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  1. The natural course of a vortex vein varix, though not well understood, has been known to remain stable. However, here we report a novel case of a vortex vein varix that resolved after an extended period of mon...

    Authors: Sara L Weidmayer and Hakan Demirci

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:101

    Content type: Case report

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  2. Numerous studies have confirmed the association of ambient temperature and air pollution with a higher risk of morbidities, yet few have addressed their effect on the ocular system. The purpose of this study w...

    Authors: S. Khalaila, T. Coreanu, A. Vodonos, I. Kloog, A. Shtein, L. E. Colwell, V. Novack and E. Tsumi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:100

    Content type: Research article

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  3. The use of a tissue patch graft is common practice with a glaucoma drainage device (GDD). Patch grafts can be visible in the palpebral fissure and may be cosmetically displeasing for some patients. The aim of ...

    Authors: Doaa S. Milibari, Dalal Fatani, Abeer Ahmad, Ohoud Owaidhah, Saleh A. AlObeidan, Faisal A. Almobarak and Rizwan Malik

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:99

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is known to occlude choroidal neovascularisation selectively, and there have been several reports on its adverse effects on the normal choroid and retinal pigment epithelium, resulti...

    Authors: Min Ho Kim, Yoo-Ri Chung and Ji Hun Song

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:98

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The prevalence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) varies from 6.8 to 18.3% for all forms of AMD and from 0.6 to 2.6% for late AMD according to race, suggesting the existence of genetic differences among...

    Authors: Hyun-Tae Shin, Byung Woo Yoon and Je Hyun Seo

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:97

    Content type: Research article

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  6. Globally, visual impairment affects about 285 million (4.25%) people, of those, 266.4 million were adults aged 18 years and above. Ethiopia is one of developing countries estimated to have high prevalence of v...

    Authors: Haimanot Abebe, Fasil Wagnew, Haymanot Zeleke, Bitew Tefera, Shegaw Tesfa and Tamene Fetene

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:96

    Content type: Research article

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  7. To analyze whether corneal refractive surgery (CRS) is associated with the distribution of different accommodative dysfunctions (ADs) and binocular dysfunctions (BDs) in civilian pilots. A further aim was to a...

    Authors: Ye Wu, Zhen Zhang, Meng Liao, Qi Li, Xue Lin Tang and Longqian Liu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:95

    Content type: Research article

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  8. Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) is a type of age-related macular degeneration that can cause permanent vision loss. The purpose of this paper was to report the one-year outcomes of fixed-dosing afliber...

    Authors: Hun Gu Choo, Jin Hae Lee, Hyun Sub Oh, Soon Hyun Kim, Yong Sung You and Oh Woong Kwon

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:94

    Content type: Research article

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  9. Eye examination and vision assessment are vital for the detection of conditions that result in blindness. Childhood blindness seriously impacts the development, education, and future employment opportunities o...

    Authors: Tolosa Tufa Regassa, Kumale Tolesa Daba, Ido Didi Fabian and Aemero Abateneh Mengasha

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:91

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Anti–vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents have become the standard of care in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). Despite generally excellent response rates to anti-VEGF thera...

    Authors: Sam Razavi, Laurent Kodjikian, Audrey Giocanti-Aurégan, Ingrid Dufour and Eric Souied

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:90

    Content type: Research article

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  11. For clinical practice it is important to evaluate and compare anxiety, depression and quality of life of glaucoma patients with painless one-eye blindness and a normal fellow eye to unaffected age-matched indi...

    Authors: Gábor Holló, Nikolett Gabriella Sándor, Péter Kóthy and Anna Géczy

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:89

    Content type: Article

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  12. Myopia is hypothesized to be influenced by environmental light conditions. For example, it has been shown that colour and temporal frequency of flickering light affect emmetropisation in animals. Considering t...

    Authors: Liyue Zhang, Dongyu Guo, Chen Xie, Yingying Wen, Xuhong Zhang, Le Jin, Jianping Tong and Ye Shen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:88

    Content type: Research article

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  13. To acquire desirable outcomes of penetrating keratoplasty (PKP), various factors affecting graft survival, visual function, and subjective symptom should be considered. As ocular surface and meibomian gland fu...

    Authors: Kang Yoon Kim, Byunghoon Chung, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo, Ikhyun Jun and Tae-im Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:85

    Content type: Research article

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  14. To investigate the efficacy and predictability of Muller’s muscle-conjunctival resection (MMCR) with different lengths of tarsectomy for the treatment of unilateral mild-to-moderate blepharoptosis.

