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  1. Cataract surgery remains a commonly performed elective surgical procedure in the aging and the elderly. The purpose of this study was to utilize time series methodology to determine the temporal and seasonal v...

    Authors: Alan M Leong, Eric J Crighton, Rahim Moineddin, Muhammad Mamdani and Ross EG Upshur
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2006 6:2
  2. An observational case series was used to study the virulence characteristics and genotypes of paired Staphylococcus epidermidis isolates cultured from intraocular samples and from periocular environment of patien...

    Authors: Prashanth Kenchappa, Aparna Duggirala, Niyaz Ahmed, Avinash Pathengay, Taraprasad Das, Seyed E Hasnain and Savitri Sharma
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2006 6:1
  3. Self-hypnosis has been taught routinely at the SUNY Upstate Medical University for treatment of pulmonary symptoms thought to be amenable to psychological therapy. While using hypnosis for relaxation, four ind...

    Authors: Ran D Anbar and Aaron D Savedoff
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:28
  4. To assess the effect of intravitreal triamcinolone acetonide (iTA) as an adjunctive treatment to transpupillary therapy (TTT) for new subfoveal choroidal neovascular membranes (CNV) in age-related macular dege...

    Authors: Ricardo Agurto-Rivera, Jose Diaz-Rubio, Luis Torres-Bernal, Tamer A Macky, Juner Colina-Luquez, Gabriela Papa-Oliva, Rama D Jager, Susana Martinez-Jardon, Jans Fromow-Guerra and Hugo Quiroz-Mercado
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:27
  5. Repeat penetrating keratoplasty is quite often required as there is high chance of failure of the primary graft particularly in the developing world. We planned a study to analyze the indications and outcome o...

    Authors: M Vanathi, Namrata Sharma, Rajesh Sinha, Radhika Tandon, Jeewan S Titiyal and Rasik B Vajpayee
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:26
  6. Retinal pigment epithelium cells play an important role in the pathogenesis of age related macular degeneration. Their morphological, molecular and functional phenotype changes in response to various stresses....

    Authors: Rajesh K Sharma, William E Orr, Allyson D Schmitt and Dianna A Johnson
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:25
  7. Acute angle-closure glaucoma is a rare complication in patients receiving anti-depressant treatment. In the following case, we report the development of acute angle closure glaucoma in a patient who overdosed ...

    Authors: Robert Croos, Srinivasa Thirumalai, Sabit Hassan and Jane Da Roza Davis
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:23
  8. The prerequisites for a good capsulorhexis include a deep, well maintained anterior chamber, globe stabilization and globe manipulation. This helps to achieve a capsulorhexis of optimal size, shape and obtain ...

    Authors: Harinder S Sethi, Tanuj Dada, Harminder K Rai and Prabhpreet Sethi
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:21
  9. The Optic nerve is rarely involved after sheep brain anti-rabies vaccination in the form of retrobulbar neuritis or papillitis. Bilateral neuroretinitis after chick embryo cell antirabies vaccination has not b...

    Authors: Rohit Saxena, Harinder Singh Sethi, Harminder Kumar Rai and Vimla Menon
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:20
  10. Microsporidial keratitis is a rare cause of stromal keratitis. We present a series of five cases of microsporidial keratitis from a single centre in southern India with microbiologic and histopathologic features.

    Authors: Geeta K Vemuganti, Prashant Garg, Savitri Sharma, Joveeta Joseph, Usha Gopinathan and Shashi Singh
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:19
  11. Age-related macular degeneration (ARMD) is the leading cause of visual disability in people over 60 years of age in the developed world. The success of treatment deteriorates with increased latency of diagnosi...

    Authors: Hannah Bartlett, Leon N Davies and Frank Eperjesi
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:18
  12. Various ophthalmic viscosurgical devices (OVD) are used to perform phacoemulsification and other intraocular surgeries. We performed a study to compare the efficacy and safety of three ophthalmic viscosurgical...

    Authors: Rasik B Vajpayee, Kamna Verma, Rajesh Sinha, Jeewan S Titiyal, RM Pandey and Namrata Sharma
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:17
  13. Proliferative vitreoretinopathy (PVR) is a leading cause of blindness after failed retinal reattachment surgery. PVR is characterized by the proliferation, migration and contraction of retinal pigmented epithe...

    Authors: Stephan Hoffmann, Shikun He, Manlin Jin, Marianne Ehren, Peter Wiedemann, Stephen J Ryan and David R Hinton
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:16
  14. The management of diabetic patients with refractory macular oedema or patients with no adequate pre-operative view to administer laser treatment provide a challenge to the ophthalmologist. We wished to assess ...

    Authors: Maged S Habib, Paul S Cannon and David HW Steel
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:15
  15. Paralemmin (Palm) is a prenyl-palmitoyl anchored membrane protein that can drive membrane and process formation in neurons. Earlier studies have shown brain preferred Palm expression, although this protein is a m...

    Authors: Meryl Castellini, Louise V Wolf, Bharesh K Chauhan, Deni S Galileo, Manfred W Kilimann, Ales Cvekl and Melinda K Duncan
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:14
  16. Combining characteristic morphological and functional information in one image increases pathophysiologic understanding as well as diagnostic accuracy in most clinical settings. En-face optical coherence tomograp...

