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Pediatrics and Strabismus

Section Edited by Virender Sachdeva

This section will consider studies on all aspects of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus, including prevention, diagnosis and management of strabismus ocular disease in children, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology and epidemiology. The section particularly welcomes prospective clinical studies, especially randomized controlled trials.

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  1. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies using optical coherence tomography (OCT) have indicated that choroidal thickness (CT) in the anisometropic amblyopic eye is thicker than that of the fellow and normal control eyes. However, it h...

    Authors: Syunsuke Araki, Atsushi Miki, Katsutoshi Goto, Tsutomu Yamashita, Go Takizawa, Kazuko Haruishi, Tsuyoshi Yoneda, Yoshiaki Ieki, Junichi Kiryu, Goro Maehara and Kiyoshi Yaoeda

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:227

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  2. Content type: Case report

    Direct damage to the superior rectus (SR) muscle insertion following upper lid blepharoplasty has not been reported. We document a rare case of vertical diplopia due to direct damage to the SR muscle insertion...

    Authors: Ju-Yeun Lee, Kyuyeon Cho, Daye Diana Choi, Kyung-Ah Park, Kyung In Woo, Yoon-Duck Kim and Sei Yeul Oh

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:187

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have shown that patients with intermittent exotropia have different degrees of damage to their stereopsis function. The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of different refractive statu...

    Authors: Dong Han, Danni Jiang, Jiahuan Zhang, Tianxu Pei and Qi Zhao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:143

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  4. Content type: Research article

    To identify and compare specific protein levels between overacting inferior oblique (IO) muscles in superior oblique (SO) palsy patients and normal IO muscles.

    Authors: Yeon Woong Chung, Jun Sub Choi and Sun Young Shin

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:128

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of adolescent eye disease in remote areas of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has rarely been reported. To understand the prevalence of common eye diseases in Tibet, we performed ocular-disease screeni...

    Authors: Xuehan Qian, Beihong Liu, Jing Wang, Nan Wei, Xiaoli Qi, Xue Li, Jing Li, Ying Zhang, Ning Hua, Yuxian Ning, Gang Ding, Xu Ma and Binbin Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:118

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  6. Content type: Research article

    To identify the prevention situation, the main factors influencing prevention effects and to develop control measures over retinopathy of prematurity in China.

    Authors: Shuman Xu, Zhijiang Liang, Qiyun Du, Zhankui Li, Guangming Tan, Chuan Nie, Yang Yang, Xuzai Lv, Chunyi Zhang and Xianqiong Luo

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:44

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Sparganosis is one of the neglected but important food-borne parasitic zoonoses, with higher prevalence in Asian countries. The infection is commonly located in the subcutaneous tissue, brain, breast, and lung...

    Authors: Xin Xie, Jianghua Hu, Guizhen Sun, Bo Ding and Lei Feng

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:13

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Retinal artery occlusion is extremely rare in the pediatric population and most patients have risk factors. We report a case of a healthy child with segmental optic atrophy, complicated by incidental branch re...

    Authors: Ji Hyung Choi, Hee Kyung Yang and Ji Eun Lee

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:256

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  9. Content type: Case report

    The authors report a case of a rare complication that occurred after botulinum toxin injection to the extraocular muscle, which was easily overlooked and successfully corrected by surgery.

    Authors: Dong Hyun Lee, Jinu Han, Sueng-Han Han, Sung Chul Lee and Min Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:249

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  10. Content type: Research article

    We needed to validate and calibrate our portable acuity screening tools so amblyopia could be detected quickly and effectively at school entry.

    Authors: Maya Tsao Wu, M. Diane Armitage, Claire Trujillo, Anna Trujillo, Laura E. Arnold, Lauren Tsao Wu and Robert W. Arnold

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:232

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  11. Content type: Research article

    Limited data exist collating most of the associated factors for strabismus in one analysis. The aim of this study was to assess the prevalence of strabismus and to analyse associated factors in former preterm ...

    Authors: Achim Fieß, Ruth Kölb-Keerl, Alexander K. Schuster, Markus Knuf, Bernd Kirchhof, Philipp S. Muether and Jacqueline Bauer

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:228

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  12. Content type: Research article

    In many countries, access to general health and eye care is related to an individual’s socioeconomic status (SES). We aimed to examine the prevalence of oculo-visual disorders in children in Istanbul Turkey, d...

    Authors: Serap Azizoğlu, Sheila G. Crewther, Funda Şerefhan, Ayla Barutchu, Sinan Göker and Barbara M. Junghans

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:230

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Proper information on causes of childhood vision loss is essential in developing appropriate strategies and programs to address such causes. This study aimed at identifying the causes of vision loss in childre...

