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Table 4 Factors associated with ocular disorders among small scale welders

From: Prevalence, pattern and factors associated with ocular disorders in small-scale welders in Katwe, Kampala

Variable No disorder n (%) Ocular disorder n (%) OR (95% CI) p-value
Sex
 Male 133(43) 177(57) 1  
 Female 5(15) 29(85) 4.36(1.64–11.55) 0.003*
Age
 13–25 46(64) 26(36) 1  
 26–35 53(49) 55(51) 1.84(0.99–3.38) 0.051
 36–45 27(32) 57(68) 3.74(1.92–7.26) < 0.001*
  ≥ 45 12(15) 68(85) 10.03(4.59–21.86) < 0.001*
Education level
 none/primary 58(36) 105(64) 1  
 secondary/tertiary 80(44) 101(56) 0.70(0.45–1.08) 0.104
Type of welding
 Gas flame 7(41) 10(59) 1  
 Electric Arc 131(40) 196(60) 1.05(0.39–2.82) 0.927
Use of protective eye wear
 Yes 122(40) 184(60) 1.10(0.55–2.17) 0.791
 No 16(42) 22(58) 1  
Duration of welding(years)
  ≤ 5 60(47) 69(53) 1  
 6–10 38(42) 53(58) 1.21(0.71–2.08) 0.485
  > 10 39(32) 84(68) 1.87(1.12–3.13) 0.131
History of ocular trauma
 Yes 93(41) 135(59) 0.92(0.58–1.45) 0.721
 No 45(39) 71(61) 1  
Type of protective eye wear
 sun glasses 128(40) 189(60) 0.33(0.07–1.54) 0.158
 Others 2(18) 9(82) 1  
History of Foreign body removal
 Yes 67(36) 119(64) 1.45(0.94–2.24) 0.093
 No 71(45) 87(55) 1  
  1. *statistically significant at 5% confidence level