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  1. Content type: Research article

    Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a disorder of the developing retina of preterm infants due to defective vasculogenesis. The aim of the study was to analyze the level of awareness, knowledge, attitude and p...

    Authors: Mohammad T. Akkawi, Jamal A. S. Qaddumi, Hala R. M. Issa and Liana J. K. Yaseen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:195

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The prognostic value of the ocular trauma score (OTS) in patients who underwent 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (23-G PPV) for surgical removal of posterior segment metallic intaocular foreign bodies (IOFB) was...

    Authors: Dilek Yaşa, Zeynep Gizem Erdem, Ali Demircan, Gökhan Demir and Zeynep Alkın

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:194

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  3. Content type: Research article

    Mass drug administration with antibiotics predominantly with azithromycin is one of the four arms of the SAFE strategy. The elimination of ocular chlamydial infection is only achieved as long as the azithromyc...

    Authors: Zelalem Tilahun and Teferi Gedif Fenta

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:193

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  4. Content type: Research article

    In this study, we evaluated the effects of intermittent high glucose on oxidative stress production in retinal pigmented epithelial (RPE) cells and explored whether the mechanisms of autophagy and apoptosis in...

    Authors: Wei Zhang, Jian Song, Yue Zhang, Yingxue Ma, Jing Yang, Guanghui He and Song Chen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:192

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  5. Content type: Research article

    Fixation changes in glaucoma are generally overlooked, as they are not strikingly evident as in macular diseases. Fundus perimetry might give additional insights into this aspect, along with traditional perime...

    Authors: Giovanni Montesano, David P. Crabb, Pete R. Jones, Paolo Fogagnolo, Maurizio Digiuni and Luca M. Rossetti

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:191

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The distribution of uveitis varies with genetic, ethnic, geographic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Epidemiological information about the patterns of uveitis is useful when an ophthalmologist considers ...

    Authors: Shintaro Shirahama, Toshikatsu Kaburaki, Hisae Nakahara, Rie Tanaka, Mitsuko Takamoto, Yujiro Fujino, Hidetoshi Kawashima and Makoto Aihara

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:189

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Numerous studies have suggested that the integrity of the cone interdigitation zone (IZ) could be considered to be a marker of photoreceptor damage and its recovery. However, little is known about the IZ in he...

    Authors: Ruiping Gu, Guohua Deng, Yi Jiang, Chunhui Jiang and Gezhi Xu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:188

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Direct damage to the superior rectus (SR) muscle insertion following upper lid blepharoplasty has not been reported. We document a rare case of vertical diplopia due to direct damage to the SR muscle insertion...

    Authors: Ju-Yeun Lee, Kyuyeon Cho, Daye Diana Choi, Kyung-Ah Park, Kyung In Woo, Yoon-Duck Kim and Sei Yeul Oh

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:187

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  9. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the characteristics of retinal vessels and retinal thickness in eyes with early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with or without reticular pseudodrusen.

    Authors: So Min Ahn, Suk Yeon Lee, Soon-Young Hwang, Seong-Woo Kim, Jaeryung Oh and Cheolmin Yun

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:184

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Orbital exenteration is a disfiguring procedure that aims to achieve local control. It is commonly a part of the management of malignant orbital tumor which is a life-threatening condition. It is necessary to ...

    Authors: Orapan Aryasit, Passorn Preechawai, Chakree Hirunpat, Orasa Horatanaruang and Penny Singha

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:186

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  11. Content type: Research article

    To investigate corneal densitometry values obtained using Scheimpflug tomography in normal and highly myopic (HM) eyes and to assess the differences in densitometry values between them.

    Authors: Jing Dong, Yaqin Zhang, Haining Zhang, Zhijie Jia, Suhua Zhang, Bin Sun, Yongqing Han and Xiaogang Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:182

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  12. Content type: Study protocol

    Macular neovascular diseases can cause severe vision loss. A newly approved anti—VEGF drug Conbercept has shown good efficacy and safety in rigorous random controlled trials (RCT), however, it cannot fully ref...