    Authors: Rajendra Gyawali, Bharat Kumar Bhayal, Rabindra Adhikary, Arjun Shrestha and Rabindra Prasad Sah

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:209

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The near work and outdoor activity are the most important environmental risk factors for myopia. However, data from Chinese rural children are relatively rare and remain controversial. Therefore, the purpose o...

    Authors: Zhong Lin, Tie Ying Gao, Balamurali Vasudevan, Kenneth J. Ciuffreda, Yuan Bo Liang, Vishal Jhanji, Su Jie Fan, Wei Han and Ning Li Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:203

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the project is to retrospectively study the changes in bacterial pathogens in acute neonatal bacterial conjunctivitis from 2002 to 2016 in Southern China. The results may provide the guidance for dr...

    Authors: Song Tang, Ming Li, Hongbo Chen, Guo Ping, Chun Zhang and Shusheng Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:174

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  16. Content type: Research article

    To investigate macular retinal and choroidal thickness in amblyopic eyes compared to that in fellow and normal eyes using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT).

    Authors: Syunsuke Araki, Atsushi Miki, Katsutoshi Goto, Tsutomu Yamashita, Go Takizawa, Kazuko Haruishi, Yoshiaki Ieki, Junichi Kiryu and Kiyoshi Yaoeda

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:167

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  17. Content type: Case report

    This is the youngest case of Coats’ disease, in terms of postmenstrual age (PMA), to be reported in the literature. This case highlights the remarkable variations in the clinical manifestations and the very ea...

    Authors: Jie Peng, Qi Zhang, Chunli Chen, Qiujing Huang, Yian Li and Peiquan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:145

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether the lifestyle and body stature are significantly associated with the axial length (AL) of the eyes of Japanese third grade students.

    Authors: Hiroto Terasaki, Takehiro Yamashita, Naoya Yoshihara, Yuya Kii and Taiji Sakamoto

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:123

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The gold standard treatments in amblyopia are penalizing therapies, such as patching or blurring vision with atropine that are aimed at forcing the use of the amblyopic eye. However, in the last years, new the...

    Authors: Peter Žiak, Anders Holm, Juraj Halička, Peter Mojžiš and David P Piñero

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:105

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Myopia is a leading cause of preventable blindness. Although, multiple cross-sectional epidemiological studies have confirmed that there is a high prevalence of myopia in high school-aged students in China. Ho...

    Authors: Yan Li, Jia Liu and Pengcheng Qi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:88

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  21. Content type: Research article

    A significant increase in myopia among children and teenagers can be observed all over the world. Yet at the same time, there is still an insignificant number of studies concerning this health problem.

    Authors: Joanna B. Łazarczyk, Beata Urban, Beata Konarzewska, Agata Szulc, Alina Bakunowicz-Łazarczyk, Ewa Żmudzka, Urszula Kowzan, Napoleon Waszkiewicz and Karolina Juszczyk-Zajkowska

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:201

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Refractive errors, strabismus, nystagmus, amblyopia, and cortical visual impairment are observed in 50 to 90 % of patients with cerebral palsy. Ocular abnormalities are known to differ according to cerebral pa...

    Authors: Myung Jin Park, Yung Ju Yoo, Chin Youb Chung and Jeong-Min Hwang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:195

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  23. Content type: Research article

    In 2014, the overall rate of smartphone use in Korea was 83 and 89.8 % in children and adolescents. The rate of smartphone use differs according to region (urban vs. rural) and age (younger grade vs. older gra...

    Authors: Jun Hyung Moon, Kyoung Woo Kim and Nam Ju Moon

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:188

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Postoperative adhesion is one of the major complications of strabismus surgery and result in motility dysfunction that brings unpredictable surgical outcomes. However, there was no definitely accepted treatmen...

    Authors: Sang Uk Choi, Kyoung Woo Kim and Nam Ju Moon

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:166

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Myopia has become a significant global public health concern, and is highly prevalent worldwide especially in Asian countries. It is associated with genetic factors as well as socioeconomic status; however, th...

    Authors: Xiaoyan Wu, Guopeng Gao, Juxiang Jin, Wenjuan Hua, Liming Tao, Shaojun Xu and Fangbiao Tao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:151

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Myopia-related maculopathy is one of the leading causes of blindness in the world. The prevalence of myopia has been reported as high as 90 % in some Asian countries. Therefore, controlling myopia progression ...

    Authors: Chia-Yi Lee, Chi-Chin Sun, Yi-Fang Lin and Ken-Kuo Lin

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:114

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