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Table 3 Socio-demographic characteristics of the pre-school children in rural Wadla district, northern Ethiopia, 2017

From: Prevalence and associations of active trachoma among rural preschool children in Wadla district, northern Ethiopia

Variables Frequency (n = 596) Percent
Sex of children
 Male 301 50.5
 Female 295 49.5
Age of children in months (kebele registration book)
 12–24 208 34.9
 25–36 102 17.10
 37–48 129 21.6
 49–59 157 26.3
Current breast-feeding status of children
 Yes 239 40.1
 No 357 59.9
Face washing frequency of children (self-report)
 2 or more times per a day 108 18.1
 Once daily 79 13.3
 2 to 6 times per week 149 25
 Once weekly 167 28
 Stays unwashed for longer than a week. 93 15.6
Habit of child bathing for at least one times per a week (self-report)
 Yes 445 74.7
 No 151 25.3
Use of soap for face washing(self-report)
 Yes 264 44.3
 No 332 55.7
Use of soap for hand washing(self-report)
 Yes 254 42.6
 No 342 57.4
Face of children on observation (observation)
 Clean face 280 47
 Ocular discharge 89 14.9
 Nasal discharge 75 12.6
 Flies on the face of child   10.6
 Ocular and nasal discharge 34 5.7
 Ocular and nasal discharge and flies on the face 55 9.2
Presence of another eye problem(self-report)
 Yes 146 24.5
 No 450 75.5
Type of eye problem (n = 146)
 Discharge 96 65.6
 Itching 8 5.3
 Excessive tear 25 17.1
 Redness of eye 18 12.2
Took drug during mass drug administration in the last year(self-report)
 Yes 515 86.4
 No 81 13.6
  1. Of the 596 screened children for signs of trachoma, 56.2% of female children had trachoma. One hundred and thirty children had active trachoma, giving a prevalence of 22% [95%CI, 18–25%)]. One hundred and six children had TF, 13 had TI, and 11 had both TF and TI. There were no signs of TS, TT or CO. Two hundred and eighty (47%) children had clean face, 89 (15%) had ocular discharge, 75 (13%) had nasal discharge, 34 (6%) had both ocular and nasal discharge and 55 (9%) children had nasal discharge, ocular discharge, and fly on their face.