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Cataract and refractive surgery

This section takes submissions on the clinical and basic science aspects of cataracts, including diagnosis, treatment and prevention as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and genetics. The section also considers articles on all aspects of refractive surgery. Prospective clinical studies, especially randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. We aimed to compare the intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements by a dynamic Scheimpflug analyzer (Corvis ST), a non-contact tonometer, and an ocular response analyzer after hyperopic small-incision lenticule ...

    Authors: Dan Fu, Meiyan Li, Michael C. Knorz, Shengsheng Wei, Jianmin Shang and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:129

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. To evaluate the differences between the predicted and achieved lenticule thickness (ΔLT) after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) surgery and investigate relationships between ΔLT and predicted lentic...

    Authors: Fang Wu, Houfa Yin, Xinyi Chen and Yabo Yang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:110

    Content type: Research article

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  3. To measure the microcirculation change of macula and optic nerve head before and after femtosecond laser assisted laser in situ keratomileusis.

    Authors: Yan Zhang, Jianqing Lan, Dan Cao, Cheng Yang, Dawei Yang, Wenjuan Xie and Jin Zeng

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:107

    Content type: Research article

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  4. In diabetic eyes, various choroidal abnormalities are noted in addition to changes in the retinal circulation, and the risk of increased aqueous flare and retinal thickening after cataract surgery is higher in...

    Authors: Yasuko Ikegami, Miyuki Takahashi and Kana Amino

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:102

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The current study compared optical quality before and after implantation of a posterior chamber phakic intraocular lens with a central hole [V4c implantable collamer lens (ICL)] under bright and dark lighting ...

    Authors: Tianrui He, Yi Zhu and Jibo Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:82

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Cataract surgery in diabetics is more technically challenging due to a number of factors including poor intraoperative pupil dilation and a higher risk of vision threatening complications. This study evaluates...

    Authors: Marc Labetoulle, Anders Behndig, Marie-José Tassignon, Rudy Nuijts, Rita Mencucci, José Luis Güell, Uwe Pleyer, Jacek Szaflik, Paul Rosen, Alain Bérard, Frédéric Chiambaretta and Béatrice Cochener-Lamard

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:81

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Posterior capsule opacification (PCO) after cataract surgery is influenced by intraocular lens (IOL) design and material. The following is an ex vivo comparison of PCO between the Clareon vs. the AcrySof IOL i...

    Authors: Anna Hillenmayer, Christian M. Wertheimer, Stefan Kassumeh, Annabel von Studnitz, Nikolaus Luft, Andreas Ohlmann, Siegfried Priglinger and Wolfgang J. Mayer

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:77

    Content type: Research article

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  8. It is well known that the biomechanical properties change after LASIK refractive surgery. One reason is the impact of flap creation on the residual stroma. The results have revealed that the change is closely ...

    Authors: Lihua Fang, Yan Wang, Ruizhi Yang, Sijing Deng, Jiahao Deng and Linsun Wan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:67

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  9. Corneal densitometry, which is also known as corneal backscattering, is a surrogate measure of corneal clarity. The purpose of the study was to investigate the changes in corneal densitometry (CD) after implan...

    Authors: Xun Chen, Yang Shen, Haipeng Xu, Xiaoying Wang and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:50

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Older drivers have a crash rate nearly equal to that of young drivers whose crash rate is the highest among all age groups. Contrast sensitivity impairment is common in older adults. The purpose of this study ...

    Authors: Cynthia Owsley, Thomas Swain, Rong Liu, Gerald McGwin Jr and Mi Young Kwon

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:47

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Optical quality and macular thickness changing optical quality is rarely reported after femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS). In current research, we evaluated optical quality recovery and disti...

    Authors: Yong Wang, Jinling Zhang, Miaomiao Qin, Jianguo Miao, Wei Chen, Yemeng Huang, Jian Wu, Yu Guan and Huaijin Guan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:42

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Accurate measurement of intraocular pressure (IOP) after corneal refractive surgery is of great significance to clinic, and comparisons among various IOP measuring instruments are not rare, but there is a lack...

