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  1. Content type: Research article

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the safety and effectiveness of the hyperdry amniotic membrane transplantation compared with conjunctival autografting for the treatment of primary pterygium.

    Authors: Xin Pan, Daguang Zhang, Zhifang Jia, Zhehui Chen and Yuetian Su

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:119

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  2. Content type: Research article

    The prevalence of adolescent eye disease in remote areas of the Qinghai-Tibet Plateau has rarely been reported. To understand the prevalence of common eye diseases in Tibet, we performed ocular-disease screeni...

    Authors: Xuehan Qian, Beihong Liu, Jing Wang, Nan Wei, Xiaoli Qi, Xue Li, Jing Li, Ying Zhang, Ning Hua, Yuxian Ning, Gang Ding, Xu Ma and Binbin Wang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:118

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  3. Content type: Research article

    This study was performed to evaluate the prevalence and clinical characteristics of dry eye disease (DED) in community-based type 2 diabetic patients and to identify the associated factors related with DED.

    Authors: Xinrong Zou, Lina Lu, Yi Xu, Jianfeng Zhu, Jiangnan He, Bo Zhang and Haidong Zou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:117

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  4. Content type: Research article

    To assess capillary dropout in the superficial retinal capillary plexus (SCP) by optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) in the early stage of diabetic retinopathy (DR).

    Authors: Ceying Shen, Shu Yan, Min Du, Hong Zhao, Ling Shao and Yibo Hu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:113

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  5. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the outcomes of Viscocanalostomy (VC) and Phacoviscocanalostomy (PV) in controlling primary and secondary glaucoma in a large cohort of patients from a single eye unit and performed by a single sur...

    Authors: Andrew Want, Derek K.-H. Ho, Bhavani Karri and Divya Mathews

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:111

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  6. Content type: Research article

    The relationship between the role of VEGF and autophagy in the process of retinal angiogenesis is still unclear. In this study, we explored this issue by using the mouse retinal vascular endothelial cell (RVEC...

    Authors: Rong Li, Jin Tian, Junhui Du, Lei Zhao, Yang Yao, Zhaoxiang Yu, Weiping Chang, Rui Shi and Jing Li

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:110

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  7. Content type: Research article

    To compare the results between hydroimplantation of a single-piece, acrylic foldable toric intraocular lens (IOLs) and conventional implantation using an ophthalmic viscosurgical device (OVD).

    Authors: Yueqin Chen, Qian Cao, Chunyan Xue and Zhenping Huang

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:109

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  8. Content type: Research article

    Retinoblastoma is the most common primary intraocular tumor and more and more attention has been paid to the developing countries. This study was aimed to evaluate the clinical features, treatment, and prognos...

    Authors: Huimin Hu, Weiling Zhang, Yizhuo Wang, Dongsheng Huang, Jitong Shi, Bin Li, Yi Zhang and Yan Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:107

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  9. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate the safety and efficacy of combined 23-gauge transconjunctival pars plana vitrectomy and scleral fixation of intraocular lens (IOL) without conjunctival dissection.

    Authors: Ling Yeung, Nan-Kai Wang, Wei-Chi Wu and Kuan-Jen Chen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:108

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  10. Content type: Research article

    Although a series of reports on corneal fungal infection have been published, studies on pathogenic mechanisms and inflammation-associated cytokines remain limited. In this study, aqueous humor samples from fu...

    Authors: Yingnan Zhang, Qingfeng Liang, Yang Liu, Zhiqiang Pan, Christophe Baudouin, Antoine Labbé and Qingxian Lu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:105

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  11. Content type: Research article

    During cataract surgery, maintaining an adequate degree of mydriasis throughout the entire operation is critical to allow for visualisation of the capsulorhexis and the crystalline lens. Good anaesthesia is al...

    Authors: Keith Davey, Bernard Chang, Christine Purslow, Emilie Clay and Anne-Lise Vataire

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:104

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  12. Content type: Research article

    It was reported that lack of knowledge, less confidence of medical services, commute difficulties, and poor economic conditions would be the main barriers for cataract surgery practice. The influencing factors...

    Authors: Yi Xu, Jiangnan He, Senlin Lin, Bo Zhang, Jianfeng Zhu, Serge Resnikoff, Lina Lu and Haidong Zou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:102

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  13. Content type: Research article

    The critical time from onset of complete occlusion of the central retinal artery (CRA) to functionally significant inner retinal infarction represents a window of opportunity for treatment and also has medical...

    Authors: Stephan Tobalem, James S. Schutz and Argyrios Chronopoulos

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:101

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  14. Content type: Research article

    Endophthalmitis is a serious intraocular infection that frequently results in significant inflammation and vision loss. Because current therapeutics are often unsuccessful in mitigating damaging inflammation d...

    Authors: Phillip S. Coburn, Frederick C. Miller, Austin L. LaGrow, Salai Madhumathi Parkunan, C. Blake Randall, Rachel L. Staats and Michelle C. Callegan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:96

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  15. Content type: Research article

    Keratoconus (KC) is a multifactorial, degenerative ectatic condition of the cornea. It usually manifests during late adolescence or the early twenties. A painless disease, KC may end with severe visual loss. T...

    Authors: Yousef Shanti, Ithar Beshtawi, Sa’ed H. Zyoud, Ahlam Abu-Samra, Areen Abu-Qamar, Reem Barakat and Reham Shehada

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:95

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  16. Content type: Research article

    This study is aimed to screen out the microRNAs (miRNAs) associated with H2O2 induced oxidative stress in human lens epithelial B3 (HLE-B3) cell lines and investigate their relations with the progression of age-r...

