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  1. Anterior chamber angle anatomy in perspective of ocular biometry may be the key element to intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction, especially in glaucoma patients. We aim to investigate anterior chamber angle an...

    Authors: Giedre Pakuliene, Kirilas Zimarinas, Irena Nedzelskiene, Brent Siesky, Loreta Kuzmiene, Alon Harris and Ingrida Januleviciene

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:127

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Glistenings describe small, refractile microvacuoles that may arise within the intraocular lens (IOL) material and reduce the patients’ quality of vision. Lenses composed of hydrophobic acrylic material are pa...

    Authors: Tamer Tandogan, Gerd U. Auffarth, Hyeck-Soo Son, Patrick Merz, Chul Young Choi and Ramin Khoramnia

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:126

    Content type: Research article

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  3. Intraoperative floppy iris syndrome is a variant of the small pupil syndrome that has been observed during cataract surgery in some patients currently or previously treated with α1 adrenergic blockers. It is i...

    Authors: Umut Karaca, Engin Kaya, Onder Ayyildiz, Gokhan Ozge, Murat Kucukevcilioglu, Gulsah Usta and Fatih Mehmet Mutlu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:125

    Content type: Research article

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  4. This study aimed at investigating: 1) the relationship between self-care agency and depression and anxiety; 2) the sociodemographic and clinical factors associated with depression and anxiety in patients with ...

    Authors: Bo Zhang, Qin Wang, Xuancan Zhang, Li Jiang, Lezhi Li and Bangshan Liu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:123

    Content type: Research article

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  5. To study optic disc features of premature infants and compare to that of term infants to explore the pattern and features of newborn optic disc development and provide the basis for the diagnosis of newborn op...

    Authors: Xiaofen Feng, Yan Nan, Jiandong Pan, Ruitao Zou, Lijun Shen and Feng Chen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:120

    Content type: Research article

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  6. This paper fills a gap in the applied research field, for a local context, by addressing the topics of describing cataract surgery’ clinical outcomes; quality of life (QoL); and costs of the patients treated a...

    Authors: Lara Queirós, Patrícia Redondo, M. França, Sérgio Estrela Silva, Pedro Borges, António Benevides de Melo, Nuno Pereira, Paulo Freitas da Costa, Nazaré Carvalho, Marina Borges, Isabel Sequeira, Francisco Nuno Rocha Gonçalves and José Lemos

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:119

    Content type: Research article

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  7. To investigate the aetiopathology of recurrent epiphora or stickiness after dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR) surgery, identifiable on dacryocystography (DCG), and to assess the success rates of secondary corrective...

    Authors: Hannah M. Timlin, Swan Kang, Kailun Jiang and Daniel G. Ezra

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:117

    Content type: Research article

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  8. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of systemic parameters, laboratory findings, oral parameters, and other ocular surface parameters on ocular surface epithelial damage in patients with primary ...

    Authors: Ji Eun Kim, Na Rae Kim, Hee Seung Chin, Kyoung Yul Seo, Tae-im Kim and Ji Won Jung

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:114

    Content type: Research article

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  9. To compare ocular and corneal inherent aberrations in the naked eyes of randomly selected children fitted with MiSight contact lenses (CL) for myopia control, versus children corrected with single-vision spect...

    Authors: Daniela Lopes-Ferreira, Alicia Ruiz-Pomeda, Belén Peréz-Sanchéz, António Queirós and César Villa-Collar

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:112

    Content type: Research article

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  10. Cataract surgeries can improve mental health outcomes. However, previous studies have not investigated whether the time interval between cataract surgeries for 2 eyes affects mental health outcomes.

    Authors: Chiun-Ho Hou, Ken-Jen Chen, Jiahn-Shing Lee, Ken-Kuo Lin and Christy Pu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:110

    Content type: Research article

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  11. Treatment of recurrent retinal detachment (re-RD) following vitrectomy (post-gas/air tamponade and post-silicone oil removal) is challenging. Previously reported treatment is commonly revision pars plana vitre...

    Authors: Jun-Xing Bai, Xiao-Jian Zhang, An-Li Duan and Xiao-Yan Peng

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:109

    Content type: Research article

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  12. This study aims to compare the levels of intraocular cytokines between Fuchs uveitis syndrome (FUS) eyes and the senile cataract eyes. The association between inflammatory cytokine levels and cataract severity...