    Authors: Jin Jing, Shen Yinchen, Chen Xia, Wang Jing, Chen Chong, Xu Xun, Huang Hengye and Liu Kun

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:181

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Hyperreflective foci have been described in OCT imaging of patients with retinal vascular diseases. It has been suggested that they may play a role as a prognostic factor of visual outcomes in these diseases. ...

    Authors: Barbara Berasategui, Alex Fonollosa, Joseba Artaraz, Ioana Ruiz-Arruza, Jose Ríos, Jessica Matas, Victor Llorenç, David Diaz-Valle, Marina Sastre-Ibañez, Pedro Arriola-Villalobos and Alfredo Adan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:179

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The anatomical success rate of macular hole surgery ranges around 93–98%. However, the prognosis of large macular holes is generally poor. The study was conducted to compare the anatomical and visual outcomes ...

    Authors: Naresh Babu Kannan, Piyush Kohli, Haemoglobin Parida, O. O. Adenuga and Kim Ramasamy

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:177

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Intraocular lenses (IOLs) with different diopter (D) intervals may have different tolerance, and may provide different accuracy of refractive outcome after cataract surgery. The aim of the study is to compare ...

    Authors: Minjung Kim, Youngsub Eom, Jong Suk Song and Hyo Myung Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:176

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  16. Content type: Case report

    Corneal ectasia after small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) is uncommon. To our knowledge, this is the first report of 3-year results of combined phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) and corneal collagen c...

    Authors: Qingman Ge, Chuanbo Cui, Jing Wang and Guoying Mu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:175

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Fungal keratitis (FK) is a sight-threatening disease, accounting for a significant portion with its complex presentation, suboptimal efficacy of the existing therapies and uncontrollable excessive innate infla...

    Authors: Xudong Peng, Guiqiu Zhao, Jing Lin, Jianqiu Qu, Yingxue Zhang and Cui Li

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:170

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  18. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate visual acuity, corneal astigmatism and corneal higher-order aberrations (HOAs) after implantation of trifocal diffractive IOLs operated with either a corneal steep-axis incision or 135° incision.

    Authors: Shasha Xue, Guiqiu Zhao, Xiaoni Yin, Jing Lin, Cui Li, Liting Hu, Lin Leng and Xuejiao Yang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:171

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  19. Content type: Research article

    To assess the safety and efficacy of two subthreshold parameters (5 and 15% duty cycle (DC)) compared to standard ETDRS (early treatment of diabetic retinopathy study) continuous wave (CW) laser.

    Authors: Jay Chhablani, Rayan Alshareef, David Ta Kim, Raja Narayanan, Abhilash Goud and Annie Mathai

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:168

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  20. Content type: Research article

    Bacteria in the conjunctiva present a potential risk of vitreous cavity infection during 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). Current preoperative procedures used in Sweden include irrigation with chlorhexidi...

    Authors: Nasser J. Gili, Torbjörn Noren, Eva Törnquist, Sven Crafoord and Anders Bäckman

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:167

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  21. Content type: Research article

    To determine the effect of age on the thickness of individual retinal and choroidal vascular layers in the macula in an ophthalmologically healthy Chinese cohort by using spectral-domain optical coherence tomo...

    Authors: Qian Xu, Ying Li, Ying Cheng and Yi Qu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:169

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  22. Content type: Research article

    The prospective observation study aimed to evaluate changes in corneal higher-order aberrations induced by advancement of pterygium using an anterior-segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and Zernike a...

    Authors: Keiichiro Minami, Tadatoshi Tokunaga, Keiichiro Okamoto, Kazunori Miyata and Tetsuro Oshika

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:166

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  23. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate clinical factors affecting postoperative vaulting in eyes that had achieved optimal vaulting within the range of 250–750 μm following implantation of 12.6-mm V4c implantable collamer lenses (ICL).

