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Pediatrics and Strabismus

Section Edited by Virender Sachdeva

This section will consider studies on all aspects of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus, including prevention, diagnosis and management of strabismus ocular disease in children, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology and epidemiology. The section particularly welcomes prospective clinical studies, especially randomized controlled trials.

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  1. The primary aim was to estimate the incidence of primary and secondary childhood glaucoma in Scotland over a 2-year period. The secondary aim was to gauge the confidence and experience of ophthalmologists in S...

    Authors: Daniel Beck, Martin Galea, Cheng Yi Loo, Conrad Schmoll, Frederick R. Burgess, Donald Montgomery and Andrew J. Tatham

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:76

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Primary objective of this review was to measure compliance with spectacle use in children with refractive errors. Secondary objective was to understand the reasons for non-compliance.

    Authors: Nonita Dhirar, Sankalp Dudeja, Mona Duggal, Parul Chawla Gupta, Nishant Jaiswal, Meenu Singh and Jagat Ram

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:71

    Content type: Research article

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  3. To describe factors which influence the age at detection and age at presentation of patients with childhood cataract at a tertiary eye care facility in Southwest Nigeria.

    Authors: Bolutife Ayokunnu Olusanya, Mary Ogbenyi Ugalahi, Adegbola Oluwagbemiga Adeyemo and Aderonke Mojisola Baiyeroju

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Tractional retinal detachment with or without secondary tear is a rare complication reported in less than 0.5% of in eyes treated for retinoblastoma. Pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in eyes with history of retinob...

    Authors: Christina Stathopoulos, Jessica Sergenti, Marie-Claire Gaillard, Francis L. Munier and Alejandra Daruich

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:34

    Content type: Case report

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  5. Superior oblique weakening is a common method to treat A-pattern strabismus. This study aims to evaluate the surgical results of the bilateral superior oblique posterior tenectomy procedure to treat A-pattern ...

    Authors: Yan Wei, Ling-Yan Dong, Pei-quan Zhao and Xiao-li Kang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:32

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  6. To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors associated with myopia and high myopia in children in South Korea.

    Authors: Hyuna Kim, Jin Seok Seo, Woong-Sun Yoo, Gyu-Nam Kim, Rock Bum Kim, Jae Eun Chae, Inyoung Chung, Seong-Wook Seo and Seong Jae Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  7. Due to high prevalence myopia has gained importance in epidemiological studies. Children with early onset are at particular risk of complications associated with myopia, as progression over time might result i...

    Authors: Andrzej Grzybowski, Piotr Kanclerz, Kazuo Tsubota, Carla Lanca and Seang-Mei Saw

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:27

    Content type: Review

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  8. Prevention of myopia has become a public health priority in China. This study is to investigate the prevalence of myopia and vision impairment, and their associated factors in school students in eastern China.

    Authors: Jianyong Wang, Gui-shuang Ying, Xiaojin Fu, Ronghua Zhang, Jia Meng, Fang Gu and Juanjuan Li

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:2

    Content type: Research article

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  9. To evaluate the results of unilateral inferior oblique anterior transposition (IOAT) for markedly asymmetric dissociated vertical deviation (DVD) combined with inferior oblique over-action (IOOA).

    Authors: Shuang-Qing Wu, Qi-Bin Xu, Wen-Yan Sheng and Li-Wei Zhu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:196

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Undetected vision problems is an important cause of reduced academic achievement, performance in everyday life and self-esteem. This receives little attention in national health care services in Norway even th...

    Authors: Helle K. Falkenberg, Trine Langaas and Ellen Svarverud

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:180

    Content type: Research article

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  11. To investigate the area of foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and macular vessel density (VD) after correction for magnification error in unilateral amblyopia using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).

    Authors: Syunsuke Araki, Atsushi Miki, Katsutoshi Goto, Tsutomu Yamashita, Tsuyoshi Yoneda, Kazuko Haruishi, Yoshiaki Ieki, Junichi Kiryu, Goro Maehara and Kiyoshi Yaoeda

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:171

    Content type: Research article

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  12. Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV) is a rare congenital developmental ocular disorder caused by incomplete regression of the embryonic hyaloid vasculature. Here we report a case of nonsurgical uni...

    Authors: Jianqing Li, Jiaju Zhang and Peirong Lu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:161

    Content type: Case report

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  13. Myopia is a common visual disorder with increasing prevalence. Halting progression of myopia is critical, as high myopia can be complicated by a number of vision-compromising conditions.

    Authors: Efthymia Prousali, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Andreas Fontalis, Nikolaos Ziakas, Periklis Brazitikos and Asimina Mataftsi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:106

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Congenital cataract is currently one of the leading blindness-causing eye diseases in children. Surgical treatment only opens the visual pathway for children. The postoperative recovery of visual function is a...

    Authors: Junjue Chen, Ping Sun, Yan Wei and Xiaoli Kang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:81

    Content type: Research article

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  15. This population based cross sectional study was conducted to detect amblyopia risk factors and myopia in a rural district of Northwestern Turkey by using PlusoptiX S12R (Photoscreener PlusoptiX Inc., Nuremberg...

