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  1. Content type: Case report

    Macular hole (MH) may become refractory if the hole does not close after multiple surgeries. We provide a modified surgical technique for refractory MH repair with neurosensory retinal free flap transplantation.

    Authors: Pei-Kang Liu, Yo-Chen Chang and Wen-Chuan Wu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:230

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  2. Content type: Research article

    Recent studies using optical coherence tomography (OCT) have indicated that choroidal thickness (CT) in the anisometropic amblyopic eye is thicker than that of the fellow and normal control eyes. However, it h...

    Authors: Syunsuke Araki, Atsushi Miki, Katsutoshi Goto, Tsutomu Yamashita, Go Takizawa, Kazuko Haruishi, Tsuyoshi Yoneda, Yoshiaki Ieki, Junichi Kiryu, Goro Maehara and Kiyoshi Yaoeda

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:227

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  3. Content type: Technical advance

    To describe a new technique and present its long-term outcome for prevention of Ahmed glaucoma valve (AGV) tube exposure in patients with refractory glaucoma.

    Authors: O. M. Gedar Totuk, K. Kabadayi, A. Colakoglu, N. Ekizoglu and U. Aykan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:226

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  4. Content type: Research article

    The Fred Hollows Foundation (FHF) Cambodia recently partnered with the Ministry of Women’s Affairs (MoWA) and National Program for Eye Health (NPEH, part of the Ministry of Health) to establish the Gender Equalit...

    Authors: Camille Neyhouser, Ingrid Quinn, Tessa Hillgrove, Renee Chan, Chhorvann Chhea, Seang Peou and Pol Sambath

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:217

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  5. Content type: Case report

    Cataract surgery in patients with keratoconus with or without previous penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) can be demanding due to difficulties in selecting the intraocular lens (IOL) and predicting the refractive ...

    Authors: Karin Allard and Madeleine Zetterberg

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:215

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  6. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the surgical technique using autologous retinal graft (ARG) and autologous blood clot (ABC) for the management of refractory macular holes (MHs).

    Authors: An-Lun Wu, Lan-Hsin Chuang, Nan-Kai Wang, Kuan-Jen Chen, Laura Liu, Ling Yeung, Tun-Lu Chen, Yih-Shiou Hwang, Wei-Chi Wu and Chi-Chun Lai

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:213

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  7. Content type: Case report

    Rejuvenation of aging eyelids is one of cosmetic changes to the individual to create the appearance of youth. Tightening treatment of eyelid by ultrasonic heat could possibly develop acute eye injury, includin...

    Authors: Yuanyuan Chen, Zhongyu Shi and Yin Shen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:214

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  8. Content type: Case report

    Falciform retinal detachment (FRD) usually causes pronounced retinal wrinkles, and the prognosis of visual function is poor. In this present study, we report a rare case of FRD in which optical coherence tomog...

    Authors: Daisaku Kimura, Masanori Fukumoto, Takaki Sato, Ryohsuke Kohmoto, Takatoshi Kobayashi, Teruyo Kida and Tsunehiko Ikeda

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:216

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  9. Content type: Research article

    To compare clinical characteristics and antibiotic susceptibilities in patients with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PA) and P. putida (PP) keratitis at a tertiary referral center in South Korea.

    Authors: Chan Ho Cho and Sang-Bumm Lee

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:204

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Meibomian Gland Dysfunction (MGD) is a leading cause of evaporative Dry Eye Disease (DED). This makes non-invasive meibography an important procedure in the clinical evaluation of DED patients. Our purpose was...

    Authors: Eugene Appenteng Osae, Reynolds Kwame Ablorddepey, Jens Horstmann, David Ben Kumah and Philipp Steven

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:201

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  11. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate safety and efficacy of transpupillary silicone oil removal combined with micro-incision phacoemulsification cataract surgery, and to compare results of transpupillary with 23-gauge three-port vitre...

    Authors: Wei Xu, Weijing Cheng, Hua Zhuang, Jian Guo and Guoxing Xu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:200

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  12. Content type: Research article

    Despite the increasing emphasis on the role of glaucoma-specific patient-reported outcome measures (PROMs) as relevant outcome measures for the impact of glaucoma and its intervention on patients' daily lives,...

    Authors: Owen Kim Hee, Zheng-Xian Thng, Hong-Yuan Zhu and Ecosse Luc Lamoureux

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:197

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  13. Content type: Research article

    Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is a disorder of the developing retina of preterm infants due to defective vasculogenesis. The aim of the study was to analyze the level of awareness, knowledge, attitude and p...

    Authors: Mohammad T. Akkawi, Jamal A. S. Qaddumi, Hala R. M. Issa and Liana J. K. Yaseen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:195

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  14. Content type: Research article

    The prognostic value of the ocular trauma score (OTS) in patients who underwent 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (23-G PPV) for surgical removal of posterior segment metallic intaocular foreign bodies (IOFB) was...

    Authors: Dilek Yaşa, Zeynep Gizem Erdem, Ali Demircan, Gökhan Demir and Zeynep Alkın

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:194

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Mass drug administration with antibiotics predominantly with azithromycin is one of the four arms of the SAFE strategy. The elimination of ocular chlamydial infection is only achieved as long as the azithromyc...

