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Pediatrics and Strabismus

Section Edited by Virender Sachdeva

This section will consider studies on all aspects of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus, including prevention, diagnosis and management of strabismus ocular disease in children, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology and epidemiology. The section particularly welcomes prospective clinical studies, especially randomized controlled trials.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the results of unilateral inferior oblique anterior transposition (IOAT) for markedly asymmetric dissociated vertical deviation (DVD) combined with inferior oblique over-action (IOOA).

    Authors: Shuang-Qing Wu, Qi-Bin Xu, Wen-Yan Sheng and Li-Wei Zhu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:196

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Undetected vision problems is an important cause of reduced academic achievement, performance in everyday life and self-esteem. This receives little attention in national health care services in Norway even th...

    Authors: Helle K. Falkenberg, Trine Langaas and Ellen Svarverud

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:180

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  3. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the area of foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and macular vessel density (VD) after correction for magnification error in unilateral amblyopia using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).

    Authors: Syunsuke Araki, Atsushi Miki, Katsutoshi Goto, Tsutomu Yamashita, Tsuyoshi Yoneda, Kazuko Haruishi, Yoshiaki Ieki, Junichi Kiryu, Goro Maehara and Kiyoshi Yaoeda

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:171

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  4. Content type: Case report

    Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV) is a rare congenital developmental ocular disorder caused by incomplete regression of the embryonic hyaloid vasculature. Here we report a case of nonsurgical uni...

    Authors: Jianqing Li, Jiaju Zhang and Peirong Lu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:161

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Myopia is a common visual disorder with increasing prevalence. Halting progression of myopia is critical, as high myopia can be complicated by a number of vision-compromising conditions.

    Authors: Efthymia Prousali, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Andreas Fontalis, Nikolaos Ziakas, Periklis Brazitikos and Asimina Mataftsi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:106

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  6. Content type: Research article

    Congenital cataract is currently one of the leading blindness-causing eye diseases in children. Surgical treatment only opens the visual pathway for children. The postoperative recovery of visual function is a...

    Authors: Junjue Chen, Ping Sun, Yan Wei and Xiaoli Kang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:81

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  7. Content type: Research article

    This population based cross sectional study was conducted to detect amblyopia risk factors and myopia in a rural district of Northwestern Turkey by using PlusoptiX S12R (Photoscreener PlusoptiX Inc., Nuremberg...

    Authors: Silay Canturk Ugurbas, Numan Kucuk, Irem Isik, Atilla Alpay, Cagatay Buyukuysal and Suat Hayri Ugurbas

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:73

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Convergence and accommodative insufficiency represent the main cause of complaints during close visual work and can reduce visual performance and comfort. Knowing their prevalence among schoolchildren is funda...

    Authors: Amélia F. Nunes, Pedro M. L. Monteiro, Francisco B. P. Ferreira and António S. Nunes

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:58

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  9. Content type: Research article

    Core Outcome Sets (COS) are defined as the minimum sets of outcomes that should be measured and reported in all randomised controlled trials to facilitate combination and comparability of research. The aim of ...

    Authors: Samia Al Jabri, Jamie Kirkham and Fiona J. Rowe

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:47

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:71

  10. Content type: Research article

    Pediatric ocular trauma is a major source of morbidity and blindness and the number of epidemiological studies is incommensurate with its significance. We sought to determine differences in epidemiologic patte...

    Authors: Ryan Gise, Timothy Truong, Afshin Parsikia and Joyce N. Mbekeani

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:37

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  11. Content type: Research article

    The ability to extract depth from disparity may be hindered under fusional stress, as alignment of the eyes may be more difficult to maintain consistently. Therefore we aim to determine the effect of fusional ...

    Authors: Laurence P. Tidbury, Anna R. O’Connor and Sophie M. Wuerger

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:6

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) with extremely unfavorable prognosis among infants can do great damage to individuals and bring tremendous social-economic burden. The purpose of this study is to descri...

    Authors: Guo-rui Dou, Man-hong Li, Zi-feng Zhang, Yi-na Lu, Yan-ni Zhu, Hai-yan Wang, Jing Wang, Xiao-jie Wang, Jing Fan and Yu-sheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:307

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Previous techniques resulted with low rates of successful fusion after the surgeries and high necessity of additional surgeries in the treatment of thyroid orbitopathy related strabismus. In this study, review...

    Authors: Ahmet Murat Sarici, Burak Mergen, Velittin Oguz and Cezmi Dogan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:305

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The aim was, first, to collect normative data of the optic nerve head and the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness assessed with Cirrus SD-OCT, in healthy children in a population-based stu...

    Authors: Eva Larsson, Anna Molnar and Gerd Holmström

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:270

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies using optical coherence tomography (OCT) have indicated that choroidal thickness (CT) in the anisometropic amblyopic eye is thicker than that of the fellow and normal control eyes. However, it h...

    Authors: Syunsuke Araki, Atsushi Miki, Katsutoshi Goto, Tsutomu Yamashita, Go Takizawa, Kazuko Haruishi, Tsuyoshi Yoneda, Yoshiaki Ieki, Junichi Kiryu, Goro Maehara and Kiyoshi Yaoeda

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:227

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Direct damage to the superior rectus (SR) muscle insertion following upper lid blepharoplasty has not been reported. We document a rare case of vertical diplopia due to direct damage to the SR muscle insertion...

