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Cataract and refractive surgery

This section takes submissions on the clinical and basic science aspects of cataracts, including diagnosis, treatment and prevention as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and genetics. The section also considers articles on all aspects of refractive surgery. Prospective clinical studies, especially randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. Lens-induced myopization in guinea pigs has been used as model for the process of myopization in humans. It has not been explored yet whether the change in globe shape in eyes undergoing myopization is similar...

    Authors: Li Dong, Xu Han Shi, Yi Kun Kang, Wen Bin Wei, Ya Xing Wang and Jost B. Jonas

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:102

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. The study aimed to assess the role of intraoperative mitomycin-C (MMC) application during hyperopic LASIK correction (+ 1.00 D to + 6.00 D) by examining topographic corneal changes and incidence of regression ...

    Authors: Ehab M. Moawad, Ahmed A. Abd Elghany, Amr A. Gab-Alla, Osama M. Elbassiouny and Mohsen S. Badawy

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:93

    Content type: Technical advance

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  3. Small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) are frequently used to treat myopia. However, little is known about the impact on recovery of these ...

    Authors: Ting Liu, Guanting Lu, Kaijian Chen, Qiuxia Kan and Ji Bai

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:88

    Content type: Research article

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  4. The study compares the wave-front aberration and corneal asphericity from multiple perspectives after Small Incision Lenticule Extraction and Laser-assisted Subepithelial Keratomileusis for mild to moderate my...

    Authors: Manrong Yu, Minjie Chen, Wangyuan Liu and Jinhui Dai

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:80

    Content type: Research article

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  5. To compare the clinical performance of bifocal and trifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) in cataract surgery, a meta-analysis on randomized controlled trials was conducted.

    Authors: Shanshan Jin, David S. Friedman, Kai Cao, Mayinuer Yusufu, Jingshang Zhang, Jinda Wang, Simeng Hou, Guyu Zhu, Bingsong Wang, Ying Xiong, Jing Li, Xiaoxia Li, Hailong He and Xiuhua Wan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:78

    Content type: Research article

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  6. This study aimed to investigate the completion rate, visual performance, and adverse outcomes of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) in Chinese patients.

    Authors: Xiaobo Zhang, Yinhui Yu, Guangbin Zhang, Yanwen Zhou, Guangyu Zhao, Maosheng Chen, Yong Wang, Siquan Zhu, Hong Zhang and Ke Yao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:77

    Content type: Research article

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  7. To evaluate the 6-month clinical outcomes of Flexivue Microlens refractive corneal inlay in emmetropic patients in Asia for the surgical compensation of presbyopia.

    Authors: Gyule Han, Dong Hui Lim, Chan Min Yang, Gil Ho Park, Dae-Young Park, Hyun Seung Moon, Jae Myung Lee, Jong Ho Lee and Tae-Young Chung

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:66

    Content type: Research article

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  8. To evaluate the effects of anterior capsular opening size on deviation from predicted refraction and the effective position of the intraocular lens (ELP) in cataract surgery.

    Authors: Shixu Li, Yiping Hu, Ran Guo, Yushuang Shao, Jiangyue Zhao, Jinsong Zhang and Jing Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:59

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Cataract patients were always excluded from studies on ageing of colour vision; thus, effect of age-related cataracts on deterioration of colour perception has not been analysed. In present study, impacts of a...

    Authors: Mingxin Ao, Xuemin Li, Weiqiang Qiu, Zhiqiang Hou, Jie Su and Wei Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:56

    Content type: Research article

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  10. This study sought to compare the visual quality between intraocular collamer lens (EVO-ICL) implantation and small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and determine the appropriate surgical method to treat p...

    Authors: Qin Qin, Lianyun Bao, Liping Yang, Zifang He and Zhenping Huang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:21

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To compare the protective effects of the histone deacetylase inhibitors (HDACis) β-hydroxybutyrate (βOHB), trichostatin A (TSA), suberoylanilide hydroxamic acid (SAHA) and valproic acid (VPA) on human lens epi...

    Authors: Xiaodi Qiu, Xianfang Rong, Jin Yang and Yi Lu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:42

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Few studies have investigated the prevalence of refractive error (RE) in older adults in China, and most have focused on East China. Our study determined the prevalence and risk factors of RE in Han and Yi adu...

    Authors: Meng Wang, Jiantao Cui, Guangliang Shan, Xia Peng, Li Pan, Zhimei Yan, Jie Zhang, Yong Zhong and Jin Ma

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:33

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To evaluate the accuracy of biometric measurements by a swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS–OCT) based biometry for intraocular lens (IOL) power calculation.

    Authors: Youngju An, Eun-Kyoung Kang, Hyojin Kim, Min-Ji Kang, Yong-Soo Byun and Choun-Ki Joo

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:30

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The complete disassembly of nuclear is the most challenging step in hard cataract surgery through microincision. The classic phaco chop technique often does not succeed, resulting in incomplete nuclear segment...

    Authors: Ding Chen, Qunwu Tang, Fang Yu, Xueting Cai and Fan Lu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:20

    Content type: Technical advance

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  15. Of the 10 patients with adenoviral type 54 keratoconjunctivitis examined at Nojima Hospital, 2 developed stellate keratitis and mutton-fat keratic precipitates (KPs) following acute symptoms.

