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  1. Content type: Case report

    The optimal treatment of serpiginous choroiditis is not established. While recent reports indicate the efficacy of adalimumab, there is limited evidence. We present a case of serpiginous choroiditis refractory...

    Authors: Kazunori Noda, Akio Oishi, Akihito Uji, Saori Tanaka and Akitaka Tsujikawa

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:95

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The exact pathogenesis of idiopathic choroidal neovascularization (ICNV) remains unclear. Cytokine-mediated inflammation has been thought to be involved in the pathophysiology of ICNV. The purpose of this stud...

    Authors: Shenchao Guo, Houfa Yin, Mingjie Zheng, Yizhen Tang, Bing Lu, Xinyi Chen, Qiuli Fu, Zhenwei Qin, Danni Lyu, Qiaomei Tang, Lifang Zhang, Jian Ma, Li Zhang and Xiaoyun Fang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:94

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  3. Content type: Technical advance

    The study aimed to assess the role of intraoperative mitomycin-C (MMC) application during hyperopic LASIK correction (+ 1.00 D to + 6.00 D) by examining topographic corneal changes and incidence of regression ...

    Authors: Ehab M. Moawad, Ahmed A. Abd Elghany, Amr A. Gab-Alla, Osama M. Elbassiouny and Mohsen S. Badawy

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:93

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), the primary cause of blindness in children, is a potential complication for 7.7% of live births in Mexico. Given that less than one-third of all neonatal intensive care units ...

    Authors: Roger Acevedo-Castellón, Paulina Ramírez-Neria and Renata García-Franco

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:91

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  5. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to perform a systematic review of the current literature on simulator-based training in vitreoretinal surgery (VRS). We examined the results regarding simulated VRS and provided a...

    Authors: Rasmus Christian Rasmussen, Jakob Grauslund and Anna Stage Vergmann

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:90

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The evidence on diagnostic test accuracy (DTA) of diabetic retinopathy (DR) screening utilising photographic studies by non-ophthalmologist personnel in low and middle-income country (LMIC) settings is scarce....

    Authors: Mapa Mudiyanselage Prabhath Nishantha Piyasena, Jennifer L. Y. Yip, David MacLeod, Min Kim and Venkata S. Murthy Gudlavalleti

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:89

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  7. Content type: Research article

    Small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) and femtosecond laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (FS-LASIK) are frequently used to treat myopia. However, little is known about the impact on recovery of these ...

    Authors: Ting Liu, Guanting Lu, Kaijian Chen, Qiuxia Kan and Ji Bai

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:88

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  8. Content type: Research article

    To report the clinical course and outcomes of adjunctive dexamethasone implants in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) and retinal detachment (RD) undergoing vitrectomy and silicone oil tamponade.

    Authors: Ah Ran Cho and Young Hee Yoon

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:86

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  9. Content type: Technical advance

    To report a surgical technique and the surgical outcomes of individualized penetrating keratoplasty (PK) using edge-trimmed glycerol-preserved donor corneas for perforated corneal ulcers.

    Authors: Guozhen Niu, Qi Zhou, Xinyu Huang, Sangsang Wang, Juan Zhang, Yushan Zhang and Yanlong Bi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:85

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  10. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the relationship between the foveal outer nuclear layer (ONL) thickness in the active and resolved phases of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC), and its possible association with optical coh...

    Authors: Jia Yu, Yuan Lei, Qing Chang, Gezhi Xu, Xiaofeng Ye, Lei Li and Chunhui Jiang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:84

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  11. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the effectiveness of intravitreal bevacizumab (IVB) and intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) in actual practice for treating patients with retinal diseases in Thailand.

    Authors: Suthasinee Kumluang, Lily Ingsrisawang, Sermsiri Sangroongruangsri, Usa Chaikledkaew, Tanapat Ratanapakorn, Paisan Ruamviboonsuk, Wongsiri Taweebanjongsin, Janejit Choovuthayakorn, Somanus Thoongsuwan, Prut Hanutsaha, Kittisak Kulvichit, Thitiporn Ratanapojnard, Warapat Wongsawad, Pattara Leelahavarong and Yot Teerawattananon

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:82

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Congenital cataract is currently one of the leading blindness-causing eye diseases in children. Surgical treatment only opens the visual pathway for children. The postoperative recovery of visual function is a...

    Authors: Junjue Chen, Ping Sun, Yan Wei and Xiaoli Kang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:81

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The study compares the wave-front aberration and corneal asphericity from multiple perspectives after Small Incision Lenticule Extraction and Laser-assisted Subepithelial Keratomileusis for mild to moderate my...

    Authors: Manrong Yu, Minjie Chen, Wangyuan Liu and Jinhui Dai

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:80

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Vitreomacular adhesion (VMA) has been reported to associated with age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Understanding the mechanisms underlying cyclic stretch induced in retinal pigment epithelial cells (RPE...

    Authors: Xida Liang, Zengyi Wang, Meng Gao, Shen Wu, Jingxue Zhang, Qian Liu, Yanping Yu, Jing Wang and Wu Liu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:79

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  15. Content type: Research article

    To compare the clinical performance of bifocal and trifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) in cataract surgery, a meta-analysis on randomized controlled trials was conducted.

    Authors: Shanshan Jin, David S. Friedman, Kai Cao, Mayinuer Yusufu, Jingshang Zhang, Jinda Wang, Simeng Hou, Guyu Zhu, Bingsong Wang, Ying Xiong, Jing Li, Xiaoxia Li, Hailong He and Xiuhua Wan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:78

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  16. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to investigate the completion rate, visual performance, and adverse outcomes of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) in Chinese patients.

