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  1. Despite the increased emphasis on evidence-based medicine, the current state of evidence behind ophthalmology clinical practice guidelines is unknown. The purpose of this systematic analysis was to understand ...

    Authors: Ailin Song, Jay B. Lusk, Anthony N. Kuo, Kelly W. Muir, Sandra S. Stinnett and Durga S. Borkar
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:132
  2. We aimed to investigate children with an emmetropic non-cycloplegic refraction (NCR) to compare the difference in progression of NC spherical equivalent (SE) over 2 years between the children with emmetropic a...

    Authors: Yoo Jin Kim and Tae Gi Kim
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:131
  3. To compare the effectiveness and safety of phacoemulsification combined with endoscopic cyclophotocoagulation (phaco/ECP), phacoemulsification combined with MicroPulse transscleral cyclophotocoagulation (phaco...

    Authors: Abraham Nirappel, Emma Klug, Cameron Neeson, Mari Chachanidze, Hani El Helwe, Nathan Hall, Ta C. Chang, Lucy Q. Shen and David Solá-Del Valle
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:129
  4. To determine the indications and surgical outcomes of intraocular lens (IOL) exchange in pseudophakic patients at Labbafinejad Tertiary Referral Center between 2014 and 2019.

    Authors: Mohammadreza Jafarinasab, Masomeh Kalantarion, Sadid Hooshmandi, Kiana Hassanpour, Danial Najdi, Bahareh Kheiri and Hamideh Sabbaghi
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:127
  5. To evaluate the impact on surgical efficiency and labor time cost of preloaded intraocular lens (IOL) implantation system compared with manual IOL implantation system in age-related cataract surgery in China.

    Authors: Xudong Song, Jian Zhou, Guangbin Zhang, Songbai Jia, Jun Yuan, Ke Hu, Xinhua Liu, Mingbing Zeng, Zhenyu Wang, Baoying Tan, Xingwei Lu, Ailing Lin, Xiaohan Hu and Jianwei Xuan
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:126
  6. Current intraocular pressure (IOP) measurements based on non-contact tonometry are derived from statistics-driven equations and lack biomechanical significance, which often leads to under-estimation in post-re...

    Authors: Francis Li-Tien Hsu, Po-Jen Shih and I.-Jong Wang
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:124
  7. Corneal epithelium remodeling in response to changes in the anterior corneal surface (keratoconus, corneal refractive surgery) is well-documented in the literature. However, several conditions may induce a dif...

    Authors: Mª Victoria de Rojas Silva, Juan Álvarez de Toledo and Adrián Tobío Ruibal
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:122
  8. Keratoconjunctivitis sicca or dry eye disease (DED) is a multifactorial disorder underpinned by a complex inflammatory cycle. Introduction of topical cyclosporine has been a significant advance in the manageme...

    Authors: A Tarakeswara Rao, Amit Gupta, Tulika Chauhan, Sayan Basu, Nitin Batra, Namrata Sharma, Virender S Sangwan, Vinay Gupta and Shoibal Mukherjee
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:121
  9. Vitiligo is a disorder characterized by loss of epidermal melanocytes, resulting in depigmented macules and patches. While the relationship between ocular pathology and vitiligo has been demonstrated in condit...

    Authors: Tessa LeWitt, Robert Tauscher, Gracious Obiofuma, Jonna Peterson, Ramez Haddadin and Roopal V. Kundu
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:120
  10. Pseudoexfoliation syndrome (PEX) is distinguished by the deposition of fibrillary material within the aqueous humor and, in most cases, causes pseudoexfoliative glaucoma (PEG). The pathophysiologies of PEX and...

    Authors: Birsen Can Demirdöğen and Sinem Demirkaya-Budak
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:117
  11. Retinitis pigmentosa (RP) is one of the most frequent hereditary retinal diseases that often starts with night blindness and eventually leads to legal blindness. Our study aimed to identify the underlying gene...

    Authors: Nobia Aziz, Mukhtar Ullah, Abdur Rashid, Zubair Hussain, Khadim Shah, Azeem Awan, Muhammad Khan, Inam Ullah and Atta Ur Rehman
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:116
  12. Myopic scleral pit (MSP) is a rare physical sign of pathological myopia (PM). The aim of this study was to summarize the clinical characteristics of MSP and analyze its correlation with PM.