    Authors: Kazuki Matsuura, Yuki Terasaka, Eiichi Uchio, Yusuke Saeki, Tsuguto Fujimoto, Nozomu Hanaoka, Dai Miyazaki and Yoshitsugu Inoue

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:7

    Content type: Case report

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  16. The optical density of the cornea can be evaluated quantitatively by “densitometry” using a rotating Scheimpflug camera. Densitometry allows evaluation of corneal opacity in the anterior segment of the eye by ...

    Authors: Sho Ishikawa, Naoko Kato and Masaru Takeuchi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:334

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Cataract surgery with pseudophakic mini-monovision has lower out-of-pocket patient expense than premium multifocal intraocular lenses (IOL). The purpose of this study was to evaluate patient-reported satisfact...

    Authors: Debora Goetz Goldberg, Michael H. Goldberg, Riddhi Shah, Jane N. Meagher and Haresh Ailani

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:293

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Toxic anterior segment syndrome (TASS) can be a rare complication of anterior segment surgery. Here we reviewed the most recent advances in the understanding of TASS.

    Authors: Choul Yong Park, Jimmy K. Lee and Roy S. Chuck

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:276

    Content type: Review

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  19. Shielding and scattering effect of the smoke plume column ejected from the laser ablated material is a well-known phenomenon. Debris evacuation system of the excimer laser equipment removes these particles, bu...

    Authors: Csaba Szekrényesi, Huba Kiss, Tamás Filkorn and Zoltán Zsolt Nagy

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:273

    Content type: Research article

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  20. To compare different K readings in pseudophakic patients post-Descemet’s stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK) and evaluate corresponding prediction errors in intraocular lens (IOL) power calculati...

    Authors: Ke Xu, Hong Qi, Rongmei Peng, Gege Xiao, Jing Hong, Yansheng Hao and Boping Ma

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:268

    Content type: Research article

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  21. The characteristics of the target group and the design of an epidemiologic study, in particular the recruiting methods, can influence participation. People with vision impairment have unique characteristics be...

    Authors: Pedro Lima Ramos, Rui Santana, Laura Hernandez Moreno, Ana Patricia Marques, Cristina Freitas, Amandio Rocha-Sousa and Antonio Filipe Macedo

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:236

    Content type: Research article

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  22. A cataract is a common cause of vision impairment that requires surgery in older subjects. The Optical Quality Analysis System (OQAS, Visiometrics SL, Terrassa, Spain) assesses the optical quality of the eye i...

    Authors: Jin Sun Hwang, Yoon Pyo Lee, Seok Hyun Bae, Ha Kyoung Kim, Kayoung Yi and Young Joo Shin

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:231

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Cataract surgery in patients with keratoconus with or without previous penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) can be demanding due to difficulties in selecting the intraocular lens (IOL) and predicting the refractive ...

    Authors: Karin Allard and Madeleine Zetterberg

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:215

    Content type: Case report

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  24. Intraocular lenses (IOLs) with different diopter (D) intervals may have different tolerance, and may provide different accuracy of refractive outcome after cataract surgery. The aim of the study is to compare ...

    Authors: Minjung Kim, Youngsub Eom, Jong Suk Song and Hyo Myung Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:176

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To evaluate visual acuity, corneal astigmatism and corneal higher-order aberrations (HOAs) after implantation of trifocal diffractive IOLs operated with either a corneal steep-axis incision or 135° incision.

    Authors: Shasha Xue, Guiqiu Zhao, Xiaoni Yin, Jing Lin, Cui Li, Liting Hu, Lin Leng and Xuejiao Yang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:171

    Content type: Research article

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  26. To evaluate clinical factors affecting postoperative vaulting in eyes that had achieved optimal vaulting within the range of 250–750 μm following implantation of 12.6-mm V4c implantable collamer lenses (ICL).

    Authors: Hun Lee, David Sung Yong Kang, Jin Young Choi, Byoung Jin Ha, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo and Tae-im Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:163

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To determine postoperative refractive and visual outcomes and astigmatic changes after femtosecond laser astigmatic keratotomy in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS).

    Authors: Jing Wang, Jiangyue Zhao, Jun Xu and Jinsong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:161

    Content type: Research article

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  28. We report for the first time, a case of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) with implantation of a diffractive trifocal intraocular lens (IOL) after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK).

    Authors: Wei Wang, Shuang Ni, Xi Li, Xiang Chen, Yanan Zhu and Wen Xu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:160

    Content type: Case report

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  29. To compare the clinical outcomes of wavefront-optimized (WFO) transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (trans-PRK) and corneal wavefront-guided (CWFG) trans-PRK for myopic eyes with moderate to high astigma...

    Authors: Ikhyun Jun, David Sung Yong Kang, Samuel Arba-Mosquera, Jin Young Choi, Hyung Keun Lee, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo and Tae-im Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:154

    Content type: Research article

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  30. To investigate refractive outcomes and optical quality after implantation of posterior chamber phakic implantable collamer lens with a central hole (ICL V4c) to correct high myopia.

    Authors: Huamao Miao, Xun Chen, Mi Tian, Yingjun Chen, Xiaoying Wang and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:141

    Content type: Research article

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  31. High cataract incidence and low cataract surgical rate are serious public health problems in China, despite the fact that efficient day care cataract surgery has been implemented in some public Tertiary A hosp...

    Authors: Min Zhuang, Juan Cao, Minglan Cui, Songtao Yuan, Qinghuai Liu and Wen Fan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:134

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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