    Authors: So-Hung Yeh, Shu-Lang Liao and Yi-Hsuan Wei

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:83

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Quantitative assessment of vascular density (VD) of retinal and choriocapillaris (CC) in various stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR) using spectral domain optical coherence tomography angiography (SD OCTA).

    Authors: Fariba Ghassemi, Kaveh Fadakar, Sahar Berijani, Ameneh Babeli, Alireza Gholizadeh and Siamak Sabour

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:82

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Genetic association of uncoupling proteins (UCPs) variants with the susceptibility of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients has been reported but with controversy. Here we aimed to condu...

    Authors: Xujia Liu, Zehua Jiang, Guihua Zhang, Tsz Kin Ng and Zhenggen Wu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  17. We discuss the safety, since their introduction, of phakic intraocular lenses (pIOLs) to correct refractive errors in healthy eyes. We investigated the reasons for pIOL explantation and the associated perioper...

    Authors: Timur M. Yildirim, Ramin Khoramnia, Hyeck-Soo Son, Christian S. Mayer, Grzegorz Łabuz, Donald J. Munro and Gerd U. Auffarth

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:80

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Globally, at least 1 billion people have a vision impairment that could have been easily prevented or easily treated. Cataract is the leading preventable and most treatable causes of blindness and bilateral lo...

    Authors: Anteneh Fikrie, Yonatan G. Mariam, Elias Amaje and Henok Bekele

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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  19. To investigate the effect of nicergoline on the rate of complete corneal ulcer reepithelialization (CCUR) in diabetic rats with diabetic keratopathy.

    Authors: Amanda Lemos Barros Martins Portela, Rafael Neves Moreno, Maria Helena Madruga Lima Ribeiro, Fernanda Miguel de Andrade, Yale Viana Alves, Mônica Alves and Rodrigo Pessoa Cavalcanti Lira

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:77

    Content type: Research article

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  20. Increased use of the transorbital approach (TOA) warrants greater understanding of the risk of increased intraocular pressure (IOP) and intraorbital pressure (IORP) due to orbital compression. We aimed to inve...

    Authors: Woohyun Kim, Ju Hyung Moon, Eui Hyun Kim, Chang-Ki Hong, Jisang Han and Je Beom Hong

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:76

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Glaucoma drainage implants have been used with increasing frequency for the management of glaucoma. Patients who are candidates for glaucoma drainage devices often have more severe disease and are at risk of v...

    Authors: Monica Kenney Ertel, Nathaniel Ryan Gelinas, Taylor John Slingsby, Leonard Keith Seibold, Malik Yaser Kahook and Jeffrey Raymond SooHoo

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:74

    Content type: Case report

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  22. The purpose of the study is to investigate the changes of macular perfusion by OCT-angiography (OCT-A) after uncomplicated phacoemulsification.

    Authors: Ana Križanović, Mirjana Bjeloš, Mladen Bušić, Biljana Kuzmanović Elabjer, Benedict Rak and Nenad Vukojević

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:71

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Using telemedicine for diabetic retinal screening is becoming popular especially amongst at-risk urban communities with poor access to care. The goal of the diabetic telemedicine project at Temple University H...

    Authors: James E. Benjamin, Justin Sun, Devin Cohen, Joseph Matz, Angela Barbera, Jeffrey Henderer, Lorrie Cheng, Julia Grachevskaya, Rajnikant Shah and Yi Zhang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:70

    Content type: Research article

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  24. Open globe injury (OGI) is one of the most devastating form of ocular trauma. The aim of the study is to identify the epidemiology and predict visual outcomes in traumatic open globe injuries using ocular trau...

    Authors: Saurav M. Shrestha, Casey L. Anthony, Grant A. Justin, Madhu Thapa, Jyoti B. Shrestha, Anadi Khatri, Annette K Hoskin and Rupesh Agrawal

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:69

    Content type: Research article

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  25. To analyze multiple imaging modalities in patients with Bietti crystalline dystrophy (BCD) and to investigate which factors from these modalities are associated with best corrected visual acuity (BCVA).

    Authors: Chu-Yen Huang, Eugene Yu-Chuan Kang, Lung-Kun Yeh, An-Lun Wu, Pei-Kang Liu, I-Wen Huang, Joseph Ryu, Laura Liu, Wei-Chi Wu, Chi-Chun Lai, Kuan-Jen Chen and Nan-Kai Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:68

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Aniso-astigmatism may hinder normal visual development in preschool children. Knowing its prevalence, biometric parameters and risk factors is fundamental to children eye care. The purpose of this study was to...

