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Pediatrics and Strabismus

This section will consider studies on all aspects of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus, including prevention, diagnosis and management of strabismus ocular disease in children, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology and epidemiology. The section particularly welcomes prospective clinical studies, especially randomized controlled trials.

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  1. To calculate and evaluate the prevalence of reduced uncorrected distant visual acuity (UCDVA) in primary, middle and high schools in 6 districts of Changsha, Hunan, China.

    Authors: Menglian Liao, Zehuai Cai, Muhammad Ahmad Khan, Wenjie Miao, Ding Lin and Qiongyan Tang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:347

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  2. 22q11.2 duplication syndrome (Dup22q11.2) has reduced penetrance and variable expressivity. Those affected may have intellectual disabilities, dysmorphic facial features, and ocular alterations such as ptosis,...

    Authors: Claudia Valencia-Peña, Paula Jiménez-Sanchez, Wilmar Saldarriaga and César Payán-Gómez

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:333

    Content type: Case report

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  3. The purpose was to study the macular ganglion cell- inner plexiform layer (GC-IPL) thickness in healthy 6.5 year- old Swedish children using Optical Coherence Tomography (OCT) and to study topography symmetry ...

    Authors: Urszula Arnljots, Maria Nilsson, Ida Hed Myrberg, Ulrika Åden and Kerstin Hellgren

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:329

    Content type: Research article

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  4. To compare surgical outcomes and complications of three inferior oblique weakening procedures; Inferior Oblique Myectomy (IOM), Inferior Oblique combined Resection-Anterior Transposition (IORAT) and Inferior O...

    Authors: Mohamed F. Farid, Mohamed Anany and Marwa Abdelshafy

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:298

    Content type: Research article

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  5. Tibetan Plateau is a highland area with special geographical location, time zone, and ethnic composition. We herein report the rationale, methodology and baseline data of the school-based childhood cohort stud...

    Authors: Weiwei Chen, Jing Fu, Zhaojun Meng, Lei Li, Han Su, Wei Dai and Yao Yao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:250

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:314

  6. Intraocular medulloepithelioma is commonly treated with primary enucleation. Conservative treatment options include brachytherapy, local resection and/or cryotherapy in selected cases. We report for the first ...

    Authors: Christina Stathopoulos, Marie-Claire Gaillard, Julie Schneider and Francis L. Munier

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:239

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  7. To detect significant factors associated with excessive postoperative exo-drift in young patients with intermittent exotropia who had undergone unilateral lateral rectus muscle recession and medial rectus musc...

    Authors: Shin Morisawa, Ichiro Hamasaki, Kiyo Shibata, Takehiro Shimizu, Reika Kono, Manabu Miyata, Takashi Furuse, Satoshi Hasebe, Hiroshi Ohtsuki, Yuki Morizane and Fumio Shiraga

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:216

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Many treatments are currently available for amblyopic patients; although, the comparative efficacy of these therapies is unclear. We conducted a systematic review and network meta-analysis (NMA) to establish t...

    Authors: Yonghong Li, Huan Sun, Xiaojuan Zhu, Yana Su, Tianqi Yu, Xinyu Wu, Xiaoqin Zhou and Li Jing

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:203

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Assessment of interobserver reproducibility and interocular symmetry using optical coherence tomography (OCT)–based measurements of the macular ganglion cell complex (GCC) in healthy children facilitates inter...

    Authors: Alicia Muñoz-Gallego, Javier De la Cruz, Martín Rodríguez-Salgado, José L. Torres-Peña, Javier Sambricio, Ana Ortueta-Olartecoechea and Pilar Tejada-Palacios

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:197

    Content type: Research article

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  10. China has been undergoing dramatic economic development, accompanied by increased education load on the young children. This study is to investigate the prevalence, type, severity, and associated risk factors ...