    Authors: Ju-Yeun Lee, Kyuyeon Cho, Daye Diana Choi, Kyung-Ah Park, Kyung In Woo, Yoon-Duck Kim and Sei Yeul Oh

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:187

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have shown that patients with intermittent exotropia have different degrees of damage to their stereopsis function. The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of different refractive statu...

    Authors: Dong Han, Danni Jiang, Jiahuan Zhang, Tianxu Pei and Qi Zhao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:143

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  18. Content type: Research article

    To identify and compare specific protein levels between overacting inferior oblique (IO) muscles in superior oblique (SO) palsy patients and normal IO muscles.

    Authors: Yeon Woong Chung, Jun Sub Choi and Sun Young Shin

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:128

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of adolescent eye disease in remote areas of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has rarely been reported. To understand the prevalence of common eye diseases in Tibet, we performed ocular-disease screeni...

    Authors: Xuehan Qian, Beihong Liu, Jing Wang, Nan Wei, Xiaoli Qi, Xue Li, Jing Li, Ying Zhang, Ning Hua, Yuxian Ning, Gang Ding, Xu Ma and Binbin Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:118

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  20. Content type: Research article

    To identify the prevention situation, the main factors influencing prevention effects and to develop control measures over retinopathy of prematurity in China.

    Authors: Shuman Xu, Zhijiang Liang, Qiyun Du, Zhankui Li, Guangming Tan, Chuan Nie, Yang Yang, Xuzai Lv, Chunyi Zhang and Xianqiong Luo

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:44

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Sparganosis is one of the neglected but important food-borne parasitic zoonoses, with higher prevalence in Asian countries. The infection is commonly located in the subcutaneous tissue, brain, breast, and lung...

    Authors: Xin Xie, Jianghua Hu, Guizhen Sun, Bo Ding and Lei Feng

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:13

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  22. Content type: Case report

    Retinal artery occlusion is extremely rare in the pediatric population and most patients have risk factors. We report a case of a healthy child with segmental optic atrophy, complicated by incidental branch re...

    Authors: Ji Hyung Choi, Hee Kyung Yang and Ji Eun Lee

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:256

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  23. Content type: Case report

    The authors report a case of a rare complication that occurred after botulinum toxin injection to the extraocular muscle, which was easily overlooked and successfully corrected by surgery.

    Authors: Dong Hyun Lee, Jinu Han, Sueng-Han Han, Sung Chul Lee and Min Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:249

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  24. Content type: Research article

    We needed to validate and calibrate our portable acuity screening tools so amblyopia could be detected quickly and effectively at school entry.

    Authors: Maya Tsao Wu, M. Diane Armitage, Claire Trujillo, Anna Trujillo, Laura E. Arnold, Lauren Tsao Wu and Robert W. Arnold

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:232

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  25. Content type: Research article

    In many countries, access to general health and eye care is related to an individual’s socioeconomic status (SES). We aimed to examine the prevalence of oculo-visual disorders in children in Istanbul Turkey, d...

    Authors: Serap Azizoğlu, Sheila G. Crewther, Funda Şerefhan, Ayla Barutchu, Sinan Göker and Barbara M. Junghans

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:230

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Limited data exist collating most of the associated factors for strabismus in one analysis. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of strabismus and to analyse associated factors in former preterm ...

    Authors: Achim Fieß, Ruth Kölb-Keerl, Alexander K. Schuster, Markus Knuf, Bernd Kirchhof, Philipp S. Muether and Jacqueline Bauer

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:228

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Proper information on causes of childhood vision loss is essential in developing appropriate strategies and programs to address such causes. This study aimed at identifying the causes of vision loss in childre...

    Authors: Rajendra Gyawali, Bharat Kumar Bhayal, Rabindra Adhikary, Arjun Shrestha and Rabindra Prasad Sah

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:209

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  28. Content type: Research article

    The near work and outdoor activity are the most important environmental risk factors for myopia. However, data from Chinese rural children are relatively rare and remain controversial. Therefore, the purpose o...

    Authors: Zhong Lin, Tie Ying Gao, Balamurali Vasudevan, Kenneth J. Ciuffreda, Yuan Bo Liang, Vishal Jhanji, Su Jie Fan, Wei Han and Ning Li Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:203

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  29. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the project is to retrospectively study the changes in bacterial pathogens in acute neonatal bacterial conjunctivitis from 2002 to 2016 in Southern China. The results may provide the guidance for dr...

    Authors: Song Tang, Ming Li, Hongbo Chen, Guo Ping, Chun Zhang and Shusheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:174

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  30. Content type: Research article

    To investigate macular retinal and choroidal thickness in amblyopic eyes compared to that in fellow and normal eyes using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT).

    Authors: Syunsuke Araki, Atsushi Miki, Katsutoshi Goto, Tsutomu Yamashita, Go Takizawa, Kazuko Haruishi, Yoshiaki Ieki, Junichi Kiryu and Kiyoshi Yaoeda

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:167

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