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Table 3 Factors associated with the ocular morbidity in three ecological regions

From: Factors associated with childhood ocular morbidity and blindness in three ecological regions of Nepal: Nepal pediatric ocular disease study

Description

Ocular disease present N (%)

Ocular disease absent N (%)

Chi-square test

P value

Demographic factors

    

Region

Terai

116(2.2%)

5092(97.7%)

0.000

Hill

78(2.5%)

3058(97.5%)

Mountain

180(9.3%)

1746(90.7%)

Age (years)

<5

96(2.5%)

3789(97.5%)

0.000

> = 5-10

278(4.4%)

6107(95.6%)

Sex

Female

172(3.4%)

4916(96.6%)

0.16

Male

202(3.9%)

4980(96.1%)

Religion

Hindu

140(2.7%)

5097(97.3%)

0.000

Buddhist

184(6.8%)

2523(93.2%)

Christian

15(2.5%)

582(97.5%)

0thers

35(2.0%)

1694(98.0)

Type of family

Nuclear

237(3.6%)

6314(96.4%)

0.37

Joint

117(3.9%)

2890(96.1%)

Extended

20(2.8%)

692(97.2%)

Maternal factors

    

History of marriage (Consanguinity)

Yes

175(7.0%)

2332(93.0%)

0.000

No

199(2.6%)

7555(97.4%)

Mothers education

Literate

117(3.0%)

3733(97.0)

0.006

Illiterate

257(4.0%)

6163(96%)

Mother’s smoking habit

Yes

117(3.0%)

3742(97.0%)

0.01

No

257(4.0%)

6154(96.0%)

Mother’s alcohol habit

Yes

142(7.1%)

1883(92.9%)

0

No

2326(2.8%)

8013(97.2%)

ANC period

Uneventful

339(3.7%)

8774(96.3%)

0.23

Eventful

35(3.0%)

1122(97.0%)

Biological factors

    

Birth history

Full term

373(3.6%)

9885(96.4%)

0.48

Preterm

1(14.3%)

10(85.7%)

Place of birth

Home

348(3.7%)

8949(96.3%)

0.9

HF

26(2.7%)

947(97.3%)

Type of delivery

Normal

372(3.6%)

9825(96.4%)

0.93

Forceps

1(4.3%)

22(95.7%)

Vacuum

0(0)

3(100%)

C/S

1(2.1%)

46(97.9%)

Postnatal period

Uneventful

370(3.6%)

9881(96.4%)

0.000

Eventful

4(21.1%)

15(78.9%)

Immunization

Yes

360(3.5%)

9797(96.5%)

0.000

No

14(12.4%)

99(87.6%)

Previous ocular surgery/treatment

Yes

10(21.7%)

36(78.3%)

0.000

No

364(3.6%)

9860(96.4%)

Systemic illness

Yes

5(23.8%)

16(76.2%)

0.000

No

369(3.6%)

9879(96.4%)