    Authors: Jianyong Wang, Qianqian Ellie Cheng, Xiaojin Fu, Ronghua Zhang, Jia Meng, Fang Gu, Juanjuan Li and Gui-shuang Ying

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:155

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Myopic eyes are longer than nonmyopic eyes and have thinner choroids. The purpose of present study was to investigate whether a thinner subfoveal choroid at 11 years of age predicted axial eye elongation and m...

    Authors: Mathias Hvidtfelt Hansen, Line Kessel, Xiao Qiang Li, Anne Mette Skovgaard, Michael Larsen and Inger Christine Munch

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:152

    Content type: Research article

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  12. The prevalence of myopia and associated risk factors among children in Chongqing has not yet been determined. This study investigated the prevalence of myopia and possible relationships between myopia and seve...

    Authors: Zhihao Xie, Yue Long, Jingxuan Wang, Qiaoqiao Li and Qiang Zhang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:146

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Trachoma is a contagious infection of the eye. World Health Organization recommended three rounds of mass drug administration in districts where the prevalence of trachomatous follicular (TF) is ≥10% in childr...

    Authors: Gebremeskel Reda, Dejen Yemane and Aregawi Gebreyesus

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:144

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Pupillary evaluation is a crucial element of physical exams. Noting size, reactivity, and consensual response is critical in assessing for optic nerve dysfunction. We aim to establish normative data for scotop...

    Authors: Sanket S. Shah, Hantamalala Ralay Ranaivo, Rebecca B. Mets-Halgrimson, Karen Rychlik and Sudhi P. Kurup

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:121

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Peters plus syndrome (PPS) is a combination of congenital Peters anomaly and systemic abnormalities. It is inherited most commonly in an autosomal recessive pattern with homozygous B3GLCT mutations. Ocular findin...

    Authors: Ye Elaine Wang, Dhariana Acon Ramirez, Ta Chen Chang and Audina Berrocal

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:118

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Postoperative nausea and vomiting (PONV) are common side-effects following strabismus surgery. The present study aimed to compare the effects of different doses of dexmedetomidine (DEX) on PONV incidence in pe...

    Authors: Shuangshuang Li, Tingjie Liu, Junming Xia, Jie Jia and Wenxian Li

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:86

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The primary aim was to estimate the incidence of primary and secondary childhood glaucoma in Scotland over a 2-year period. The secondary aim was to gauge the confidence and experience of ophthalmologists in S...

    Authors: Daniel Beck, Martin Galea, Cheng Yi Loo, Conrad Schmoll, Frederick R. Burgess, Donald Montgomery and Andrew J. Tatham

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:76

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Primary objective of this review was to measure compliance with spectacle use in children with refractive errors. Secondary objective was to understand the reasons for non-compliance.

    Authors: Nonita Dhirar, Sankalp Dudeja, Mona Duggal, Parul Chawla Gupta, Nishant Jaiswal, Meenu Singh and Jagat Ram

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:71

    Content type: Research article

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  19. To describe factors which influence the age at detection and age at presentation of patients with childhood cataract at a tertiary eye care facility in Southwest Nigeria.

    Authors: Bolutife Ayokunnu Olusanya, Mary Ogbenyi Ugalahi, Adegbola Oluwagbemiga Adeyemo and Aderonke Mojisola Baiyeroju

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:38

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Tractional retinal detachment with or without secondary tear is a rare complication reported in less than 0.5% of in eyes treated for retinoblastoma. Pars plana vitrectomy (PPV) in eyes with history of retinob...

    Authors: Christina Stathopoulos, Jessica Sergenti, Marie-Claire Gaillard, Francis L. Munier and Alejandra Daruich

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:34

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  21. Superior oblique weakening is a common method to treat A-pattern strabismus. This study aims to evaluate the surgical results of the bilateral superior oblique posterior tenectomy procedure to treat A-pattern ...

    Authors: Yan Wei, Ling-Yan Dong, Pei-quan Zhao and Xiao-li Kang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:32

    Content type: Research article

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  22. To evaluate the prevalence and risk factors associated with myopia and high myopia in children in South Korea.