    Authors: Hui Zhang, Zhengtao Sun, Lin Li, Ran Sun and Haixia Zhang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:23

    Content type: Research article

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  13. We report a case of uveitis–glaucoma–hyphema (UGH) syndrome in a highly myopic pseudophakic eye with seemingly normal positioning of a two-haptic intraocular lens (IOL).

    Authors: Yu Du, Xiangjia Zhu, Jin Yang, Yinglei Zhang, Lei Cai and Yi Lu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:22

    Content type: Case report

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  14. To elucidate whether eyelid squinting improves near and distance vision in against-the-rule (ATR) and with-the-rule (WTR) simple myopic astigmatism in pseudophakic eyes.

    Authors: Jay Won Rhim, Youngsub Eom, Seo Yeon Park, Su-Yeon Kang, Jong Suk Song and Hyo Myung Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:4

    Content type: Research article

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  15. To compare the visual and refractive outcomes of femtosecond laser assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) using Victus platform (Technolas Bausch and Lomb (B&L), Munich, Germany) and conventional phacoemulsificatio...

    Authors: Mohamed Shafik Shaheen, Amir AbouSamra, Hany Ahmed Helaly, Amr Said and Ahmed Elmassry

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:1

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Uncorrected refractive errors contribute enormously to the burden of avoidable visual impairment worldwide. There is a huge disparity in different parts of the globe in context to spectacle coverage for distan...

    Authors: Sumit Malhotra, Mani Kalaivani, Ramashankar Rath, Manya Prasad, Praveen Vashist, Noopur Gupta, Suraj Singh Senjam and Sanjeev Kumar Gupta

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:252

    Content type: Research article

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  17. To compare the changes in the anterior segment after femtosecond laser in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) and small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) using a dual rotating Scheimpflug (DRS) analyzer (Galile...

    Authors: Bu Ki Kim, Su Joung Mun, Young Hoon Yang, Ji Sun Kim, Jun Hyung Moon and Young Taek Chung

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:251

    Content type: Research article

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  18. To report a modified surgical technique for intrascleral intraocular lens (IOL) fixation with fewer anterior segment manipulations in eyes lacking sufficient capsular support.

    Authors: Yuan Yang, Teng-teng Yao, Ya-li Zhou, Yi-xiao Wang and Zhao-yang Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:234

    Content type: Research article

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  19. Hypocalcemia is a derangement in serum calcium level due to a vast spectrum of disorders, but the most common cause is surgery, usually thyroid gland surgery. Symptoms of hypocalcemia can be due to increased n...

    Authors: Kumale Tolesa Daba, Dagmawit Kifle Weldemichael and Gersam Abera Mulugeta

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:233

    Content type: Case report

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  20. To determine the accuracy of the T2 formula as applied to highly myopic eyes, to compare the T2 formula to the SRK/T and Holladay 1 formulas, and to describe possible ways to improve the estimation of corneal ...

    Authors: Carlos Alberto Idrobo-Robalino, Gisella Santaella and Ángela María Gutiérrez

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:222

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The signaling pathway of epithelial to mesenchymal transition (EMT) is regulated by c-Src kinase in many cells. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of c-Src kinase on EMT of human lens epi...

    Authors: Xingyu Li, Fang Wang, Meixia Ren, Minjuan Du and Jian Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:219

    Content type: Research article

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  22. Opacification of hydrophobic and hydrophilic intraocular lenses (IOLs) has been reported. Herein, we report a case of spontaneous resolution of opacification following acute clouding of a trifocal IOL, which c...

    Authors: Tao Zhang, Shaowei Li, Chang Liu, Ruihua Zhao, Chenghe Chang and Na Han

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:208

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  23. To compare the visual and refractive outcomes after myopic LASEK using three different excimer lasers and standardized surgical and mitomycin C (MMC) application protocols.

    Authors: Isabel Rodríguez-Pérez, Juan Gros-Otero, Miguel A. Teus, Rafael Cañones and Montserrat García-González

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:205

    Content type: Research article

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  24. To evaluate the correlating and predicting factors of visual outcome after implantation of newly developed diffractive quadrifocal intraocular lens (IOL).

