, Naoko Kato and Masaru Takeuchi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:334

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Cataract surgery with pseudophakic mini-monovision has lower out-of-pocket patient expense than premium multifocal intraocular lenses (IOL). The purpose of this study was to evaluate patient-reported satisfact...

    Authors: Debora Goetz Goldberg, Michael H. Goldberg, Riddhi Shah, Jane N. Meagher and Haresh Ailani

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:293

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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