    Authors: Hui Wang and Yong Tao

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:108

    Content type: Research article

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  13. Un-operated cataract is the leading cause of vision loss worldwide, responsible for 33% of visual impairment, and half of global blindness. The study aimed to build a fast evaluation method utilizing Andersen’...

    Authors: Senlin Lin, Yingyan Ma, Zhiyuan Hou, Nathan Congdon, Lina Lu and Haidong Zou

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:107

    Content type: Research article

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  14. The purpose of this study is to report the safety and efficacy of pars plana glaucoma drainage devices with pars plana vitrectomy using one of the vitrectomy sclerotomy sites for tube placement in patients wit...

    Authors: Enchi Kristina Chang, Sanchay Gupta, Marika Chachanidze, John B. Miller, Ta Chen Chang and David A. Solá-Del Valle

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:106

    Content type: Research article

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  15. Cogan’s anterior internuclear ophthalmoplegia (INO) is characterized by INO with inability to converge and commonly thought to be due to rostral midbrain lesion. A lesion outside midbrain that causes unilatera...

    Authors: Yong Zheng Wai, Qi Xiong Ng, Tsu Hong Lim and Lik Thai Lim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:105

    Content type: Case report

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  16. Hyperoxia-mediated inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in the retina is the main cause of impeded angiogenesis during phase I retinopathy of prematurity (ROP). Human retinal angiogenesis in...

    Authors: Lan Jian, Yang Mei, Chen Xing and Yuan Rongdi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:104

    Content type: Research article

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  17. The dacryoendoscope is the only instrument that can observe the luminal side of the lacrimal passage with minimal invasiveness. It was developed to treat lacrimal passage obstructions by inserting a bicanalicu...

    Authors: Tomoyuki Kamao, Xiaodong Zheng and Atsushi Shiraishi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:103

    Content type: Research article

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  18. The natural course of a vortex vein varix, though not well understood, has been known to remain stable. However, here we report a novel case of a vortex vein varix that resolved after an extended period of mon...

    Authors: Sara L Weidmayer and Hakan Demirci

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:101

    Content type: Case report

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  19. Numerous studies have confirmed the association of ambient temperature and air pollution with a higher risk of morbidities, yet few have addressed their effect on the ocular system. The purpose of this study w...

    Authors: S. Khalaila, T. Coreanu, A. Vodonos, I. Kloog, A. Shtein, L. E. Colwell, V. Novack and E. Tsumi

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:100

    Content type: Research article

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  20. The use of a tissue patch graft is common practice with a glaucoma drainage device (GDD). Patch grafts can be visible in the palpebral fissure and may be cosmetically displeasing for some patients. The aim of ...

    Authors: Doaa S. Milibari, Dalal Fatani, Abeer Ahmad, Ohoud Owaidhah, Saleh A. AlObeidan, Faisal A. Almobarak and Rizwan Malik

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:99

    Content type: Research article

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  21. Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is known to occlude choroidal neovascularisation selectively, and there have been several reports on its adverse effects on the normal choroid and retinal pigment epithelium, resulti...

    Authors: Min Ho Kim, Yoo-Ri Chung and Ji Hun Song

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:98

    Content type: Research article

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  22. The prevalence of age-related macular degeneration (AMD) varies from 6.8 to 18.3% for all forms of AMD and from 0.6 to 2.6% for late AMD according to race, suggesting the existence of genetic differences among...

    Authors: Hyun-Tae Shin, Byung Woo Yoon and Je Hyun Seo

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:97

    Content type: Research article

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  23. Globally, visual impairment affects about 285 million (4.25%) people, of those, 266.4 million were adults aged 18 years and above. Ethiopia is one of developing countries estimated to have high prevalence of v...

    Authors: Haimanot Abebe, Fasil Wagnew, Haymanot Zeleke, Bitew Tefera, Shegaw Tesfa and Tamene Fetene

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:96

    Content type: Research article

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  24. To analyze whether corneal refractive surgery (CRS) is associated with the distribution of different accommodative dysfunctions (ADs) and binocular dysfunctions (BDs) in civilian pilots. A further aim was to a...

