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Cataract and refractive surgery

This section takes submissions on the clinical and basic science aspects of cataracts, including diagnosis, treatment and prevention as well as related epidemiology, pathophysiology and genetics. The section also considers articles on all aspects of refractive surgery. Prospective clinical studies, especially randomized controlled trials are particularly encouraged.

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  1. This is an interventional prospective clinical study which was conducted to evaluate the efficacy, safety, predictability, ocular aberrations, and flap thickness predictability of Visumax femtosecond laser (FS...

    Authors: Magda A Torky, Yousif A Al Zafiri, Abeer M Khattab, Rania K Farag and Eman A Awad

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:125

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. To measure ascorbic acid concentration in aqueous humor of patients with cataract after oral or intravenous vitamin C supplementation.

    Authors: Young-Sool Hah, Hye Jin Chung, Sneha B. Sontakke, In-Young Chung, Sunmi Ju, Seong-Wook Seo, Ji-Myong Yoo and Seong-Jae Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:121

    Content type: Research article

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  3. To investigate the distribution of the height, weight and body mass index (BMI) of children with congenital cataracts (CC) before surgical treatment.

    Authors: Jingjing Chen, Duoru Lin, Zhuoling Lin, Xiaoyan Li, Qianzhong Cao, Zhenzhen Liu, Erping Long, Xiaohang Wu, Li Zhang, Xiaojia Zhou, Lisha Wang, Jing Li, Jun Fu, Haotian Lin, Weirong Chen and Yizhi Liu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:119

    Content type: Research article

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  4. This study evaluates patients with congenital aniridia and cataract who underwent phacoemulsification, capsular tension ring placement, and foldable intraocular lens implantation.

    Authors: Jin Da Wang, Jing Shang Zhang, Ying Xiong, Jing Li, Xiao Xia Li, Xue Liu, Jing Zhao, Frank F. Tsai, Jhanji Vishal, Qi Sheng You, Yao Huang and Xiu Hua Wan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:115

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Congenital ectopia lentis (CEL) usually leads to refractive error and may influence the axial length development. But few investigations have reported patient demographics and the distribution of axial length ...

    Authors: Yichi Zhang, Guangming Jin, Qianzhong Cao, Junxiong Lin, Jianqiang Lin, Yiyao Wang, Su Ern Poh, Charlotte Aimee Young and Danying Zheng

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:113

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Descemet’s membrane detachment (DMD) is one of the most serious complications of modern cataract surgery. We present an alternative technique for management of DMD with a review of the literature on current st...

    Authors: Yan Weng, Yu-ping Ren, Li Zhang, Xiao-dan Huang and Xing-chao Shen-tu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:109

    Content type: Case report

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  7. With recent advances in technology and introduction of new intraocular lens (IOL) models, surgeons today have the opportunity to choose from various optical designs, which can influence the postoperative quali...

    Authors: Hyeck Soo Son, Tamer Tandogan, Stephanie Liebing, Patrick Merz, Chul Young Choi, Ramin Khoramnia and Gerd U. Auffarth

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:108

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  8. We report the ophthalmic findings of a patient with type Ia glycogen storage disease (GSD Ia), DiGeorge syndrome (DGS), cataract and optic nerve head drusen (ONHD).

    Authors: D. Allegrini, S. Penco, A. Pece, A. Autelitano, G. Montesano, S. Paci, C. Montanari, A. Maver, B. Peterlin, G. Damante and L. Rossetti

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:107

    Content type: Case report

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  9. This study measured the effectiveness and cost of a capacity building intervention in 25 eye hospitals in South Asia, East Africa and Latin America over 4 years. The intervention involved eye care non-governme...

    Authors: Katherine Judson, Paul Courtright, Thulsiraj Ravilla, Rohit Khanna and Ken Bassett

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:96

    Content type: Research article

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  10. To investigate the anterior lens capsule and epithelium thickness (defined as anterior lens capsular complex: ALCC) in normal Chinese subjects using spectral-domian optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and ex...

    Authors: Jing Dong, Yading Jia, Yaqin Zhang, Haining Zhang, Zhijie Jia, Suhua Zhang, Qiang Wu, Qingmao Hu, Tianqiao Zhang and Xiaogang Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:94

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  11. A growing proportion of veterans treated at the Veterans Health Administration (VA) have a history of post-traumatic-stress-disorder (PTSD), and there exists a higher rate of PTSD amongst veterans than the gen...

    Authors: Yuna Rapoport, Laura L. Wayman and Amy S. Chomsky

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:85

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Intrascleral fixation of an intraocular lens (IOL) is used in eyes that lack capsular support. The aim of the study is to determine whether a larger optical diameter IOL will decrease the higher-order aberrati...

    Authors: Daisuke Kunita, Makoto Inoue, Yuji Itoh, Naoko Matsuki, Toshiyuki Nagamoto and Akito Hirakata

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:82

    Content type: Research article

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  13. The majority of rare diseases are complex diseases caused by a combination of multiple morbigenous factors. However, uncovering the complex etiology and pathogenesis of rare diseases is difficult due to limite...

    Authors: Erping Long, Shuangjuan Xu, Zhenzhen Liu, Xiaohang Wu, Xiayin Zhang, Jinghui Wang, Wangting Li, Runzhong Liu, Zicong Chen, Kexin Chen, Tongyong Yu, Dongxuan Wu, Xutu Zhao, Jingjing Chen, Zhuoling Lin, Qianzhong Cao…

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:74

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Congenital cataract is the most frequent cause of blindness during infancy or early childhood. To date, more than 40 loci associated with congenital cataract have been identified, including at least 26 genes o...

