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  1. Content type: Research article

    Fungal keratitis (FK) is a sight-threatening disease, accounting for a significant portion with its complex presentation, suboptimal efficacy of the existing therapies and uncontrollable excessive innate infla...

    Authors: Xudong Peng, Guiqiu Zhao, Jing Lin, Jianqiu Qu, Yingxue Zhang and Cui Li

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:170

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  2. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate visual acuity, corneal astigmatism and corneal higher-order aberrations (HOAs) after implantation of trifocal diffractive IOLs operated with either a corneal steep-axis incision or 135° incision.

    Authors: Shasha Xue, Guiqiu Zhao, Xiaoni Yin, Jing Lin, Cui Li, Liting Hu, Lin Leng and Xuejiao Yang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:171

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  3. Content type: Research article

    To assess the safety and efficacy of two subthreshold parameters (5 and 15% duty cycle (DC)) compared to standard ETDRS (early treatment of diabetic retinopathy study) continuous wave (CW) laser.

    Authors: Jay Chhablani, Rayan Alshareef, David Ta Kim, Raja Narayanan, Abhilash Goud and Annie Mathai

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:168

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  4. Content type: Research article

    Bacteria in the conjunctiva present a potential risk of vitreous cavity infection during 23-gauge pars plana vitrectomy (PPV). Current preoperative procedures used in Sweden include irrigation with chlorhexidi...

    Authors: Nasser J. Gili, Torbjörn Noren, Eva Törnquist, Sven Crafoord and Anders Bäckman

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:167

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  5. Content type: Research article

    To determine the effect of age on the thickness of individual retinal and choroidal vascular layers in the macula in an ophthalmologically healthy Chinese cohort by using spectral-domain optical coherence tomo...

    Authors: Qian Xu, Ying Li, Ying Cheng and Yi Qu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:169

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The prospective observation study aimed to evaluate changes in corneal higher-order aberrations induced by advancement of pterygium using an anterior-segment optical coherence tomography (AS-OCT) and Zernike a...

    Authors: Keiichiro Minami, Tadatoshi Tokunaga, Keiichiro Okamoto, Kazunori Miyata and Tetsuro Oshika

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:166

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  7. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate clinical factors affecting postoperative vaulting in eyes that had achieved optimal vaulting within the range of 250–750 μm following implantation of 12.6-mm V4c implantable collamer lenses (ICL).

    Authors: Hun Lee, David Sung Yong Kang, Jin Young Choi, Byoung Jin Ha, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo and Tae-im Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:163

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Myopia is the leading cause of preventable blindness in children and young adults. Multiple epidemiological studies have confirmed a high prevalence of myopia in Asian countries. However, fewer longitudinal studi...

    Authors: Min Chen, Aimin Wu, Lina Zhang, Wei Wang, Xinyi Chen, Xiaoning Yu and Kaijun Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:159

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  9. Content type: Research article

    To determine postoperative refractive and visual outcomes and astigmatic changes after femtosecond laser astigmatic keratotomy in femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS).

    Authors: Jing Wang, Jiangyue Zhao, Jun Xu and Jinsong Zhang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:161

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  10. Content type: Case report

    We report for the first time, a case of femtosecond laser-assisted cataract surgery (FLACS) with implantation of a diffractive trifocal intraocular lens (IOL) after laser in situ keratomileusis (LASIK).

    Authors: Wei Wang, Shuang Ni, Xi Li, Xiang Chen, Yanan Zhu and Wen Xu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:160

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  11. Content type: Research article

    To investigate the prevalence of depression and anxiety among subjects with self-reported glaucoma and the association between self-reported glaucoma and depression respectively anxiety in a European cohort.

    Authors: J. Rezapour, S. Nickels, A. K. Schuster, M. Michal, T. Münzel, P. S. Wild, I. Schmidtmann, K. Lackner, A. Schulz, N. Pfeiffer and M. E. Beutel

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:157

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  12. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate inner retinal dimples after peeling of the inner limiting membrane (ILM) for macular holes (lamellar macular hole [LMH] and full-thickness macular hole [FTMH]) via multiple imaging modes of spectra...

    Authors: Jingjing Liu, Yiye Chen, Shiyuan Wang, Xiang Zhang and Peiquan Zhao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:155

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  13. Content type: Research article

    To compare the clinical outcomes of wavefront-optimized (WFO) transepithelial photorefractive keratectomy (trans-PRK) and corneal wavefront-guided (CWFG) trans-PRK for myopic eyes with moderate to high astigma...