    Authors: Hyuna Kim, Jin Seok Seo, Woong-Sun Yoo, Gyu-Nam Kim, Rock Bum Kim, Jae Eun Chae, Inyoung Chung, Seong-Wook Seo and Seong Jae Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:31

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Due to high prevalence myopia has gained importance in epidemiological studies. Children with early onset are at particular risk of complications associated with myopia, as progression over time might result i...

    Authors: Andrzej Grzybowski, Piotr Kanclerz, Kazuo Tsubota, Carla Lanca and Seang-Mei Saw

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:27

    Content type: Review

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  24. Prevention of myopia has become a public health priority in China. This study is to investigate the prevalence of myopia and vision impairment, and their associated factors in school students in eastern China.

    Authors: Jianyong Wang, Gui-shuang Ying, Xiaojin Fu, Ronghua Zhang, Jia Meng, Fang Gu and Juanjuan Li

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2020 20:2

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  25. To evaluate the results of unilateral inferior oblique anterior transposition (IOAT) for markedly asymmetric dissociated vertical deviation (DVD) combined with inferior oblique over-action (IOOA).

    Authors: Shuang-Qing Wu, Qi-Bin Xu, Wen-Yan Sheng and Li-Wei Zhu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:196

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Undetected vision problems is an important cause of reduced academic achievement, performance in everyday life and self-esteem. This receives little attention in national health care services in Norway even th...

    Authors: Helle K. Falkenberg, Trine Langaas and Ellen Svarverud

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:180

    Content type: Research article

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  27. To investigate the area of foveal avascular zone (FAZ) and macular vessel density (VD) after correction for magnification error in unilateral amblyopia using optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA).

    Authors: Syunsuke Araki, Atsushi Miki, Katsutoshi Goto, Tsutomu Yamashita, Tsuyoshi Yoneda, Kazuko Haruishi, Yoshiaki Ieki, Junichi Kiryu, Goro Maehara and Kiyoshi Yaoeda

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:171

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  28. Persistent hyperplastic primary vitreous (PHPV) is a rare congenital developmental ocular disorder caused by incomplete regression of the embryonic hyaloid vasculature. Here we report a case of nonsurgical uni...

    Authors: Jianqing Li, Jiaju Zhang and Peirong Lu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:161

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. Myopia is a common visual disorder with increasing prevalence. Halting progression of myopia is critical, as high myopia can be complicated by a number of vision-compromising conditions.

    Authors: Efthymia Prousali, Anna-Bettina Haidich, Andreas Fontalis, Nikolaos Ziakas, Periklis Brazitikos and Asimina Mataftsi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:106

    Content type: Research article

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  30. Congenital cataract is currently one of the leading blindness-causing eye diseases in children. Surgical treatment only opens the visual pathway for children. The postoperative recovery of visual function is a...

    Authors: Junjue Chen, Ping Sun, Yan Wei and Xiaoli Kang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:81

    Content type: Research article

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  31. This population based cross sectional study was conducted to detect amblyopia risk factors and myopia in a rural district of Northwestern Turkey by using PlusoptiX S12R (Photoscreener PlusoptiX Inc., Nuremberg...

    Authors: Silay Canturk Ugurbas, Numan Kucuk, Irem Isik, Atilla Alpay, Cagatay Buyukuysal and Suat Hayri Ugurbas

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:73

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  32. Convergence and accommodative insufficiency represent the main cause of complaints during close visual work and can reduce visual performance and comfort. Knowing their prevalence among schoolchildren is funda...

    Authors: Amélia F. Nunes, Pedro M. L. Monteiro, Francisco B. P. Ferreira and António S. Nunes

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:58

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  33. Core Outcome Sets (COS) are defined as the minimum sets of outcomes that should be measured and reported in all randomised controlled trials to facilitate combination and comparability of research. The aim of ...

    Authors: Samia Al Jabri, Jamie Kirkham and Fiona J. Rowe

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:47

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:71

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