    Authors: Silay Canturk Ugurbas, Numan Kucuk, Irem Isik, Atilla Alpay, Cagatay Buyukuysal and Suat Hayri Ugurbas

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:73

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Convergence and accommodative insufficiency represent the main cause of complaints during close visual work and can reduce visual performance and comfort. Knowing their prevalence among schoolchildren is funda...

    Authors: Amélia F. Nunes, Pedro M. L. Monteiro, Francisco B. P. Ferreira and António S. Nunes

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:58

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Core Outcome Sets (COS) are defined as the minimum sets of outcomes that should be measured and reported in all randomised controlled trials to facilitate combination and comparability of research. The aim of ...

    Authors: Samia Al Jabri, Jamie Kirkham and Fiona J. Rowe

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:47

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:71

  18. Pediatric ocular trauma is a major source of morbidity and blindness and the number of epidemiological studies is incommensurate with its significance. We sought to determine differences in epidemiologic patte...

    Authors: Ryan Gise, Timothy Truong, Afshin Parsikia and Joyce N. Mbekeani

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:37

    Content type: Research article

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  19. The ability to extract depth from disparity may be hindered under fusional stress, as alignment of the eyes may be more difficult to maintain consistently. Therefore we aim to determine the effect of fusional ...

    Authors: Laurence P. Tidbury, Anna R. O’Connor and Sophie M. Wuerger

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:6

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Severe retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) with extremely unfavorable prognosis among infants can do great damage to individuals and bring tremendous social-economic burden. The purpose of this study is to descri...

    Authors: Guo-rui Dou, Man-hong Li, Zi-feng Zhang, Yi-na Lu, Yan-ni Zhu, Hai-yan Wang, Jing Wang, Xiao-jie Wang, Jing Fan and Yu-sheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:307

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  21. Previous techniques resulted with low rates of successful fusion after the surgeries and high necessity of additional surgeries in the treatment of thyroid orbitopathy related strabismus. In this study, review...

    Authors: Ahmet Murat Sarici, Burak Mergen, Velittin Oguz and Cezmi Dogan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:305

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  22. The aim was, first, to collect normative data of the optic nerve head and the peripapillary retinal nerve fibre layer (RNFL) thickness assessed with Cirrus SD-OCT, in healthy children in a population-based stu...

    Authors: Eva Larsson, Anna Molnar and Gerd Holmström

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:270

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Recent studies using optical coherence tomography (OCT) have indicated that choroidal thickness (CT) in the anisometropic amblyopic eye is thicker than that of the fellow and normal control eyes. However, it h...

    Authors: Syunsuke Araki, Atsushi Miki, Katsutoshi Goto, Tsutomu Yamashita, Go Takizawa, Kazuko Haruishi, Tsuyoshi Yoneda, Yoshiaki Ieki, Junichi Kiryu, Goro Maehara and Kiyoshi Yaoeda

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:227

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  24. Direct damage to the superior rectus (SR) muscle insertion following upper lid blepharoplasty has not been reported. We document a rare case of vertical diplopia due to direct damage to the SR muscle insertion...

    Authors: Ju-Yeun Lee, Kyuyeon Cho, Daye Diana Choi, Kyung-Ah Park, Kyung In Woo, Yoon-Duck Kim and Sei Yeul Oh

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:187

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  25. Many studies have shown that patients with intermittent exotropia have different degrees of damage to their stereopsis function. The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of different refractive statu...

    Authors: Dong Han, Danni Jiang, Jiahuan Zhang, Tianxu Pei and Qi Zhao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:143

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  26. To identify and compare specific protein levels between overacting inferior oblique (IO) muscles in superior oblique (SO) palsy patients and normal IO muscles.

    Authors: Yeon Woong Chung, Jun Sub Choi and Sun Young Shin

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:128

    Content type: Research article

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  27. The prevalence of adolescent eye disease in remote areas of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has rarely been reported. To understand the prevalence of common eye diseases in Tibet, we performed ocular-disease screeni...

    Authors: Xuehan Qian, Beihong Liu, Jing Wang, Nan Wei, Xiaoli Qi, Xue Li, Jing Li, Ying Zhang, Ning Hua, Yuxian Ning, Gang Ding, Xu Ma and Binbin Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:118

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. To identify the prevention situation, the main factors influencing prevention effects and to develop control measures over retinopathy of prematurity in China.

    Authors: Shuman Xu, Zhijiang Liang, Qiyun Du, Zhankui Li, Guangming Tan, Chuan Nie, Yang Yang, Xuzai Lv, Chunyi Zhang and Xianqiong Luo

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:44

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  29. Sparganosis is one of the neglected but important food-borne parasitic zoonoses, with higher prevalence in Asian countries. The infection is commonly located in the subcutaneous tissue, brain, breast, and lung...

    Authors: Xin Xie, Jianghua Hu, Guizhen Sun, Bo Ding and Lei Feng

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:13

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

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