    Authors: Song Wang, Chenjun Guo, Mengsi Yu, Xiaona Ning, Bo Yan, Jing Zhao, Angang Yang and Hong Yan

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:93

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  17. Content type: Case report

    Pellucid marginal corneal degeneration is a non-inflammatory disorder complicated by severe inferior corneal thinning. The central portion of the cornea, consequently, appears to protrude outwards, decreasing ...

    Authors: Andrew Winegarner, Yoshinori Oie and Kohji Nishida

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:92

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  18. Content type: Case report

    To report the results of multimodal imaging of a biochemically confirmed case of a family with gyrate atrophy (GA) associated with foveoschisis and macular pseudohole.

    Authors: Imène Zhioua Braham, Imen Ammous, Rim Maalej, Majdi Boukari, Ilhem Mili Boussen, Khalil Errais and Raja Zhioua

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:89

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  19. Content type: Research article

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the prevalence of diabetic macular edema (DME) utilizing optical coherence tomography (OCT), and to clarify the effects of the systemic findings and risk factors on the de...

    Authors: Durgul Acan, Mehmet Calan, Duygu Er, Tugba Arkan, Nilufer Kocak, Firat Bayraktar and Suleyman Kaynak

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:91

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  20. Content type: Case report

    Indocyanine Green Angiography (ICG-A) and Enhanced Depth Imaging Spectral-Domain Optical Coherence Tomography (EDI-OCT) are essential imaging techniques for diagnosis, management and understanding of the patho...

    Authors: Emilia Maggio, Alessandro Alfano, Antonio Polito and Grazia Pertile

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:87

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  21. Content type: Case report

    Clostridium perfringens is an uncommon pathogen in endophthalmitis, causing rapid destruction of ocular tissues. Clostridium perfringens infection typically occurs after penetrating injury with soil-contaminated ...

    Authors: Ghita Guedira, Nabil Taright, Hélène Blin, Thameur Fattoum, Jordan Leroy, Youssef El Samad, Solange Milazzo and Farida Hamdad

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:88

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  22. Content type: Research article

    Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) refers to the developmental disorder of the retina in premature infants and is one of the most serious and most dangerous complications in premature infants. The prevalence of ...

    Authors: Milad Azami, Zahra Jaafari, Shoboo Rahmati, Afsar Dastjani Farahani and Gholamreza Badfar

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:83

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  23. Content type: Case report

    Perfluorocarbon liquid (PFCL) is widely used as an intraoperative heavy tamponade to flatten the retina and is replaced with silicone oil (SO) at the end of the surgery. Due to the long tamponade period, the S...

    Authors: Masanori Fukumoto, Yui Nishida, Teruyo Kida, Takaki Sato, Takatoshi Kobayashi and Tsunehiko Ikeda

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:82

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  24. Content type: Case report

    Epiretinal membranes (ERMs), secondary to retinal cell proliferation on the retinal surface, usually affect patients over 50 years of age but occur rarely in children. Here we report the case of a 4-year-old p...

    Authors: Wenyi Tang, Ruiping Gu, Ting Zhang and Gezhi Xu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:79

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  25. Content type: Research article

    The present study aimed to evaluate the degree of anterior capsule contraction (capsulorhexis contraction) with three different single-piece, hydrophilic acrylic intraocular lenses (IOLs).

    Authors: Mihyun Choi, Marjorie Z. Lazo, Minji Kang, Jeehye Lee and Choun-Ki Joo

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:78

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  26. Content type: Research article

    Acute Posterior Multifocal Placoid Pigment Epitheliopathy (APMPPE) is a rare inflammatory eye disease that affects the Retinal Pigment Epithelium and outer retina. The purpose of this study was to describe its...

    Authors: Olivia Xerri, Sawsen Salah, Dominique Monnet and Antoine P. Brézin

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:76

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  27. Content type: Case report

    Fuchs’ uveitis (FU) is occasionarlly complicated with heavy vitreous opacity. We have performed vitrectomy procedures to remove vitreous opacity in affected patients as part of differential diagnosis for prima...

    Authors: Hisae Nakahara, Toshikatsu Kaburaki, Rie Tanaka, Junko Matsuda, Mitsuko Takamoto, Kazuyoshi Ohtomo, Kimiko Okinaga, Keiko Komae, Jiro Numaga, Yujiro Fujino and Makoto Aihara

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:74

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  28. Content type: Research article

    Keratoconus typically presents in the teenage years and is more advanced in younger patients when compared with adults. In the present study, we aimed to assess the safety and efficacy of accelerated transepit...

    Authors: Mi Tian, Weijun Jian, Ling Sun, Yang Shen, Xiaoyu Zhang and Xingtao Zhou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:75

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  29. Content type: Research article

    To evaluate monocular and binocular visual outcomes for near, intermediate, and far distance in patients implanted with diffractive multifocal intraocular lenses (IOLs) with different add power contralaterally.

    Authors: Chan Min Yang, Dong Hui Lim, Sungsoon Hwang, Joo Hyun and Tae-Young Chung

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:73

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  30. Content type: Case report

    Membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) is characterized by mesangial cell proliferation and is classified into types I, II and III based on structural changes in the glomerular capillary walls. The dr...

    Authors: Masato Takei, Akira Obana, Takenori Inomata, Takao Tanaka, Tina Shiang, Yuan Bae, Tamiko Takemura and Akira Murakami

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2018 18:72

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