    Authors: Hun Lee, David Sung Yong Kang, Jin Young Choi, Byoung Jin Ha, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo and Tae-im Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:163

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Myopia is the leading cause of preventable blindness in children and young adults. Multiple epidemiological studies have confirmed a high prevalence of myopia in Asian countries. However, fewer longitudinal studi...

    Authors: Min Chen, Aimin Wu, Lina Zhang, Wei Wang, Xinyi Chen, Xiaoning Yu and Kaijun Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:159

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  25. Content type: Research article

    To determine postoperative refractive and visual outcomes and astigmatic changes after femtosecond laser astigmatic keratotomy in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS).

    Authors: Jing Wang, Jiangyue Zhao, Jun Xu and Jinsong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:161

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  26. Content type: Case report

    We report for the first time, a case of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) with implantation of a diffractive trifocal intraocular lens (IOL) after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK).

    Authors: Wei Wang, Shuang Ni, Xi Li, Xiang Chen, Yanan Zhu and Wen Xu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:160

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  27. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the prevalence of depression and anxiety among subjects with self-reported glaucoma and the association between self-reported glaucoma and depression respectively anxiety in a European cohort.

    Authors: J. Rezapour, S. Nickels, A. K. Schuster, M. Michal, T. Münzel, P. S. Wild, I. Schmidtmann, K. Lackner, A. Schulz, N. Pfeiffer and M. E. Beutel

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:157

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  28. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate inner retinal dimples after peeling of the inner limiting membrane (ILM) for macular holes (lamellar macular hole [LMH] and full-thickness macular hole [FTMH]) via multiple imaging modes of spectra...

    Authors: Jingjing Liu, Yiye Chen, Shiyuan Wang, Xiang Zhang and Peiquan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:155

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  29. Content type: Research article

    To compare the clinical outcomes of wavefront-optimized (WFO) transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (trans-PRK) and corneal wavefront-guided (CWFG) trans-PRK for myopic eyes with moderate to high astigma...

    Authors: Ikhyun Jun, David Sung Yong Kang, Samuel Arba-Mosquera, Jin Young Choi, Hyung Keun Lee, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo and Tae-im Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:154

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  30. Content type: Research article

    This study sought to identify factors associated with retinal detachment and retreatment of aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (APROP) initially treated with intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) injecti...

    Authors: Qizhe Tong, Hong Yin, Mingwei Zhao, Xiaoxin Li and Wenzhen Yu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:150

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  31. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study is to analyze and compare the progression of photoreceptor atrophy among siblings affected by retinitis pigmentosa by means of spectral SD-OCT.

    Authors: Leonardo Colombo, Giovanni Montesano, Barbara Sala, Fabio Patelli, Paolo Maltese, Andi Abeshi, Matteo Bertelli and Luca Rossetti

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:153

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  32. Content type: Research article

    In 2013 five polar explorers attempted to complete the first Trans-Antarctic Winter Traverse (TAWT). This study presents the ophthalmological findings for this group, who overwintered in Antarctica as part of ...

    Authors: Matthew H. Stahl, Alexander Kumar, Robert Lambert, Michael Stroud, David Macleod, Andrew Bastawrous, Tunde Peto and Matthew J. Burton

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:149

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Galloway-Mowat syndrome (GMS) is a rare autosomal recessive condition first described in 1968 and characterized by microcephaly and infantile onset of central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities resulting in se...

    Authors: Maha A. Al-Rakan, Manal D. Abothnain, Muhammad T. Alrifai and Majid Alfadhel

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:147

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  34. Content type: Research article

    To study the clinical outcomes of pigment epithelial detachment (PED) associated with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) in patients switched from Ranibizumab to Aflibercept.

    Authors: Pallavi Tyagi, Zain Juma, Yong Keen Hor, Neil W. Scott, Andreea Ionean and Cynthia Santiago

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:148

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