    Authors: Xiaobo Zhang, Yinhui Yu, Guangbin Zhang, Yanwen Zhou, Guangyu Zhao, Maosheng Chen, Yong Wang, Siquan Zhu, Hong Zhang and Ke Yao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:77

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  17. Content type: Research article

    The objective of this study is to evaluate and compare the short-term efficacy and safety of Ex-PRESS® mini shunt surgery and trabeculectomy for neovascular glaucoma (NVG).

    Authors: Kazuyuki Kawabata, Kohei Shobayashi, Keiichiro Iwao, Eri Takahashi, Hidenobu Tanihara and Toshihiro Inoue

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:75

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Interface fluid syndrome (IFS) is an unusual complication after laser-assisted in-situ keratomileusis (LASIK). We report the first case of IFS after uncomplicated phacotrabeculectomy in a patient who had under...

    Authors: Chung Young Kim, Young Ho Jung, Eun Ji Lee, Joon Young Hyon, Kyu Hyung Park and Tae Woo Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:74

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  19. Content type: Research article

    This population based cross sectional study was conducted to detect amblyopia risk factors and myopia in a rural district of Northwestern Turkey by using PlusoptiX S12R (Photoscreener PlusoptiX Inc., Nuremberg...

    Authors: Silay Canturk Ugurbas, Numan Kucuk, Irem Isik, Atilla Alpay, Cagatay Buyukuysal and Suat Hayri Ugurbas

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:73

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  20. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the efficacy and safety of the retention ring-assisted continuous application of 0.1% riboflavin in pulsed-light accelerated corneal collagen cross-linking on the progression of keratoconus.

    Authors: Chung Young Kim and Mee Kum Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:72

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Focal choroidal excavation (FCE) is a common concurrent disease with central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) and choroidal neovascularization (CNV). Photodynamic therapy (PDT) was able to cease the course of CS...

    Authors: Yang Liu, Xin Wang, Min Zhu, Gezhi Xu and Lei Li

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:68

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  22. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the 6-month clinical outcomes of Flexivue Microlens refractive corneal inlay in emmetropic patients in Asia for the surgical compensation of presbyopia.

    Authors: Gyule Han, Dong Hui Lim, Chan Min Yang, Gil Ho Park, Dae-Young Park, Hyun Seung Moon, Jae Myung Lee, Jong Ho Lee and Tae-Young Chung

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:66

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  23. Content type: Research article

    Patients with primary angle closure/glaucoma (PAC/PACG) with extensive peripheral anterior synechiae (PAS), and coexisting cataract, increasingly have been treated with phacoemulsification combined with gonios...

    Authors: Tian Tian, Mei Li, Yingzi Pan, Yu Cai and Yuan Fang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:65

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Povidone-Iodine (PI) may be diluted when used as an antiseptic prior to an intravitreal injection in an attempt to decrease patient discomfort. This study aims to investigate the effect of diluting povidone-io...

    Authors: Sivashanth Gnanasekaran, Sophie Rogers, Sanj Wickremasinghe and Sukhpal S. Sandhu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:62

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Type 1 retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is occasionally observed in preterm infants after the postmenstrual age (PMA) of 40 weeks; however, evidence-based treatment guidelines are largely lacking. In this stud...

    Authors: Jiao Lyu, Qi Zhang, Chunli Chen, Yu Xu, Xunda Ji and Peiquan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:60

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  26. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the effects of anterior capsular opening size on deviation from predicted refraction and the effective position of the intraocular lens (ELP) in cataract surgery.

    Authors: Shixu Li, Yiping Hu, Ran Guo, Yushuang Shao, Jiangyue Zhao, Jinsong Zhang and Jing Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:59

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Convergence and accommodative insufficiency represent the main cause of complaints during close visual work and can reduce visual performance and comfort. Knowing their prevalence among schoolchildren is funda...

    Authors: Amélia F. Nunes, Pedro M. L. Monteiro, Francisco B. P. Ferreira and António S. Nunes

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:58

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Cataract patients were always excluded from studies on ageing of colour vision; thus, effect of age-related cataracts on deterioration of colour perception has not been analysed. In present study, impacts of a...

    Authors: Mingxin Ao, Xuemin Li, Weiqiang Qiu, Zhiqiang Hou, Jie Su and Wei Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:56

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  29. Content type: Research article

    To demonstrate that the Corvis ST could be used to quantify the biomechanical parameters of the orbital soft tissues by measuring and comparing whole eye movement (WEM) using the Corvis in normal eyes and in e...

    Authors: Ho Sik Hwang, Eun Chul Kim, Man Soo Kim and Suk-Woo Yang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:53

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  30. Content type: Research article

    To investigate structural and functional correlations in glaucoma patients using enhanced depth imaging spectral-domain optical coherence tomography (EDI OCT)-derived parameters.

    Authors: Flavio S. Lopes, Igor Matsubara, Izabela Almeida, Syril K. Dorairaj, Roberto M. Vessani, Augusto Paranhos Jr and Tiago S. Prata

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:52

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  31. Content type: Research article

    Migraine is linked to endothelial dysfunction and is considered to be a systemic vasculopathy. Interestingly, systemic vascular diseases also occur in glaucoma patients and are considered to be vascular risk f...

    Authors: Jehn-Yu Huang, Chien-Chia Su, Tsing-Hong Wang and I-Ju Tsai

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:50

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  32. Content type: Research article

    Many patients voice concerns regarding poor night vision, even when they see 20/20 or better in the exam room. During mesopic and scotopic conditions the pupil size increases, increasing the effects on visual ...

    Authors: Nicole M. Putnam, Balamurali Vasudevan, Andre Juarez, Cam Tu Le, Kristine Sam, Pablo de Gracia and Allissun Hoppert

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2019 19:49

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