Retinitis pigmentosa (RP), a neurodegenerative disease, is occasionally accompanied by choroidal neovascularization (CNV) and cystoid macular oedema. It is presently treated with repeated intravitreal injections of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) agents. However, there are concerns regarding long-term inhibition of VEGF by the use of these agents, especially in cases involving neurodegenerative diseases, since VEGFs have a neuroprotective effect. Currently, there are no reports on the long-term safety of anti-VEGF therapy in patients with RP.
In this report, we describe the case of a 56-year-old female patient with CNV associated with RP who was treated with anti-VEGF therapy for 8 years. She had autosomal dominant RP with a heterozygous PRPH2 mutation (c.410G > A) and complained of metamorphopsia in her left eye. Examinations revealed CNV with serous retinal detachment. She was treated with as-needed injections for 2 years; however, she experienced a recurrence. Therefore, we switched to a bimonthly regimen that was continued for 6 years. In total, the patient received 34 injections of various types of anti-VEGFs over 8 years. No recurrences were noted during that time, and we have not detected any negative effects concerning the progression of visual field loss in comparison with the fellow eye.
No negative effects related to the progression of visual field loss were observed during continuous treatment with anti-VEGF agents for 8 years in our patient.