    Authors: Wenhua Zhang, Yaping Zhang, Jingxuan Xu, Handong Dan, Xiaoli Li and Zongming Song
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:114
  13. Vogt‒Koyanagi‒Harada (VKH) disease is a multifactorial systemic autoimmune disorder against melanocytes that is characterized by panuveitis. Familial occurrence of VKH disease is rare. Here, we report two case...

    Authors: Hougang Li, Shuo Sun, Yanrui Zhang, Jinfeng Liu, Xuzheng Zhao and Guixia Zhao
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:113
  14. A new generation of enhanced monofocal IOLs has been introduced to slightly increase the depth of focus as compared to standard monofocal IOLs. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of pupil size...

    Authors: Aixa Alarcon, Carmen Canovas, Bram Koopman, Milind V Pande, Douglas D Koch and Patricia Piers
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:112
  15. Anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) therapy is currently the most effective therapy of exudative age-related macular degeneration (AMD). The aim of this study was to assess long-term benefits of int...

    Authors: Regina Lukacs, Miklos Schneider, Zoltan Zsolt Nagy, Gabor Laszlo Sandor, Kinga Kaan, Antonia Asztalos, Lajos Enyedi, Gyorgy Pek, Gyorgy Barcsay, Antal Szabo, Agnes Borbandy, Illes Kovacs, Miklos Denes Resch and Andras Papp
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:110
  16. To compare the long-term safety and efficacy of laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) with Artisan phakic intraocular lens implantation to correct refractive errors after penetrating keratoplasty (PK) for kerat...

    Authors: Sepehr Feizi, Mohammad Ali Javadi, Niloufar Bineshfar and Hamed Esfandiari
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:109
  17. To compare the surgical status in idiopathic epiretinal membrane (IERM) patients with or without disorganization of retinal inner layers (DRIL) and to correlate with optical coherence tomography angiography (O...

    Authors: Huanhuan Li, Conghui Zhang, Hui Li, Shuai Yang, Yao Liu and Fang Wang
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:108
  18. Evaluate the visual outcomes of Ahmed glaucoma valve implantation (AGVI) in patients with neovascular glaucoma (NVG) who underwent diabetic vitrectomy and suggest appropriate AGVI timing.

    Authors: Jong Suk Lee, Young Bok Lee, Tae-Woo Kim and Kyu Hyung Park
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:107
  19. Down syndrome (DS) or Trisomy 21 is the most common chromosomal disease and is characterized by possible heart defects, cognitive impairment and visual disorders.

    Authors: Maria Cristina Artesani, Mariacristina Esposito, Diletta Valentini, Alberto Villani, Alessandro Giovanni Fiocchi and Luca Buzzonetti
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:106
  20. Iris mammillation is a rare disease characterized by the distribution of multiple nodules on the iris surface. The course of uveitic glaucoma with iris mammillation has never been reported.

    Authors: Shinichi Usui, Tomoyuki Okazaki, Takahiro Fujino, Rumi Kawashima, Noriyasu Hashida, Kenji Matsushita, Eiichi Morii and Kohji Nishida
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:103
  21. New intraocular lenses (IOLs) have emerged since the originally coined monofocal and multifocal IOLs. The extended depth of focus (EDoF) and enhanced monofocal IOLs (mono-EDoF) that have appeared in the last d...

    Authors: Joaquín Fernández, Carlos Rocha-de-Lossada, Francisco Zamorano-Martín, Marina Rodríguez-Calvo-de-Mora and Manuel Rodríguez-Vallejo
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:101
  22. The study aims to investigate the relationship between the volume-accumulated reflectivity (termed “integral”) on spectral domain optical coherence tomography (SD-OCT) and cone density on adaptive optics (AO) ...

    Authors: Wenting Li, Wenwen Chen, Xiyue Zhou, Tingting Jiang, Juan Zhang, Min Wang, Jihong Wu, Junxiang Gu and Qing Chang
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:100
  23. Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a retinal vasoproliferative disorder that affects preterm infants. ROP is a cause of preventable blindness in both developed and developing countries. Pediatricians play a m...