    Authors: Haohai Tong, Qingfeng Hao, Zijin Wang, Yue Wang, Rui Li, Xiaoyan Zhao, Qigang Sun, Xiaohan Zhang, Xuejuan Chen, Hui Zhu, Dan Huang and Hu Liu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:67

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Solitary extramedullary plasmacytoma (SEP) is a localised proliferation of monoclonal plasma cells involving soft tissue with no or minimal bone marrow involvement and no other systemic evidence of multiple my...

    Authors: Tom Ayton, Svetlana Cherepanoff, David Gottlieb, William A. Sewell, Sandy Smith and Claire Hooper

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:66

    Content type: Case report

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  28. Hemolytic Uremic Syndrome (HUS) is a rare disorder characterized by the triad of microangiopathic hemolytic anemia, thrombocytopenia, and acute renal failure, considered within the group of thrombocytic microa...

    Authors: David Pérez González, Matias Iglicki, Shuli Svetitsky, Yaeli Bar-On, Zohar Habot-Wilner and Dinah Zur

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:65

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  29. Thygeson’s superficial punctate keratitis (TSPK) is reportedly a rare disease with an insidious onset, numerous remissions and exacerbations, and a long duration. The corneal lesions are elevated, whitish–grey...

    Authors: Xiao-Jiao Tang, Qing Liu, Lian-Hong Pi, Xin-Ke Chen and Lin Chen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:64

    Content type: Case report

    Published on:

  30. Acquired color anomalies caused by cerebral trauma are classified as either achromatopsias or dyschromatopsias (Zeki, Brain 113:1721–1777, 1990). The three main brain regions stimulated by color are V1, the li...

    Authors: Yoko Mase, Yoshitsugu Matsui, Eriko Uchiyama, Hisashi Matsubara, Masahiko Sugimoto, Akiko Kubo and Mineo Kondo

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:63

    Content type: Case report

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  31. Precise measurement of ocular biometry is critical for determining intraocular lens power. Newly developed swept-source optical coherence tomography (SS-OCT) - based ocular biometric devices, ANTERION and CASI...

    Authors: Richul Oh, Joo Youn Oh, Hyuk Jin Choi, Mee Kum Kim and Chang Ho Yoon

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:62

    Content type: Research article

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  32. This study analyzed the clinical features, imaging manifestations, histopathology, immunohistochemistry, and surgical approaches of the orbital solitary fibrous tumor (OSFT), as well as the factors for postope...

    Authors: Peng Yang, Hao-Cheng Liu, E Qiu, Wei Wang, Jia-Liang Zhang, Li-Bin Jiang, Hong-Gang Liu and Jun Kang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:61

    Content type: Research article

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  33. To investigate long-term outcomes of prediction error after phacotrabeculectomy and to determine risk factors that may cause unstable prediction error after phacotrabeculectomy in glaucoma patients.

    Authors: Yeon Soo Kang, Mi Sun Sung, Hwan Heo, Yong Sok Ji and Sang Woo Park

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:60

    Content type: Research article

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  34. To evaluate the correlation between visual acuity improvement and vision-related QOL after ranibizumab treatment in Japanese patients with AMD.

    Authors: Yuji Oshima, Yumi Ishibashi, Naoyasu Umeda, Tatsuo Nagata, Shigeo Yoshida, Eiichi Uchio, Hiroyuki Kondo, Koh-hei Sonoda and Tatsuro Ishibashi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:58

    Content type: Research article

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  35. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Heidi Diel, Can Ding, Franz Grehn, Panagiotis Chronopoulos, Oliver Bartsch and Esther M. Hoffmann

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:57

    Content type: Correction

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    The original article was published in BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:28

  36. Sturge-Weber syndrome is a disorder marked by a distinctive facial capillary malformation, neurological abnormalities, and ocular abnormalities such as glaucoma and choroidal hemangioma.

    Authors: Zhengping Hu, Jian Cao, Eun Young Choi and Yun Li

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:56

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  37. Nephrotic syndrome is the most common glomerulopathy among children aged 2–18 years and high dose corticosteroids are the backbone of its management. Potentially blinding ocular complications often result from...

    Authors: Faith Nakubulwa, Rebecca Claire Lusobya, Anthony Batte, Bashir Ssuna, Damalie Nakanjako, Lydia Nakiyingi, Caroline Nalukenge, Francis Onen Sebabi, Ben Mulinde and Juliet Otiti-Sengeri

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:55

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The supply of Cilioretinal artery (CRA) to different layers of the retina influences retinal pathologies such as diabetic retinopathy (DR). Since the supply of CRA is segmental, our aim was to analyze the loca...

    Authors: Rehana Khan, Mahesh Shanmugam, Rajesh Ramanjulu, Jay Chablani, Niharika Singh, Avadhesh Oli and Rajiv Raman

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:51

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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