Pediatrics and Strabismus

Section Edited by Virender Sachdeva

This section will consider studies on all aspects of pediatric ophthalmology and strabismus, including prevention, diagnosis and management of strabismus ocular disease in children, as well as related molecular genetics, pathophysiology and epidemiology. The section particularly welcomes prospective clinical studies, especially randomized controlled trials.

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  1. Research article

    Macular retinal and choroidal thickness in unilateral amblyopia using swept-source optical coherence tomography

    To investigate macular retinal and choroidal thickness in amblyopic eyes compared to that in fellow and normal eyes using swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT).

    Syunsuke Araki, Atsushi Miki, Katsutoshi Goto, Tsutomu Yamashita, Go Takizawa, Kazuko Haruishi, Yoshiaki Ieki, Junichi Kiryu and Kiyoshi Yaoeda

    BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:167

    Published on: 15 September 2017

  2. Research article

    Amblyopia treatment of adults with dichoptic training using the virtual reality oculus rift head mounted display: preliminary results

    The gold standard treatments in amblyopia are penalizing therapies, such as patching or blurring vision with atropine that are aimed at forcing the use of the amblyopic eye. However, in the last years, new the...

    Peter Žiak, Anders Holm, Juraj Halička, Peter Mojžiš and David P Piñero

    BMC Ophthalmology 2017 17:105

    Published on: 28 June 2017

  3. Research article

    The differences in level of trait anxiety among girls and boys aged 13–17 years with myopia and emmetropia

    A significant increase in myopia among children and teenagers can be observed all over the world. Yet at the same time, there is still an insignificant number of studies concerning this health problem.

    Joanna B. Łazarczyk, Beata Urban, Beata Konarzewska, Agata Szulc, Alina Bakunowicz-Łazarczyk, Ewa Żmudzka, Urszula Kowzan, Napoleon Waszkiewicz and Karolina Juszczyk-Zajkowska

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:201

    Published on: 14 November 2016

  4. Research article

    Ocular findings in patients with spastic type cerebral palsy

    Refractive errors, strabismus, nystagmus, amblyopia, and cortical visual impairment are observed in 50 to 90 % of patients with cerebral palsy. Ocular abnormalities are known to differ according to cerebral pa...

    Myung Jin Park, Yung Ju Yoo, Chin Youb Chung and Jeong-Min Hwang

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:195

    Published on: 8 November 2016

  5. Research article

    Effective treatment for prevention of post-operative adhesion after strabismus surgery in experimental rabbit model: 0.5 % tranilast ophthalmic solution

    Postoperative adhesion is one of the major complications of strabismus surgery and result in motility dysfunction that brings unpredictable surgical outcomes. However, there was no definitely accepted treatmen...

    Sang Uk Choi, Kyoung Woo Kim and Nam Ju Moon

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:166

    Published on: 21 September 2016

  6. Research article

    Housing type and myopia: the mediating role of parental myopia

    Myopia has become a significant global public health concern, and is highly prevalent worldwide especially in Asian countries. It is associated with genetic factors as well as socioeconomic status; however, th...

    Xiaoyan Wu, Guopeng Gao, Juxiang Jin, Wenjuan Hua, Liming Tao, Shaojun Xu and Fangbiao Tao

    BMC Ophthalmology 2016 16:151

    Published on: 31 August 2016

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