    Authors: Chao Shen, Jingbing Wang, Xiaotang Wu, Fuchao Wang, Yang Liu, Xiaoying Guo, Lina Zhang, Yanfei Cao, Xiuhua Cao and Hongxing Ma

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:73

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Today, patients often expect to achieve spectacle independance after cataract surgery. New trifocal intraocular lenses have been developed to try and fullfill this demand. The purpose of this study is to repor...

    Authors: Jorge L. García-Pérez, Juan Gros-Otero, Celia Sánchez-Ramos, Vanesa Blázquez and Inés Contreras

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:72

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Recent evidence has shown that long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) are involved in the process of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, little research has focused on the expression profile of lncRNAs du...

    Authors: Bingyu Zhang, Yang Chen, Meiyuan Qiu and Zhixiang Ding

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:69

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  17. To report the clinical features of patients with reverse pupillary block (RPB) after scleral-sutured posterior chamber intraocular lens (PC IOL) implantation and biometric changes after laser peripheral iridot...

    Authors: Seung Pil Bang, Choun-Ki Joo and Jong Hwa Jun

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:35

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Ocular siderosis is a clinical condition induced by deposition of an iron-containing intraocular foreign body. We report a unique case of histopathologically proven lens siderosis in a young woman with a prece...

    Authors: Ke-Ke Zhang, Wen-Wen He, Yi Lu and Xiang-Jia Zhu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:26

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Iridoschisis is a rare condition that is characterized by the separation of the iris stroma into layers, with portions of the anterior layer floating freely in the aqueous humour. Here, we report three cases o...

    Authors: Yiyi Chen, Yiyong Qian and Peirong Lu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:24

    Content type: Case report

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  20. Surgeons may be unaware of the ability of plant toxins to cause corneal damage. Therefore, corneal damage following intraocular surgery due to plant toxins may be misdiagnosed as postoperative infection.

    Authors: Kazuki Matsuura, Shiro Hatta, Yuki Terasaka and Yoshitsugu Inoue

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:5

    Content type: Case report

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  21. Toric intraocular lens (IOL) implantation can be an effective method for correcting corneal astigmatism in patients with vitreoretinal diseases and cataract. Our purpose is to report the outcome of toric IOL i...

    Authors: Bence L. Kolozsvári, Gergely Losonczy, Dorottya Pásztor and Mariann Fodor

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:3

    Content type: Case report

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  22. To report a case of postoperative fibrous membrane formation occluding the visual axis in the presence of anterior capsular phimosis in a patient with pseudoexfoliation syndrome.

    Authors: Eung Suk Kim, Moosang Kim, Seung-Jun Lee, Sang Beom Han, Hee Kyung Yang and Joon Young Hyon

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:213

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  23. It has been suggested that the higher prevalence of cataract in women is caused by a withdrawal effect of oestrogen at menopause. In vitro studies have demonstrated protection of serum oestradiol (E2) against ...

    Authors: Dragana Škiljić, Staffan Nilsson, Anne Petersen, Jan-Olof Karlsson, Anders Behndig, Lada Kalaboukhova and Madeleine Zetterberg

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:210

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Corneal biomechanical properties are always compromised after corneal refractive surgeries thus leading to underestimated intraocular pressure (IOP) that complicates the management of IOP. We investigated the ...

    Authors: Yang Shen, Xiangjian Su, Xiu Liu, Huamao Miao, Xuejun Fang and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:205

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The Implantable Collamer Lens (ICL) has been used widely for refractive errors, We performed this prospective randomized comparative study to compare postoperative intraocular pressure (IOP) and vaults of the ...

    Authors: Haiting Chen, Guangzeng Niu, Yuxiang Fan and Jingxue Ma

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:203

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. Congenital cataracts are often complicated by anterior segment dysgenesis. This study aims to compare bilateral anterior segment parameters, macular thickness, and best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) in pediat...

    Authors: Erping Long, Jingjing Chen, Zhenzhen Liu, Zhuoling Lin, Qianzhong Cao, Xiayin Zhang, Xiaoyan Li, Lixia Luo, Haotian Lin, Weirong Chen and Yizhi Liu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:192

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To compare refractive outcomes after cataract surgery between patients with closed-angle and open-angle glaucoma and evaluate the influence of preoperative factors on refractive outcomes in patients with glauc...

    Authors: Young Cheong Kim, Mi Sun Sung, Hwan Heo and Sang Woo Park

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:179

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Evidences have identified the correlation of 8-oxoguanine DNA glycosylase-1 (OGG1) and eph-receptor tyrosine kinase-type A2 (EPHA2) polymorphisms in age-related cataract (ARC) risk. However, the results were n...

    Authors: Hongxu Zhang, Jianguang Zhong, Zhenyu Bian, Xiang Fang, You Peng and Yongping Hu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:168

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. To objectively compare the early changes in vault over time following implantation of an Implantable Collamer Lens without (ICL V4) and with (ICL V4c) a central hole and the respective factors affecting vault ...

    Authors: Xun Chen, Huamao Miao, Rajeev Krishnan Naidu, Xiaoying Wang and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:161

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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