    Authors: Khadijah Al Attas, Tala Roblah and Salma AlSwealh
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:99
  24. Two cases of orbitofrontal cholesterol granuloma masquerading as frontal sinus mucoceles were reported to understand image findings, clinical and histopathologic features of orbitofrontal cholesterol granuloma...

    Authors: Ruimiao Li, Mingyu Ren, Wenjing Wang, Ruixin Li, Lili Zhang and Limin Liu
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:98
  25. Comparison of the efficacy of monthly anti-VEGF versus dexamethasone (DEX) implant in patients with diabetic macular edema (DME) whose macular edema persists despite three doses of anti-VEGF therapy.

    Authors: Hakan Koc, Atilla Alpay and Suat Hayri Ugurbas
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:97
  26. The effectiveness of cycloplegia in delaying the progression of myopia and its application in refractive examination in children have been extensively studied, but there are still few studies on the effects of...

    Authors: Yulin Tao, Mohan Li, Jian Tan, Jing Huang, Xiaokang Cheng, Ping Xie, Xiansheng Liu, Qiong Zhou and Jun Ouyang
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:96
  27. Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a leading cause of blindness. Vision threat is particularly severe in patients with retinal neovascularization. However, little is known about the role of long noncoding RNAs (lncR...

    Authors: Lan Zeng, Minwen Zhou, Xiaocong Wang, Xiaofeng Long, Meng Ye, Yuan Yuan and Wei Tan
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:94
  28. The prevalence of diabetes in the state of West Virginia (WV) is amongst the highest in the United States, making diabetic retinopathy (DR) and diabetic macular edema (DME) a major epidemiological concern with...

    Authors: Travis Schofield, Ami Patel, Joel Palko, Ghassan Ghorayeb and L. Carol Laxson
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:93
  29. To report a rare case of IgG4-related ophthalmic disease (IgG4-ROD) manifesting as intraocular masses and scleritis in both eyes in a 61-year-old male and to investigate the changes in multimodal imaging featu...

    Authors: Jiayue Ma, Manyun Xie, Kejun Long, Mi Deng, Liang Zhou and Jing Luo
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:92
  30. Several previous reports suggested that stage 4 idiopathic macular holes (IMHs) may exhibit lower rate of anatomical success and poorer functional results comparing with stage 3 IMHs, while some others showed ...

    Authors: Yanping Yu, Xida Liang, Zengyi Wang, Jing Wang, Biying Qi and Wu Liu
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:91
  31. Vision-related disorders are common in children. Therefore, eye examination and thorough visual assessment by first-contact physicians are crucial in children. This study aimed to evaluate the knowledge of and...

    Authors: Reem M. Hersi, Nada K. Naaman, Amer M. Alghamdi, Wejdan A. Alnahdi, Ziad M. Bukhari and Hashem S. Almarzouki
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:90
  32. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of gonioscopy-assisted transluminal trabeculotomy (GATT) in treating patients with open-angle glaucoma (OAG) who had failed prior incisional glaucoma surgery.

    Authors: Yiwei Wang, Weijia Zhang, Chen Xin, Jinghong Sang, Yang Sun and Huaizhou Wang
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:89
  33. Poly-D, L-lactic acid is (PDLLA) a new cosmetic filler. We reported the first case of PDLLA-related devastating complication of multiple branch retinal artery occlusion (BRAO).

    Authors: I Wang, Hui-Ju Lin, Yi-Yu Tsai, Wen-Lu Chen, Chun-Ju Lin, San-Ni Chen, Ming-Chieh Hsieh, Lei Wan and Peng-Tai Tien
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:86
  34. To investigate the clinical characteristics of retinal honeycomb appearance in a large cohort of patients with X-linked retinoschisis (XLRS) and to determine whether it is associated with complications like re...

    Authors: Jing Ma, Jing-Hua Liu, Song-Feng Li, Yan Ma, Guang-Da Deng, Liang Li, Ming-Zhen Yuan and Hai Lu
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2023 23:85

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