    Authors: Ikhyun Jun, David Sung Yong Kang, Samuel Arba-Mosquera, Jin Young Choi, Hyung Keun Lee, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo and Tae-im Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:154

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  14. Content type: Research article

    This study sought to identify factors associated with retinal detachment and retreatment of aggressive posterior retinopathy of prematurity (APROP) initially treated with intravitreal ranibizumab (IVR) injecti...

    Authors: Qizhe Tong, Hong Yin, Mingwei Zhao, Xiaoxin Li and Wenzhen Yu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:150

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  15. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study is to analyze and compare the progression of photoreceptor atrophy among siblings affected by retinitis pigmentosa by means of spectral SD-OCT.

    Authors: Leonardo Colombo, Giovanni Montesano, Barbara Sala, Fabio Patelli, Paolo Maltese, Andi Abeshi, Matteo Bertelli and Luca Rossetti

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:153

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  16. Content type: Research article

    In 2013 five polar explorers attempted to complete the first Trans-Antarctic Winter Traverse (TAWT). This study presents the ophthalmological findings for this group, who overwintered in Antarctica as part of ...

    Authors: Matthew H. Stahl, Alexander Kumar, Robert Lambert, Michael Stroud, David Macleod, Andrew Bastawrous, Tunde Peto and Matthew J. Burton

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:149

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  17. Content type: Research article

    Previous cross-sectional studies revealed a higher prevalence of depression among glaucoma patients. However, cohort studies were in lack to build the risk of incident depression after the diagnosis of glaucom...

    Authors: Yu-Yen Chen, Yun-Ju Lai, Jen-Pang Wang, Ying-Cheng Shen, Chun-Yuan Wang, Hsin-Hua Chen, Hsiao-Yun Hu and Pesus Chou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:146

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  18. Content type: Case report

    Galloway-Mowat syndrome (GMS) is a rare autosomal recessive condition first described in 1968 and characterized by microcephaly and infantile onset of central nervous system (CNS) abnormalities resulting in se...

    Authors: Maha A. Al-Rakan, Manal D. Abothnain, Muhammad T. Alrifai and Majid Alfadhel

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:147

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  19. Content type: Research article

    To study the clinical outcomes of pigment epithelial detachment (PED) associated with neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD) in patients switched from Ranibizumab to Aflibercept.

    Authors: Pallavi Tyagi, Zain Juma, Yong Keen Hor, Neil W. Scott, Andreea Ionean and Cynthia Santiago

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:148

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  20. Content type: Research article

    The optimal treatment for polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) is still under debate. Little knowledge is known about the treatment effect of “1+pro re nata(PRN)” treatment regimen for PCV. The aim of this ...

    Authors: Kunbei Lai, Ying Li, Lijun Zhou, Xiaojin Zhong, Chuangxin Huang, Fabao Xu, Lin Lu, Jian Ge and Chenjin Jin

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:144

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  21. Content type: Research article

    Many studies have shown that patients with intermittent exotropia have different degrees of damage to their stereopsis function. The purpose of this study is to explore the effect of different refractive statu...

    Authors: Dong Han, Danni Jiang, Jiahuan Zhang, Tianxu Pei and Qi Zhao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:143

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Conbercept is a novel vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) inhibitor for the treatment of wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This systematic review aims to assess the efficacy and safety of conbe...

    Authors: Jiaxing Zhang, Yi Liang, Juan Xie, Dong Li, Qian Hu, Xiaosi Li, Wenyi Zheng and Rui He

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:142

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  23. Content type: Research article

    To investigate refractive outcomes and optical quality after implantation of posterior chamber phakic implantable collamer lens with a central hole (ICL V4c) to correct high myopia.

    Authors: Huamao Miao, Xun Chen, Mi Tian, Yingjun Chen, Xiaoying Wang and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:141

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  24. Content type: Research article

    Ocular trauma is an important cause of visual loss worldwide. Improvements in our knowledge of the pathophysiology and management of ocular trauma during the past 30 years, in conjunction with advances in the ...

    Authors: Azusa Fujikawa, Yasser Helmy Mohamed, Hirofumi Kinoshita, Makiko Matsumoto, Masafumi Uematsu, Eiko Tsuiki, Kiyoshi Suzuma and Takashi Kitaoka

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:138

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  25. Content type: Case report

    Pigmented paravenous retinochoroidal atrophy (PPRCA) is an unusual retinal degeneration, and its performance on optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) is unclear. We report a Chinese female case of PP...

