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Table 4 Comparison of visual and systemic parameters between the future fear of falling + group and the future fear of falling - group

From: Factors associated with developing a fear of falling in subjects with primary open-angle glaucoma

Parameters at baseline Future Fear of falling (−) Future Fear of falling (+) p value
Number 248 94  
Age (years) 63.2 ± 10.4 70.1 ± 9.8 < 0.0001
Gender (male/female) 155/93 42/52 0.026
B.M.I 22.5 ± 3.0 22.3 ± 3.2 0.56
Prevalence of diabetes mellitus (%) 35/213 = 14.1% 14/80 = 14.9% 0.63
Prevalence of hypertension (%) 76/172 = 30.6% 27/67 = 28.7% 0.76
Usage of sedative/sleeping aid 15/233 = 6.0% 6/88 = 6.4% 0.36
BCVA in the better eye (LogMar) 0.0021 ± 0.013 0.0093 ± 0.029 0.0021
BCVA in the worse eye (LogMar) 0.015 ± 0.038 0.028 ± 0.051 0.023
mTD (dB) −2.0 ± 4.0 −2.9 ± 4.3 0.036
mTDSP (dB) −3.8 ± 6.3 − 2.7 ± 5.4 0.12
mTDSC (dB) − 2.6 ± 5.7 − 3.4 ± 6.7 0.17
mTDIC (dB) −1.3 ± 3.3 −0.86 ± 3.5 0.023
mTDip (dB) −1.4 ± 3.5 − 2.3 ± 3.7 0.012
Past history of falls (%) 27/248 = 10.9% 28/94 = 29.8% 0.12
Number of previous fall 0.14 ± 0.46 0.60 ± 1.1 < 0.0001
  1. The Chi square test was used to compare categorical data between two groups, whereas the Wilcoxon test was used to compare numerical data between the two groups
  2. Abbreviations: B.M.I, body mass index, BCVA, best corrected visual acuity, LogMar, logarithm of the Minimum Angle of Resolution, mTD, mean total deviation, SP, superior peripheral, SC, superior central, IC, inferior central, IP, inferior peripheral