    Authors: Zelalem Tilahun and Teferi Gedif Fenta

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:193

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In this study, we evaluated the effects of intermittent high glucose on oxidative stress production in retinal pigmented epithelial (RPE) cells and explored whether the mechanisms of autophagy and apoptosis in...

    Authors: Wei Zhang, Jian Song, Yue Zhang, Yingxue Ma, Jing Yang, Guanghui He and Song Chen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:192

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Fixation changes in glaucoma are generally overlooked, as they are not strikingly evident as in macular diseases. Fundus perimetry might give additional insights into this aspect, along with traditional perime...

    Authors: Giovanni Montesano, David P. Crabb, Pete R. Jones, Paolo Fogagnolo, Maurizio Digiuni and Luca M. Rossetti

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:191

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  18. Content type: Research article

    The distribution of uveitis varies with genetic, ethnic, geographic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. Epidemiological information about the patterns of uveitis is useful when an ophthalmologist considers ...

    Authors: Shintaro Shirahama, Toshikatsu Kaburaki, Hisae Nakahara, Rie Tanaka, Mitsuko Takamoto, Yujiro Fujino, Hidetoshi Kawashima and Makoto Aihara

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:189

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  19. Content type: Research article

    Numerous studies have suggested that the integrity of the cone interdigitation zone (IZ) could be considered to be a marker of photoreceptor damage and its recovery. However, little is known about the IZ in he...

    Authors: Ruiping Gu, Guohua Deng, Yi Jiang, Chunhui Jiang and Gezhi Xu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:188

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Direct damage to the superior rectus (SR) muscle insertion following upper lid blepharoplasty has not been reported. We document a rare case of vertical diplopia due to direct damage to the SR muscle insertion...

    Authors: Ju-Yeun Lee, Kyuyeon Cho, Daye Diana Choi, Kyung-Ah Park, Kyung In Woo, Yoon-Duck Kim and Sei Yeul Oh

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:187

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  21. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the characteristics of retinal vessels and retinal thickness in eyes with early age-related macular degeneration (AMD) with or without reticular pseudodrusen.

    Authors: So Min Ahn, Suk Yeon Lee, Soon-Young Hwang, Seong-Woo Kim, Jaeryung Oh and Cheolmin Yun

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:184

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Orbital exenteration is a disfiguring procedure that aims to achieve local control. It is commonly a part of the management of malignant orbital tumor which is a life-threatening condition. It is necessary to ...

    Authors: Orapan Aryasit, Passorn Preechawai, Chakree Hirunpat, Orasa Horatanaruang and Penny Singha

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:186

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  23. Content type: Research article

    To investigate corneal densitometry values obtained using Scheimpflug tomography in normal and highly myopic (HM) eyes and to assess the differences in densitometry values between them.

    Authors: Jing Dong, Yaqin Zhang, Haining Zhang, Zhijie Jia, Suhua Zhang, Bin Sun, Yongqing Han and Xiaogang Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:182

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  24. Content type: Study protocol

    Macular neovascular diseases can cause severe vision loss. A newly approved anti—VEGF drug Conbercept has shown good efficacy and safety in rigorous random controlled trials (RCT), however, it cannot fully ref...

    Authors: Jin Jing, Shen Yinchen, Chen Xia, Wang Jing, Chen Chong, Xu Xun, Huang Hengye and Liu Kun

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:181

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  25. Content type: Research article

    Hyperreflective foci have been described in OCT imaging of patients with retinal vascular diseases. It has been suggested that they may play a role as a prognostic factor of visual outcomes in these diseases. ...

    Authors: Barbara Berasategui, Alex Fonollosa, Joseba Artaraz, Ioana Ruiz-Arruza, Jose Ríos, Jessica Matas, Victor Llorenç, David Diaz-Valle, Marina Sastre-Ibañez, Pedro Arriola-Villalobos and Alfredo Adan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:179

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  26. Content type: Research article

    The anatomical success rate of macular hole surgery ranges around 93–98%. However, the prognosis of large macular holes is generally poor. The study was conducted to compare the anatomical and visual outcomes ...

    Authors: Naresh Babu Kannan, Piyush Kohli, Haemoglobin Parida, O. O. Adenuga and Kim Ramasamy

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:177

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  27. Content type: Research article

    Intraocular lenses (IOLs) with different diopter (D) intervals may have different tolerance, and may provide different accuracy of refractive outcome after cataract surgery. The aim of the study is to compare ...

    Authors: Minjung Kim, Youngsub Eom, Jong Suk Song and Hyo Myung Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:176

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  28. Content type: Case report

    Corneal ectasia after small-incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) is uncommon. To our knowledge, this is the first report of 3-year results of combined phototherapeutic keratectomy (PTK) and corneal collagen c...

    Authors: Qingman Ge, Chuanbo Cui, Jing Wang and Guoying Mu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:175

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  29. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate visual acuity, corneal astigmatism and corneal higher-order aberrations (HOAs) after implantation of trifocal diffractive IOLs operated with either a corneal steep-axis incision or 135° incision.

    Authors: Shasha Xue, Guiqiu Zhao, Xiaoni Yin, Jing Lin, Cui Li, Liting Hu, Lin Leng and Xuejiao Yang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:171

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