Skip to main content

Table 4 Multivariate logistic regression analysis of factors associated with medication adherence among patients attending the glaucoma clinic, Menelik II Referral Hospital

From: Level of adherence to ocular hypotensive agents and its determinant factors among glaucoma patients in Menelik II Referral Hospital, Ethiopia

Variables Adherence COR (95 % CI) AOR (95 % CI)
Non-adherent, n (%) Adherent, n (%)
Educational level
 Illiterate 67 (61.46) 42 (38.54) 1.01 (0.59, 1.72) 2.07 (0.53, 8.13)
 Elementary School 74 (61.66) 46 (38.34) 1.00 1.00
 High School 38 (52.05) 35 (47.95) 1.48 (0.82, 2.67) 1.87 (0.48, 7.26)
 Diploma & above 26 (46.42) 30 (53.57) 1.86 (0.98, 3.53) 4.60 (1.01, 21.03)*
Occupation
 Retired 66 (57.39) 49 (42.61) 1.00 1.00
 Farmer 17 (73.9) 6 (26.1) 0.48 (0.16, 1.29) 0.07 (0.01, 0.75)*
 House wife 18 (62) 11 (38) 0.82 (0.36, 1.90) 4.40 (0.82, 23.49)
 Employee 42 (53.16) 37 (46.84) 1.19 (0.67; 2.11) 2.40 (0.70, 8.21)
 Self-employed 16 (47) 18 (53) 1.52 (0.70, 3.27) 6.14 (1.37, 27.50)*
 Other(s) 47 (59.5) 32 (40.5) 0.92 (0.51, 1.64) 0.763 (0.15, 3.86)
Monthly family income
 Very low (<445 ETB) 59 (61.45) 37 (38.55) 0.82 (0.49, 1.37) 0.22 (0.06, 0.77)*
 Low (446–1200 ETB) 90 (56.6) 69 (43.4) 1.71 (0.78, 3.75) 0.91 (0.18, 4.57)
 Average (1201–2500 ETB) 31 (62) 19 (38) 0.80 (0.42, 1.53) 0.31 (0.10, 1.96)
 Above average (2501–3500 ETB) 13 (54.16) 11 (45.84) 0.47 (2.61,0.00) 0.62 (0.14, 2.71)
 High (>3501 ETB) 13 (43.33) 17 (56.67) 1.00 1.00
Frequency of eye drop
 2 Times per day 3 (75.0) 1 (25.0) 1.85 (0.88, 3.91) 2.89 (1.25, 6.66)*
 3 Times per day 35 (67.3) 17 (32.7) 1.27 (0.13, 12.8) 1.77 (0.17, 18.26)
 4 Times per day 84 (79.25) 22 (20.75) 1.00 1.00
Getting the medications
 Free of charge 111 (59.7) 75 (40.3) 1.00 1.00
 Self-buy 94 (54.65) 78 (45.35) 1.23 (0.81, 1.87) 0.30 (0.10, 0.93)*
  1. AOR adjusted odds ratio, COR crude odds ratio, ETB Ethiopian Birr (one U.S. dollar ≈ 21.05 ETB during the period of data collection)
  2. *Statistically Significant at p < 0.05