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Fig. 1 | BMC Ophthalmology

Fig. 1

From: Carotid-cavernous fistula(CCF) presenting as paroxysmal painful ophthalmoplegia

Fig. 1

Blood pressure level and attacks during the first 10 days: a. periorbital pain for hours; b. periorbital pain accompanied by lachrymation and blurred vision; c. two attacks: 1) ptosis, mydriasis, diplopia, and slightly restricted supraduction, infraduction, and adduction for 10 min, 2) total oculomotor nerve paresis without pain for hours; d. ptosis and restricted adduction with a normal pupil for hours; e. periorbital pain and blurred vision for hours

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