    Authors: Mirjam EJ van Velthoven, Koos de Vos, Frank D Verbraak, Chris W Pool and Marc D de Smet
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:12
  17. Epithelial downgrowth is a rare complication of ocular surgery. While the features of epithelial downgrowth following corneal transplantation are well described, its association with primary graft failure has ...

    Authors: Anthony J Aldave, David A Hollander, Bruno Branco, Brooks Crawford and Richard L Abbott
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:11
  18. Central retinal vein occlusion (CRVO) is a common retinal vascular disorder with potentially complications: (1) persistent macular edema and (2) neovascular glaucoma. No safe treatment exists that promotes the...

    Authors: Carlos Leizaola-Fernández, Luis Suárez-Tatá, Hugo Quiroz-Mercado, Juner Colina-Luquez, J Fromow-Guerra, Juan M Jiménez-Sierra, Jose L Guerrero-Naranjo and Virgilio Morales-Cantón
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:10
  19. The aim of this study was to develop a system of computerised analysis of digital images of posterior capsule opacification (PCO) that is evidence based, objective and freely available. The paper will present ...

    Authors: Tariq M Aslam, Niall Patton and Jim Graham
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:9
  20. Fundus autofluorescence (AF) imaging using confocal scanning laser ophthalmoscopy (cSLO) provides an accurate delineation of areas of geographic atrophy (GA).

    Authors: A Deckert, S Schmitz-Valckenberg, J Jorzik, A Bindewald, FG Holz and U Mansmann
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:8
  21. Reduced choroidal perfusion is hypothesized to play a role in the pathogenesis of normal tension glaucoma. Thus the impact of antiglaucomatous eye drops on ocular perfusion has been the focus of recent researc...

    Authors: Oliver Zeitz, Eike T Matthiessen, Juliane Reuss, Anne Wiermann, Lars Wagenfeld, Peter Galambos, Gisbert Richard and Maren Klemm
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:6
  22. Primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) is considered to be a neurodegenerative optic neuropathy, in which cell death occurs by apoptosis. p21, is an important protective component of the apoptotic pathway, regulating...

    Authors: Thomas Ressiniotis, Philip G Griffiths, Sharon M Keers, Patrick F Chinnery and Michael Birch
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:5
  23. Relatively little is known about the incidence of prescribing errors and there has been no work on this in a single specialty ophthalmic hospital. Knowing where and when errors are most likely to occur is gene...

    Authors: K Mandal and SG Fraser
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2005 5:4
  24. Keratocyte loss by apoptosis following epithelial debridement is a well-recognized entity. In a study of corneal buttons obtained from patients of corneal ulcer undergoing therapeutic keratoplasty, we observed...

    Authors: Geeta K Vemuganti, Kishore Reddy, Ghazala Iftekhar, Prashant Garg and Savitri Sharma
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2004 4:16
  25. To evaluate the efficacy of diode laser photocoagulation in patients with central serous retinopathy (CSR) and to compare it with the effects of argon green laser.

    Authors: Lalit Verma, Rajesh Sinha, Pradeep Venkatesh and HK Tewari
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2004 4:15
  26. To study the effect of prophylactic application of mitomycin-C on haze formation in photorefractive keratectomy (PRK) for high myopia.

    Authors: Hassan Hashemi, Seied Mohammad Reza Taheri, Akbar Fotouhi and Azita Kheiltash
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2004 4:12
  27. Although a rare disease, uveal melanoma is the most common primary intraocular malignancy in adults, with an incidence rate of up to 1.0 per 100,000 persons per year in Europe. Only a few consistent risk facto...

    Authors: Andrea Schmidt-Pokrzywniak, Karl-Heinz Jöckel, Norbert Bornfeld and Andreas Stang
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2004 4:11
  28. Triple-A syndrome (Allgrove syndrome) is an autosomal recessive disorder characterized by adrenal insufficiency, alacrima, achalasia, and – occasionally – autonomic instability. Mutations have been found in the A...

    Authors: Brian P Brooks, Robert Kleta, Rafael C Caruso, Caroline Stuart, Jonathan Ludlow and Constantine A Stratakis
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2004 4:7
  29. The new Ocular Dynamic Contour Tonometer (DCT), investigational device supplied by SMT (Swiss Microtechnology AG, Switzerland) allows simultaneous recording of intraocular pressure (IOP) and ocular pulse ampli...

    Authors: Esther M Hoffmann, Franz-H Grus and Norbert Pfeiffer
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2004 4:4
  30. As shown previously, the submandibular (SM) lymph node (LN) is required for priming the immune response during corneal graft rejection. In this study, we wished to determine whether corneal grafts at "high-ris...

    Authors: Jarmila Plšková, Vladimír Holáň, Martin Filipec and John V Forrester
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2004 4:3
  31. Recently, instruments for the measurement of wavefront aberration in the living human eye have been widely available for clinical applications. Despite the extensive background experience on wavefront sensing ...

    Authors: Harilaos S Ginis, Sotiris Plainis and Aristophanis Pallikaris
    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2004 4:1

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