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Table 2 Reported cases of infectious scleritis after posterior subtenon triamcinolone acetonide injection

From: Scedosporium apiospermum infectious scleritis following posterior subtenon triamcinolone acetonide injection: a case report and literature review

Patient Reported year Age and gender Comorbidities (focal and systemic) Durations from STTA Symptoms at onset Clinical ocular findings at onset Causative pathogen Pharmacotherapy (topical) Pharmacotherapy (systemic) Surgical therapy (except incision of abscess) Recurrence Outcome/final VA (decimal) Reference
1 2004 90, female BRVO 3 weeks Orbital mass Orbital mass, blepharoptosis Staphylococcus aureus None Clindamycin None   Recovery/NA Engelman et al. [14]
2 2007 63, male Graves’ ophthalmopathy 3 months None Subconjunctival abscess, anterior chamber cell, retinal white lesion and RD Alternaria spp. Fluconazole, miconazole, micafungin Fluconazole, miconazole Cataract extraction, PPV, scleral buckling + Recovery/0.7 Isshiki et al. [12]
3 2007 50, male Uveoretinitis, Bechet’s disease, diabetes 2 weeks Discharge Subconjunctival whitish mass Nocardia spp. levofloxacin, cefmenoxime Minocycline None + Recovery/NA Kusaka et al. [11]
4 2007 62, female Diabetic retinopathy 2 month Ocular pain Periocular mass, conjunctival injection, anterior chamber cell Pseudallescheria boydii Amphotericin B, itraconazole Amphotericin B, itraconazole Debridement of subtenon abscess   Phthisis bulbi/NA Oh et al. [10]
5 2007 33, female Intermediate uveitis 2 weeks Pain, redness and yellow discharge Subconjunctival infiltrate Streptococcus pneumoniae ciprofloxacin ciprofloxacin None + Recovery/1.2 Azarbod et al. [13]
6 2008 80, female CME after cataract surgery, POAG A few weeks Pain, red eye Scleral necrosis, scleral thinning, nonrhegmatogenous RD Nocardia asteroids Amikacin, ceftazidime, trimethoprim sulfate, polymyxin B Minocycline Bovine endocardium patch graft   Recovery/CF Seth et al. [9]
7 2009 58, male Diabetic retinopathy 3 months Diplopia, deep ocular pain Ptosis, restricted eye movement, epibulbar abscess Scedosporium apiospermum Gatifloxacin, natamycin Levofloxacin, itraconazole, voriconazole PPV, cataract extraction   Recovery/0.5 Ikewaki et al. [8]
8 2011 20, male Corneal graft rejection 2 days Ocular pain, ocular discharge Corneal edema, anterior chamber reaction, mucoid discharge, localized conjunctival necrosis Staphylococcus epidermidis Amikacin, vancomycin Ciprofloxacin None   Recovery/NA Gharaee et al. [7]
9 2017 75, male BRVO, hypertension, colon cancer and metastatic hepatic tumor 2 months Ocular pain, hyperemia Subtenon abscess, lid swelling, anterior chamber cells Scedosporium apiospermum sensu stricto Voriconazole, levofloxacin, natamycin Voriconazole Debridement of infected sclera + Recovery/0.2 This study
  1. STTA subtenon triamcinolone acetonide, VA visual acuity, BRVO branch retinal vein occlusion, NA not applicable, RD retinal detachment, PPV pars plana vitrectomy, CME cystoid macular edema, POAG primary open angle glaucoma, CF counting fingers