    Authors: Yinchen Shen, Xun Xu and Hui Cao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:136

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  26. Content type: Research article

    This paper seeks to evaluate the depth and outcomes of MyoRing implantation using two mechanical dissection procedures including: PocketMaker microkeratome in opposition to the Melles hook method.

    Authors: Shiva Pirhadi, Neda Mohammadi, Seyed Aliasghar Mosavi, Hashem Daryabari, Hossein Aghamollaei and Khosrow Jadidi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:137

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  27. Content type: Research article

    In our study we describe a method that optimizes size of excision and autografting for primary pterygia along with the use of intraoperative MMC and fibrin glue. Our objective is to propose a simple, optimized...

    Authors: Ho Sik Hwang, Kyong Jin Cho, Gabriel Rand, Roy S. Chuck and Ji Won Kwon

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:135

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  28. Content type: Research article

    High cataract incidence and low cataract surgical rate are serious public health problems in China, despite the fact that efficient day care cataract surgery has been implemented in some public Tertiary A hosp...

    Authors: Min Zhuang, Juan Cao, Minglan Cui, Songtao Yuan, Qinghuai Liu and Wen Fan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:134

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  29. Content type: Research article

    To establish the independent association between blood pressure (BP) and retinal vascular caliber, especially the retinal venular caliber, in a population of 12-year-old Chinese children.

    Authors: Yuan He, Shi-Ming Li, Meng-Tian Kang, Luo-Ru Liu, He Li, Shi-Fei Wei, An-Ran Ran and Ningli Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:133

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  30. Content type: Case report

    To report a case series in which a modified technique was used to remove retained submacular perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) secondary to vitreoretinal surgery for rhegmatogenous retinal detachment.

    Authors: Zhongjing Lin, Yanwei Chen, Sha Gao, Yisheng Zhong and Xi Shen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:132

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  31. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the relative efficacy and safety of anti-vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents for the treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration (AMD).

    Authors: Chu Luan Nguyen, Lawrence J. Oh, Eugene Wong, Joe Wei and Michael Chilov

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:130

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  32. Content type: Research article

    To identify and compare specific protein levels between overacting inferior oblique (IO) muscles in superior oblique (SO) palsy patients and normal IO muscles.

    Authors: Yeon Woong Chung, Jun Sub Choi and Sun Young Shin

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:128

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  33. Content type: Case report

    Scleritis and/or uveitis sometimes accompanies patients who suffer from rheumatoid arthritis. However, few studies have reported scleritis and/or uveitis accompanying a fundus elevated lesion, such as an intra...

    Authors: Takatoshi Kobayashi, Nanae Takai, Rei Tada, Hiromi Shoda, Teruyo Kida, Tsunehiko Ikeda, Takurou Ozaki and Shigeki Makino

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:129

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  34. Content type: Research article

    Subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT) in highly myopic eyes was found to be correlated with increasing age, refractive error (spherical equivalent), and axial length. Which factor is the most significant predic...

    Authors: Bingqian Liu, Yan Wang, Tao Li, Ying Lin, Wei Ma, Xiaohong Chen, Cancan Lyu, Yonghao Li and Lin Lu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:127

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  35. Content type: Research article

    Vitiligo is a disease characterized by depigmented macules and patches that occur as a result of the loss of functional melanocytes from the affected skin through a mechanism which has not been elucidated yet....

    Authors: Serkan Demirkan, Zafer Onaran, Güzin Samav, Fatma Özkal, Erhan Yumuşak, Özgür Gündüz and Ayşe Karabulut

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:126

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  36. Content type: Case report

    A case of iris metastasis preceding the diagnosis of gastric signet ring cell adenocarcinoma is very rare. To report the findings in a patient who presented with an iris tumor that was later identified to have...

    Authors: Tadanobu Yoshikawa, Kimie Miyata, Tokiko Nakai, Chiho Ohbayashi, Miki Kaneko and Nahoko Ogata

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:125

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  37. Content type: Research article

    This study aimed to assess heritability of myopia in Lithuania and evaluate both genes GJD2 (Gap Junction Protein, Delta 2) and RASGRF1 (RAS protein-specific guanine nucleotide-releasing factor 1) relation with m...

    Authors: Edita Kunceviciene, Margarita Sriubiene, Rasa Liutkeviciene, Ilona T. Miceikiene and Alina Smalinskiene

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:124

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  38. Content type: Research article

    The aim of the study was to evaluate the impact of integration of the eye-tracking system (ET) on the repeatability of flow density measurements using optical coherence tomography (OCT) angiography.

    Authors: Maged Alnawaiseh, Cristin Brand, Eike Bormann, Cristina Sauerland and Nicole Eter

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:123

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