    Authors: Ye Wu, Zhen Zhang, Meng Liao, Qi Li, Xue Lin Tang and Longqian Liu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:95

    Content type: Research article

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  25. Polypoidal choroidal vasculopathy (PCV) is a type of age-related macular degeneration that can cause permanent vision loss. The purpose of this paper was to report the one-year outcomes of fixed-dosing afliber...

    Authors: Hun Gu Choo, Jin Hae Lee, Hyun Sub Oh, Soon Hyun Kim, Yong Sung You and Oh Woong Kwon

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:94

    Content type: Research article

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  26. Eye examination and vision assessment are vital for the detection of conditions that result in blindness. Childhood blindness seriously impacts the development, education, and future employment opportunities o...

    Authors: Tolosa Tufa Regassa, Kumale Tolesa Daba, Ido Didi Fabian and Aemero Abateneh Mengasha

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:91

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Anti–vascular endothelial growth factor (anti-VEGF) agents have become the standard of care in neovascular age-related macular degeneration (nAMD). Despite generally excellent response rates to anti-VEGF thera...

    Authors: Sam Razavi, Laurent Kodjikian, Audrey Giocanti-Aurégan, Ingrid Dufour and Eric Souied

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:90

    Content type: Research article

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  28. For clinical practice it is important to evaluate and compare anxiety, depression and quality of life of glaucoma patients with painless one-eye blindness and a normal fellow eye to unaffected age-matched indi...

    Authors: Gábor Holló, Nikolett Gabriella Sándor, Péter Kóthy and Anna Géczy

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:89

    Content type: Article

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  29. Myopia is hypothesized to be influenced by environmental light conditions. For example, it has been shown that colour and temporal frequency of flickering light affect emmetropisation in animals. Considering t...

    Authors: Liyue Zhang, Dongyu Guo, Chen Xie, Yingying Wen, Xuhong Zhang, Le Jin, Jianping Tong and Ye Shen

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:88

    Content type: Research article

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  30. To acquire desirable outcomes of penetrating keratoplasty (PKP), various factors affecting graft survival, visual function, and subjective symptom should be considered. As ocular surface and meibomian gland fu...

    Authors: Kang Yoon Kim, Byunghoon Chung, Eung Kweon Kim, Kyoung Yul Seo, Ikhyun Jun and Tae-im Kim

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:85

    Content type: Research article

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    The Correction to this article has been published in BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:118

  31. To investigate the efficacy and predictability of Muller’s muscle-conjunctival resection (MMCR) with different lengths of tarsectomy for the treatment of unilateral mild-to-moderate blepharoptosis.

    Authors: So-Hung Yeh, Shu-Lang Liao and Yi-Hsuan Wei

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:83

    Content type: Research article

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  32. Quantitative assessment of vascular density (VD) of retinal and choriocapillaris (CC) in various stages of diabetic retinopathy (DR) using spectral domain optical coherence tomography angiography (SD OCTA).

    Authors: Fariba Ghassemi, Kaveh Fadakar, Sahar Berijani, Ameneh Babeli, Alireza Gholizadeh and Siamak Sabour

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:82

    Content type: Research article

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  33. Genetic association of uncoupling proteins (UCPs) variants with the susceptibility of diabetic retinopathy (DR) in diabetes mellitus (DM) patients has been reported but with controversy. Here we aimed to condu...

    Authors: Xujia Liu, Zehua Jiang, Guihua Zhang, Tsz Kin Ng and Zhenggen Wu

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:81

    Content type: Research article

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  34. We discuss the safety, since their introduction, of phakic intraocular lenses (pIOLs) to correct refractive errors in healthy eyes. We investigated the reasons for pIOL explantation and the associated perioper...

    Authors: Timur M. Yildirim, Ramin Khoramnia, Hyeck-Soo Son, Christian S. Mayer, Grzegorz Łabuz, Donald J. Munro and Gerd U. Auffarth

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:80

    Content type: Research article

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  35. Globally, at least 1 billion people have a vision impairment that could have been easily prevented or easily treated. Cataract is the leading preventable and most treatable causes of blindness and bilateral lo...

    Authors: Anteneh Fikrie, Yonatan G. Mariam, Elias Amaje and Henok Bekele

    Citation: BMC Ophthalmology 2021 21:79

    Content type: Research article

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