    Authors: Chia-Yi Lee, Jing-Yang Huang, Chi-Chin Sun, Shun-Fa Yang, Hung-Chi Chen and Hung-Yu Lin

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:188

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To evaluate the clinical outcomes of extended depth of focus (EDOF) and monofocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) that share identical aspheric platform and compare their visual acuity tolerance to postoperative ref...

    Authors: Hyeck-Soo Son, Seong Ho Kim, Gerd U. Auffarth and Chul Young Choi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:187

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To compare and correlate anterior segment measurements of myopic eyes implanted with Implantable Collamer lens (ICL V4c) by using anterior segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT), Pentacam and ultrasound...

    Authors: Ting Wan, Houfa Yin, Yi Yang, Fang Wu, Zhiyi Wu and Yabo Yang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:182

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. In this analysis, we aimed to systematically compare the complications which were associated with femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) versus the conventional phacoemulsification surgery (CPE).

    Authors: Jinhua Wang, Fanfan Su, Yong Wang, Yao Chen, Qiao Chen and Fen Li

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:177

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. This report describes a case in which hyperopic femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) was performed following small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) lenticule in situ implantation.

    Authors: Jing Zhao, Jianmin Shang, Lingling Niu, Haipeng Xu, Dong Yang, Yu Zhao, Dan Fu and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:176

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. To investigate the long-term outcomes and complications of scleral-fixated intraocular lens (SFIOL) implantation without conjunctival peritomies and sclerotomy in patients with a history of ocular trauma with ...

    Authors: Han Zhao, Wanpeng Wang, Zhengping Hu and Baihua Chen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:164

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  30. Evaluation of clinical outcome in cohorts with versus without simultaneous implantation of a capsular tension ring (CTR) and a toric lens (Tecnis Toric). Main parameter was rotation referring - in contrast to ...

    Authors: Ursula Hahn, Frank Krummenauer, Stefanie Schmickler and Jörg Koch

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:143

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  31. This study compares the clinical outcomes of femtosecond laser small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) for the correction of myopia and myopic astigmatism greater than − 10 D, and − 10 D or less respectively.

    Authors: Bing Qin, Jing Zhao, Meiyan Li, Peijun Yao and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:138

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Anterior megalophthalmos is a rare congenital disease which mainly features enlargement of the anterior segment. Cataract surgeries in anterior megalophthalmos can be challenging due to the anatomical anomalie...

    Authors: Ao Miao, Keke Zhang, Jifeng Yu, Wenwen He, Yi Lu and Xiangjia Zhu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:122

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  33. High myopia with shallow anterior chamber depth (ACD less than 2.8 mm) is not rare. This observational study aims to evaluate visual outcomes after implantation of the Visian Implantable Collamer Lens with a c...

    Authors: Lingling Niu, Huamao Miao, Tian Han, Lan Ding, Xiaoying Wang and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:121

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  34. The present study aims to investigate an automated qualitative and quantitative assessment system (Automated Quantification of After-Cataract [AQUA II]) of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) in high-resolut...

    Authors: Martin Kronschläger, Hannes Siegl, Axel Pinz, Christoph Feichtenhofer, Wolf Buehl, Nino Hirnschall and Oliver Findl

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:114

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  35. Femtosecond laser–assisted LASIK (FS-LASIK) can make ultra-thin corneal flap accurately. MEL 90 excimer laser provides Triple-A ablation mode, which significantly reduces the amount of corneal tissue cutting. ...

    Authors: Kai Li, Chuan-Wei Zhang, De-Jian Hong, Jing Wu and Yi-Shuo Yao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:107

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  36. To present the follow-up outcomes of a modified technique of transscleral suture fixation of posterior chamber intraocular lens (PCIOL) in eyes with inadequate capsule support.

    Authors: Shuang Ni, Wei Wang, Xiang Chen, Xingdi Wu, Suhong He, Yajuan Ma and Wen Xu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:105

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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